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Barroso P.A.V.,Brazilian Agriculture Research Coorporation | Hoffmann L.V.,Brazilian Agriculture Research Coorporation | de Freitas R.B.,Brazilian Agriculture Research Coorporation | de Araujo Batista C.E.,Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz | And 3 more authors.
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution | Year: 2010

Gossypium mustelinum Miers ex Watt is a native from Northeastern Brazil and belongs to the primary gene pool of the cultivated cotton. The unique places where the species was known to occur were visited to plan ex situ and in situ preservation. Two populations at Caicó became extinct, and only eleven individuals were found. At Jaguarari, although one population became extinct, a new one was localized with approximately 500 adult plants, where a fence avoided cattle feeding. The population from Macururé consisted of 28 plants protected from animals by thorns of Bromelia laciniosa Mart. ex Schult. f. Thirteen SSR primer pairs amplified 40 alleles, among which 30% were exclusive of one of the populations. The genetic differences between populations represented 58.3% of the total genetic variation observed. The high genetic distances are likely to be caused by geographical isolation as well as by the small number of individuals which contribute to new generations, and consequential genetic drift. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

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