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Rosell R.,Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol | Rosell R.,Breakthrough Cancer Research Unit | Rosell R.,Cancer Therapeutics Innovation Group | Bivona T.G.,Cancer Therapeutics Innovation Group | And 4 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2013

Non-small-cell lung cancer is often diagnosed at the metastatic stage, with median survival of just 1 year. The identification of driver mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as the primary oncogenic event in a subset of lung adenocarcinomas led to a model of targeted treatment and genetic profiling of the disease. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors confer remission in 60% of patients, but responses are short-lived. The pre-existing EGFR Thr790Met mutation could be a subclonal driver responsible for these transient responses. Overexpression of AXL and reduced MED12 function are hallmarks of resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors in EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer. Crosstalk between signalling pathways is another mechanism of resistance; therefore, identification of the molecular components involved could lead to the development of combination therapies cotargeting these molecules instead of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor monotherapy. Additionally, novel biomarkers could be identified through deep sequencing analysis of serial rebiopsies before and during treatment. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Molina-Vila M.A.,Breakthrough Cancer Research Unit | Bertran-Alamillo J.,Breakthrough Cancer Research Unit | Gasco A.,Quiron Dexeus University Hospital | Mayo-de-las-Casas C.,Breakthrough Cancer Research Unit | And 12 more authors.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research | Year: 2014

PURPOSE: TP53 mutations in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with worse survival but their prognostic role in advanced NSCLC is controversial. In addition, it remains unclear whether mutated patients represent a clinically homogeneous group.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We retrospectively examined TP53 mutations and outcome in a training cohort of 318 patients with stage IIIB-IV NSCLC: 125 epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type (wt) and 193 EGFR mutated (mut). An independent validation cohort of 64 EGFR-mut patients was subsequently analyzed. Mutations were classified as "disruptive" and "nondisruptive" according to their predicted degree of disturbance of the p53 protein structure and function.RESULTS: In the training cohort, TP53 mutations were found in 43 of the 125 EGFR-wt patients (34.4%). Of these, 28 had nondisruptive TP53 mutations and a median overall survival (OS) of 8.5 months, compared with 15.6 months for the remaining 97 patients (P=0.003). In the EGFR-mut group, TP53 mutations were found in 50 of the 193 patients (25.9%). The OS for the 26 patients with TP53 nondisruptive mutations was 17.8 months versus 28.4 months for the remaining 167 patients (P=0.04). In the validation cohort, the 11 patients with nondisruptive TP53 mutations had a median OS of 18.1 months compared with 37.8 months for the 53 remaining patients (P=0.006). In multivariate analyses, nondisruptive TP53 mutations had an independent, significant association with a shorter OS.CONCLUSIONS: Nondisruptive mutations in the TP53 gene are an independent prognostic factor of shorter survival in advanced NSCLC. ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research.

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