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Koskas P.,Memory Center | Henry-Feugeas M.C.,Bichat Claude Bernard University Hospital | Feugeas J.P.,University Paris Diderot | Poissonnet A.,Bretonneau Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology | Year: 2014

Objective: To examine the diagnostic ability of the Lawton Instrumental Activities Daily Living (IADLs) scale and the Activities Daily Living (ADLs) scale as a sensitive tool to Alzheimer's disease (AD) in community-dwelling elderly people. Design: In an old age memory outpatient center, among patients with a clinical diagnosis of AD dementia or no dementia supported by at least 6 months of follow-up, we looked back at the baseline Lawton IADL scale (short version IADL-4 item), ADL scale, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) values. Results: There were 109 patients with AD and 53 nondemented individuals (81.4 ± 4.6 years). The sensitivity of ADL scale or IADL-4 item or the MMSE was low (52%-57%). The most efficient AD classification used both the IADLs-4 item and the MOCA with a threshold score of 20. Besides age and memory scores, the main correlates of IADLs scale or ADLs scale were executive, neuropsychiatric, vascular, and extrapyramidal scores. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the Lawton IADLs-4 item scale and ADLs scale lack sensitivity to AD dementia in elderly people and support a better sensitivity of MOCA rather than MMSE and IADLs-4 item/ADLs at the expense of specificity. © The Author(s) 2014. Source


Chapiro E.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Chapiro E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Radford-Weiss I.,Necker Enfants Malades Hospital | Cung H.-A.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 21 more authors.
Cancer Genetics | Year: 2013

Chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IGH@) are recurrent but rare in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), and various partner genes have been described. Here, we report a new series of 29 cases of BCP-ALL with IGH@ translocations. The partner gene was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization and/or molecular cloning in 20 patients. Members of the CEBP gene family (n = 11), BCL2 (n = 3), ID4 (n = 3), EPOR (n = 2), and TRA/D@ (n = 1) were identified and demonstrated by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to be markedly up-regulated. The present cases, added to those already reported, confirm the diversity of the partner genes, which, apart from BCL2, are specific to BCP-ALL. Collectively, patients with IGH@ translocations may represent a novel sub-group of BCP-ALL occurring in adolescents and young adults. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


Elaidi R.,Georges Pompidou European Hospital | Harbaoui A.,St. Andre Hospital | Beuselinck B.,University Hospitals Leuven | Eymard J.-C.,Center Joliot Curie | And 13 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2015

In a comparison of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor (mTORi) in patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma who received a 1st-line TKI for at least 6 months, the TKI-TKI sequence was favored over the TKI-mTORi. Long-term 2nd-line responders were more likely to have received a second TKI and to have been long-term responders to a 1st-line TKI. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source


Aouizerate J.,University Paris Est Creteil | Matignon M.,University Paris Est Creteil | Kamar N.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Thervet E.,Necker Enfants Malades Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2010

Background and objectives: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology. The outcome of renal transplantation on patients with sarcoidosis is not well known. A few case reports have described recurrence of sarcoidosis after transplant. Here, we report for the first time results and outcome of renal transplantation in a series of patients with sarcoidosis. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Eighteen patients with sarcoidosis who underwent renal transplantation were identified retrospectively in eight French renal transplantation departments. Patient medical charts, demographics, and the outcome of renal transplantation were reviewed. Results: Initial renal disease was related to sarcoidosis in 10 patients. At the end of the follow-up (median, 42 months), patient and death-censored graft survival were 94.4% and the mean GFR was 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Five patients (27%) experienced recurrence of sarcoidosis including extra-renal involvement in two patients and renal involvement in three patients. Median GFR was lower in the group of patients with renal recurrence compared with that of the entire cohort: 31 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Recurrence occurred shortly after transplantation (median period, 13 months). Risk factors for recurrence included primary renal disease related to sarcoidosis and a shorter delay between the last episode of sarcoidosis and renal transplantation. Conclusions: Our results indicate that renal transplantation may be carried out safely in transplant candidates with sarcoidosis. Recurrence is not rare and is likely to affect graft outcome. These results fully justify a specific clinical and histologic monitoring mainly during the early posttransplant period. Copyright © 2010 by the American Society of Nephrology. Source


Oudard S.,Georges Pompidou European Hospital | Oudard S.,University of Paris Descartes | Oudard S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Rixe O.,University of Cincinnati | And 19 more authors.
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy | Year: 2011

MUC1 over-expression in renal clear-cell carcinoma (RCC) is associated with poor prognosis. This phase II study determined the efficacy and tolerability of TG4010, a cancer vaccine based on a modified vaccinia virus expressing MUC1 and interleukin-2, in combination with cytokines, as first-line therapy in metastatic RCC. Thirty-seven patients with progressive, MUC1-positive RCC received TG4010 108 pfu/inj weekly for 6 weeks, then every 3 weeks until progression, when TG4010 was continued in combination with interferon-α2a and interleukin-2. Assessments included clinical response (primary endpoint), safety, time to treatment failure (TTF), overall survival (OS), and immune response. No objective clinical responses occurred. Five of the 27 evaluable patients (18%) had stable disease for >6 months with TG4010 alone and six of 20 patients (30%) had stable disease for >6 months with TG4010 plus cytokines. Median TTF was 4.1, 3.6, and 9.3 months for monotherapy, combination therapy, and overall, respectively. Median OS was 19.3 months for all patients and 22.4 months combination therapy recipients. The most frequent TG4010-related adverse events were minor-to-moderate injection-site reactions, fatigue, and flu-like symptoms. Six of 28 patients showed a MUC1 CD4+ T cell proliferative response during therapy. Anti-MUC1 CD8+ T cells were detected before and after therapy in 3 and 4 patients, respectively. MUC1-specific CD8+ T cell responses were associated with longer survival. Therapy with TG4010 plus cytokines appears to be feasible and well tolerated in patients with metastatic RCC. However, these data should be interpreted with caution, as additional prospective studies are necessary to clarify the clinical efficacy of this therapy. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

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