Bremerhaven University of Applied Sciences

www.hs-bremerhaven.de/
Bremerhaven, Germany

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2013-2 | Award Amount: 2.58M | Year: 2013

3 billion tonnes of biomass waste are produced each year in the European Union. From these, a substantial amount is organic waste. These wet biomass waste streams are abundantly available in Europe, while their disposal and recycling becomes increasingly difficult as energy efficient, environmentally sound and economically viable processes hardly exist. The existing treatment methods for these streams are mainly incineration or landfilling. A small amount is composted, digested anaerobically or used as animal fodder. Based on Council Directive 1999/31/EC biowaste with more than 3% organic content is no longer accepted for landfilling as the directive is intended to prevent or entirely reduce the adverse effects of waste landfilling on the environment by introducing strict technical requirements. It limits even further the legal ways for biowaste disposal and sets the basis for developing new technologies for its reuse. By 2020 the EU Member States could be generating 45% more waste than in 1995. Following this the Waste Framework Directive sets the basic concepts and definitions related to waste management. The concept behind NEWAPP is that wet biomass can be a resource more than a waste and does not need to be disposed of in the costly and inefficient way it is nowadays. The alternative is to create a continuous system which will allow to recover heat in an energy efficient for tailor made HTC products way. NEWAPP will gather international researchers, industrial associations and SMEs from different EU countries in its thirty months lifecycle to assess the requirements and constraints of SME-AGs in the reuse of wet biomass with HTC, analyse the potentials of the different wet biomass streams for using them for HTC, perform intensive testing with this innovative system technology for heat recovery and efficiency for tailor made HTC products launch a standardization process for the two most promising waste streams to prove their viability for commercial applications.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.3.4-01;KBBE.2013.3.3-04 | Award Amount: 7.86M | Year: 2013

The project GRAIL has been build with 15 partners from 9 different countries with the aim of finalising the solutions given previously to the valorization of glycerol and transform then in valuable products in a biorefinery approach The overall concept of GRAIL project is the use, exploitation and further development of the state of the art in the field of bio-based products from glycerol and the development research-driven cluster for the use of crude glycerol for the production of high-value platforms, as well as valued end products, harnessing the biotech processes. Therefore GRAIL project has a strong business focus and its ultimate goal is to set up implantation of biorefineries in close relationship with biodiesel. This projects aim is to develop a set of technologies for converting waste glycerol from biodiesel production in a biorefinery concept to end with products of high value such as 1,3 propanediol, Fatty acid glycerol formal esters, PolyHydroxyAlkanoates (PHA), Hydrogen and Ethanol, Synthetic coatings, powder coating resins, Secondary Glycerol Amine, Biobutanol, Trehalose, Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12), -carotene, Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), . The GRAIL project has designed an overall strategy based on three main pillars covering all the value chain: Pillar 1: Raw materials: Evaluation of crude glycerol and purification Pillar 2: Product development: Research and development to transform crude glycerol into other high added value such as biofuels, green chemicals and food supplements Pillar 3: Industrial feasibility aspects including economic and environmental evaluation. This pillar will take the results of GRAIL from the product development to the industrial site. To carry out that the technical feasibility will be study on a pilot plant in a Demonstration (and the results will be important to evaluate the LCA and the economic feasibility (WP6).


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME-AG | Phase: SME-2013-2 | Award Amount: 1.94M | Year: 2014

The FLOURplus proposal was initiated by concerned SMEs and industrial associations that have realized the fluctuations in wheat quantity and quality due to the progressing climate change. Their aim is to finally tackle the core problem of the increasingly varying, non-detectable and thus incontrollable flour quality being aware that this requires a European-wide sector-solution supported throughout both, milling and bakery sector. The proposed project will deliver a modern and smart process control system (FLOURplus system) which enables to accurately determine the flour quality and to counterbalance varying qualities throughout the main processing steps and quality determining stages (fermentation, proofing, selection of yeast and other ingredients) in manufacturing. The pilot implementation will be performed on widely consumed white bread loaves (large volume product) and rolls (small volume). The system will be ready-to-use for more resource-efficiency and production safety in various scale manufacturing systems, and it will be ready to directly connect to existing and innovative analytical tools and processing equipment and to expand to further products for optimal market penetration. The proposing associations aim to further use the generated knowledge on versatile processing opportunities and correlated product quality and consumer preferences to support specifically their SME members by providing hands-on advice and training on how to manufacture custom-tailored core products to improve SME competitiveness in the market via quality properties (product appearance, sensory) rather than price-competition.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BG-10-2014 | Award Amount: 5.28M | Year: 2015

