Cao Z.,Breast |
Zeng Q.,The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Peoples Hospital |
Oncology Letters | Year: 2016
It is well known that heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) overexpression is correlated with poor prognosis and chemo‑resistance in human malignant cancers. At the same time, wighteone, or 6‑prenyl‑5,7,4'‑trihydroxyisoflavone, a major isoflavone component of the ornamental tall tree Erythrina suberosa, has been demonstrated to exhibit a potent anti‑proliferative effect on human leukemia HL‑60 cancer cell lines. In this study, the effects of wighteone on the proliferation of HER2‑positive breast cancer cells were investigated, and the action mechanism was explored. MCF‑7 HER2‑positive breast cancer cells were treated with various concentrations of wighteone. The growth inhibitory rate of the cells was calculated by MTT assay, apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of HSP90 was assessed by western blot analysis. The addition of wighteone at concentrations ranging from 1‑10 g/ml in the medium for 48 h had a marked inhibition on the proliferation of HER2‑positive cancer cell lines. The growth inhibitory rates with 0.5, 2 or 8 mM wighteone were significantly higher compared with the control group. Apoptosis in the wighteone‑treated cells was also significantly higher compared with the control group. The expression level of HSP90 in the wighteone group was significantly lower than that in the control group. Our findings demonstrated that wighteone effectively inhibited the proliferation of HER2‑positive cancer cell lines, and this is considered to be the result of downregulating HSP90 receptor and downstream signaling. © 2016, Oncology Letters. All rights reserved.