Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-5-2014 | Award Amount: 6.71M | Year: 2015
EU-LIVE will provide a comprehensive European solution for the next generation of electrified, cost- and energy-efficient light urban vehicles to cope with the challenges of future personal urban mobility, based on both user needs and acceptance. EU-LIVE will establish the EU-LIVE modular platform, a systematic approach for efficiently designing, developing and building a wide range of L-category vehicles from more close-to-the-market to radically new ones. This comprises a set of modular electrified powertrain components and subsystems for PHEVs and BEVs, modular bodies (within the same L-vehicle class), and an integrated modular co-simulation platform to guarantee re-usability, flexibility and sharing of components as well as subsystems for L-category vehicles. EU-LIVE will provide innovative solutions regarding cost-efficient, energy-efficient, low-emission and low-noise powertrains (in-wheel motors, novel highly efficient transmission for PHEV, 48V batteries \ electric board net ) and future-proof, flexible and scalable vehicle architectures. To leverage expertise beyond the consortium, an open innovation contest for a radically new light vehicle based on the EU-LIVE modular platform will be carried out. Eventually, both real and virtual full-vehicle demonstrators (L5e PHEV 3-wheeler beyond EURO 5, L3e BEV 2-wheeler, L6 BEV 4-wheeler) will be shown. By its modular approach and the efficient transfer of expertise from high-volume automotive to low-to-medium-volume light vehicle industry, EU-LIVE will enable economies of scale, therefore overcoming a major barrier to affordable light urban vehicles. Through its excellent partner consortium - including 2 OEMs and several key suppliers - EU-LIVE is able to credibly provide a clear route to market for a range of different L-category vehicles which feature series producibility, attractive cost-of-ownership, full comfort, safety and connectivity, for both European and non-European markets.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2013.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 10.05M | Year: 2013
NEWSPEC aims at the production of Carbon Fibres (CFs) through very promising low-cost sustainable polyethylene (PE) precursors. PE can be derived from three independent sources: bio-ethanol, synthetic oil and recycled plastics. A main attribute of this project is the use of an available pilot scale facility (HPFC) that allows design and optimization of continuous CF processing and, at a later date, easy scale up to a larger industrial size plant. For PE stabilisation an original dry oxidation method, assisted by Electron Beam Curing (EBC), that introduces heteroatoms at the precursor stage is proposed. The new approach has technical, economic and ecologic advantages thus ensuring very innovative and flexible development of new CFs. Novel strategies for the reduction of the graphitisation temperature via the use of nucleation agents such as cellulose nanowhiskers, CNTs and fine graphite powders are envisaged. The partners will also explore the possibility of surface modification via atmospheric plasma techniques and room-temperature grafting with specific surface-attacking chemicals. Online non-destructive laser Raman probe, that can provide in situ information for the development of the various fibre structures during the processing stages, will be developed and installed at HPFC. Specific carbon composite prototypes will be manufactured and tested by the end-users during the lifetime of the project to ensure the validation of CF functionality for the final components with this ensuring proper exploitation of results. To prove overall environmental and economic sustainability LCA and LCC are implemented within all phases of the project. NEWSPEC brings together the best available expertise in Europe for the development of the PE-CFs up to mature exploitable technology. It consists of RTD performers with well-documented experience in CFs development and industrial end-users who are specialist in the target market segments. Half of the partners are European SMEs.
Freni Brembo S.P.A. | Date: 2011-03-30
Caliper bodies for disc brakes are provided. Such caliper bodies are suitable for being arranged astride a disc for a disc brake. Calipers which include such caliper bodies are also provided.
Freni Brembo S.P.A. | Date: 2006-08-08
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IAPP | Award Amount: 2.06M | Year: 2013
Particulates, also known under the name of particulate matter (PM), are fine particles or soot. Particulate matter is frequently classified according to its size, i.e. PM10, PM2.5 and PM0.1 for particulates with an aerodynamic diameter D smaller than, respectively, 10 m, 2.5 m and 0.1 m. PM represent an hazard for human health. Very coarse particles (D > 10 m) are generally filtered in the nose and throat via cilia and mucus. Coarse particles (2.5 m < D < 10 m) can settle in the bronchi and lungs. Fine particles (0.1 m < D < 2,5 m) can easily penetrate into the lungs gas exchange regions, and they might cause vascular inflammation related diseases and possibly lung cancer. Ultrafine particles (D < 0.1 m) or nanoparticles might be even more dangerous, as they can reach intimate structure of tissues and organs and act as nucleations sites for cancer and degenerative pathologies.. Despite the emissions of PM2.5 and PM10 decreased by 16% and 21 respectively between 1999 and 2009, PM limits were exceeded widely across the EU area, a quite discouraging result. Whilst exhaust gases in the road transport are monitored and object of the European directives, less is known about the particulates originating from the wear of e.g. brakes and tyres. A recent study for the city of London regarding 2011 and future 2015 PM emissions, estimated a consistent increase of the PM wear emissions (brakes and tyres) with respect to the overall PM emissions: from 35% to 47% for PM10 and from 40% to 55% for PM2.5 The REBRAKE ultimate and tangible objectives aims at: i) at least 50% particulate matter (PM10) mass reduction from brake wear, in compliance with the EU2020 thematic strategy of 47% reduction of particulate matter by 2020; ii) deeper comprehension of the physical and chemical phenomena underlying the brake wear process, including higher comprehension and analysis of characteristics coarse, fine and UFP particles.