The overall aim of PrimeFish is to improve the economic sustainability of European fisheries and aquaculture sectors. PrimeFish will gather data from individual production companies, industry and sales organisations, consumers and public sources. The data will be related to the competitiveness and economic performance of companies in the sector; this includes data on price development, supply chain relations, markets, consumer behaviour and successful product innovation. The large industry reference group will facilitate access to data on specific case studies. A data repository will be created, and PrimeFish will join the H2020 Open Research Data Pilot to ensure future open access to the data. The effectiveness of demand stimulation through health, label and certification claims will be evaluated and compared with actual consumer behaviour. PrimeFish will assess the non-market value associated with aquaculture and captured fisheries as well as the effectiveness of regulatory systems and thereby provide the basis for improved societal decision making in the future. The collected data will be used to verify models and develop prediction algorithms that will be implemented into a computerized decision support system (PrimeDSS). The PrimeDSS, together with the underlying data, models, algorithms, assumptions and accompanying user instructions will form the PrimeFish Decision Support Framework (PrimeDSF). The lead users, typically fishermen, aquaculture producers and production companies, will be able to use the PrimeDSF to improve understanding of the functioning of their markets and in setting strategic plans for future production and innovation which in turn will strengthen the long term viability of the European fisheries and aquaculture sectors. This will also benefit consumers, leading to more diversified European seafood products, enhanced added value, novel products and improved information on origin, certification and health claims.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.1 | Award Amount: 7.18M | Year: 2013

The objective of the EnviGuard project is to develop a highly specific and precise (i.e. quantitative and qualitative) in situ measurement device for currently hard to measure man-made chemical contaminants and biohazards (toxic microalgae, viruses & bacteria, biotoxins & PCBs) that can be used as an early warning system in aquaculture and as an environmental monitor to assess the good environmental status of the sea in compliance with the MSFD. It will be more cost-efficient than current monitoring devices leading to a clear marketing advantage for the European analytical and research equipment industry. The modular system will consist of three different sensor modules (microalgae/pathogens/ toxins & chemicals) integrated into a single, portable device, which saves, displays and sends the collected data real time to a server by means of mobile data transmission and the internet. EnviGuard will be able to accomplish this also in real-time for a period of at least one week without maintenance in an offshore, marine surrounding. User of EnviGuard can access their data online any time they need to. Potential fields of use are marine environment pollution monitoring, marine research and quality control in seawater aquaculture, a sector in Europe highly occupied by SMEs. The biosensors developed in the project go far beyond the current state-of-the art in terms of accuracy, reliability and simplicity in operation by combining innovations in nanotechnology and molecular science leading to the development cutting edge sensor technology putting European research and highly innovative SMEs in the forefront of quickly developing markets.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: SFS-17-2014 | Award Amount: 2.57M | Year: 2015

Million of tons of vegetables and fruits are harvested and then distributed throughout Europe every year. However, fruits and vegetables can be regarded as highly perishable foods and are especially susceptible to changing climatic conditions (temperature, humidity) after harvest. The long distribution pathways in combination with insufficient technologies for appropriate transport and storage lead to a high amount of food wasted as well as to products with inferior quality arriving at the consumer. Close to 50% of all fruits and vegetables get wasted in the EU, about a third of which can be attributed to the step between harvest and consumption. Food waste is currently a priority topic in the EU with a reduction target of 50% by 2020. A novel, innovative humidification/disinfection technology which has been developed based on several successful European research activities can contribute substantially to this target while simultaneously enhancing the shelf life and the hygienic properties of fruit and vegetables. By means of ultrasonic humidification as well as natural sanitizers for disinfection a cool, humid, and germ-free climate will be established preserving quality and freshness of fruits and vegetables (e.g. reduced weight/moisture loss, structural changes, decay, etc.) along the entire post-harvest supply chain. In five real-scale case studies (directly after harvesting - washing step, in transportation, storage, and retail facilities) the market potential of this technology will be demonstrated. Therefore, an unbroken cold as well as humidity chain will be achieved from farm to fork, substantially reducing waste along each step. Thorough analysis of the achieved results in terms of ecologic, technological and economic benefits as well as in-depths market research will provide the basis for an extensive training, promotion, and dissemination program aimed at multipliers and potential clients, thus achieving a successful market introduction.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.21M | Year: 2014

Quality assurance plays a key role in the food industry. Current control of safety and quality characteristics of the various products is carried out mainly by random sampling of the initial, intermediate and/or final products. However, this methodology does not allow immediate adjustments to the production process in case any negative quality features are detected and consequently large batches of non-conforming products often need to be disposed. Therefore this project aims to develop an innovative and affordable process and quality control system for industrial food production which allows for continuous quality measurement and process adjustment. The complete system consists on the one hand of an optic measurement unit and on the other hand of a software package for automatic monitoring, control, and adjustment of the production process which will furthermore be compatible with the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) method. The optic measurement unit uses sensors based on nano-spectrometry (Fabry-Prot principle) to detect important process parameters. The complete Food-Watch system will in this project be developed for the application in bakeries, as bread is one of the most important staple foods in Europe. Important process parameters in the baking industry such as the degree of browning, caramelization, or temperature and humidity of the ambient air will be analyzed and the data used to adjust the baking process (temperature, humidity) in real-time through a feedback loop. An applied research approach involving several SME bakeries will not only ensure the compatibility of the new system with current technologies, but also raise the acceptance of the baking sector. Nevertheless, it is foreseen, that the to-be-developed technology in future can be adapted to other sectors in the food industry.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-RIA | Phase: BBI.VC1.R1 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2015

US4GREENCHEM aims to design a biorefinery concept for the complete valorization of lignocellulosic biomass that is energy- and cost- efficient and based solely on green technologies. The concept combines mechanical pretreatment of the substrate with the aid of ultrasound to overcome its recalcitrance and disrupt inhibitors with mild CO2 hemicellulose degradation and with the enzymatic recovery of sugars and technologies for the valorization of the byproducts released in the process. Aim of the Project - Develop ultrasound (US) pretreatment that effectively disrupts the lignocellulosic matrix. - Further degrade lignocellulose with CO2 technologies to maximize release of sugars as main target products of the process. - Develop purification and conversion strategies for lignin-based products, in order to maximize the material valorization of the biomass components. - Valorize the solid residues of the product for energy. - Optimize the yield and reduce by 50% the cost of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose fibers. - Test for fermentability of the sugar fraction - Propose effective integration and upscaling to strategies pilot scale through the experienced industrial partners involved in the project. - Perform a thorough analysis of the outcomes of the proposed combination of technologies to evaluate the potential economic and environmental impacts and compare the proposed concept to existing technologies on the market and being currently developed.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.2.3-01 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2013

Quality assurance plays a key role in the food industry. Current control of safety and quality characteristics in the bakery industry is carried out mainly by random sampling of the initial, intermediate and/or final products. However, this methodology does not allow immediate adjustments to the production process in case any negative quality features are detected and consequently large batches of non-conforming products often need to be disposed and a lot of resources (energy, water, ingredients) are wasted. Therefore this project aims to develop an innovative and affordable quality and performance control system for baking processes based on nanospectrometry and ultrasound, allowing for continuous quality measurement and process adjustment. The complete Bread-Guard system consists of two sensors and a corresponding soft-/hardware package which in combination can measure the key parameters of the baking process and adjust it to the optimal set-up. The first sensor is based on nano-spectrometry (Fabry-Prot principle) and will be used to measure parameters in the ambient air of the oven (e.g. humidity, temperature) as well as product surface characteristics (e.g. degree of browning). The second sensor based on ultrasound will measure structural and mechanical properties within the products (e.g. density, porosity, mechanical strength). The sensor-data will be used to adjust the baking process (temperature, humidity) in real-time through a feedback loop. An applied research approach involving Europes leading research institutes in the field of baking, sensor development and process control, equipment producers for sensor, oven, and software development as well as several SME bakeries will not only ensure the compatibility of the new system with current technologies, but also raise the acceptance of the baking sector. Nevertheless, it is foreseen, that the to-be-developed technology in future can be adapted to other sectors in the food industry.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FTIPilot-1-2015 | Award Amount: 2.12M | Year: 2016

In recent years, a growing concern has been expressed throughout the EU regarding water scarcity problems and the significant impacts on freshwater resources by agricultural activities. The concept presented in this project is an advancement of the TREAT&USE system, a successful EU research project (FP7) approaching the safe reuse of wastewater in agriculture production with excellent technical and scientific results. The upscale of TREAT&USE prototype will permit to overcome main barriers to reach the market and adapt the technology to intensive agriculture production. The result will be a commercial system thoroughly demonstrated and tested in its operational environment. RichWater system is composed of a low-cost and energy-efficient MBR (to produce pathogen-free and nutrient rich irrigation water), a mixing module (for tailor-made mixing with freshwater and additional fertilizers), the fertigation unit and a monitoring / control module including soil sensors to guarantee demand-driven and case sensitive fertigation. By combining these developed modules a complete and turn-key system for safe wastewater reuse in agriculture is available covering all topics relevant to farmers and the market. In TREAT&USE, a prototype system has already been tested and implemented in a small-scale tomato plantation in Southern Spain. It is RichWater project ambition to develop an up-scaled commercial prototype (min. 100 m treatment capacity/day) and pursue the goal of implementing it in a real scale food producer in Southern Spain to reuse local community wastewater for irrigation purposes. The aim is to create a win-win situation between two sectors (the wastewater treatment and the agricultural sector) by turning public wastewater into a valuable end-product. A detailed life cycle assessment and business plan will help to precisely assess the ecologic, technological and economic benefits enabling an effective market strategy.

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