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Brandon, Canada

Brandon University is a Canadian university located in the city of Brandon, Manitoba, with an enrollment of 2940 full-time and part-time undergraduate and graduate students. The current location was founded on July 13, 1899, as Brandon College as a Baptist institution. It was chartered as a university by then President Dr. John E. Robbins on June 5, 1967. The enabling legislation is the Brandon University Act The university is a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada and the Association of Commonwealth Universities , the Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate and a member of Canadian Interuniversity Sport. Brandon University has the smallest class sizes in Canada for first and second year students, and the second smallest class sizes in third and fourth year class . In the 2013 Macleans rankings of primarily undergraduate universities in Canada, Brandon University was ranked 16th out of 19. The university press, The Quill, is a member of CUP. Wikipedia.

Greenwood D.R.,Brandon University | Basinger J.F.,University of Saskatchewan | Smith R.Y.,University of Saskatchewan
Geology | Year: 2010

The Eocene was the warmest part of the Cenozoic, when warm climates extended into the Arctic, and substantive paleobotanical evidence indicates broadleaf and coniferous polar forests. Paleontological temperature proxies provide a basis for understanding Arctic early Paleogene climates; however, there is a lack of corresponding proxy data on precipitation. Both leaf physiognomic analysis and quantitative analysis of nearest living relatives of an Arctic macroflora indicate upper microthermal to lower mesothermal moist climates (mean annual temperature -13-15 °C; cold month mean temperature -4 °C; mean annual precipitation >120 cm/yr) for Axel Heiberg Island in the middle Eocene. Leaf-size analysis of Paleocene and Eocene Arctic floras demonstrates high precipitation for the Paleogene western and eastern Arctic. The predicted enormous volume of freshwater entering the Arctic Ocean as a result of northward drainage of a significant region of the Northern Hemisphere under a high-precipitation regime would have strongly affected Arctic Ocean salinity, potentially supporting Arctic Ocean Azolla blooms. High Paleogene precipitation around the Arctic Basin is consistent with high atmospheric humidity, which would have contributed significantly to polar, and global, Eocene warming. © 2010 Geological Society of America. Source

Kothes R.,National Research Council Canada | Foster T.,Brandon University
Astrophysical Journal Letters | Year: 2012

CTB109 is one of only three Galactic supernova remnants (SNRs) known to harbor an anomalous X-ray pulsar or magnetar. That makes this SNR an object of great importance and a prime target for high-energy astrophysics studies. Those studies rely heavily on the assumed distance to CTB109. There have been three major distance determinations over the last decade, all of which report completely different results. While chaotic distance determinations in the literature are not uncommon for SNRs as a class of object, the wild discrepancy in the distance to CTB109 makes it especially important to revisit and firmly resolve once and for all. In this Letter we bring to bear all available observational information and present a synthesis of evidence that consistently locates CTB109 within or close to the Perseus arm spiral shock, at a distance of 3.2±0.2kpc. © 2012. National Research Council Canada. All rights reserved. Source

Carrington M.E.,Brandon University | Carrington M.E.,Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

In this paper we derive a hierarchy of integral equations from the four-particle-irreducible effective action which have the form of Bethe-Salpeter equations. We show that the vertex functions defined by these equations can be used to truncate the exact renormalization-group flow equations. This truncation has the property that the flow is a total derivative with respect to the flow parameter. We also show that the truncation is equivalent to solving the n-particle-irreducible equations of motion. This result establishes a direct connection between two nonperturbative methods. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Fu W.-J.,Brandon University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

Effects of an external magnetic field on the fluctuations of quark number, fluctuations, and correlations of conserved charges, including baryon number, electric charge, and strangeness, are studied in the 2+1 flavor Polyakov-Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We find that a magnetic field increases fluctuations and correlations in the regime of chiral crossover. It makes the transition of quadratic fluctuations more abrupt, and the peak structure of quartic fluctuations more pronounced. Our calculations indicate that χ4B/χ2B, χ4Q/χ2Q, and χ11BQ are very sensitive to the external magnetic field and can possibly be used for probes for the strong magnetic field produced in the early stage of noncentral collisions. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Fu W.-J.,Brandon University
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

Within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity is calculated to the first nontrivial order in the 1/Nc expansion with Φ-derivable approximations. The two-particle irreducible effective action is computed to next-to-leading order, from which the integral equations for the 3- and 4-point vertices are obtained. These sum infinite sets of diagrams contributing to the shear viscosity at the same order in the 1/Nc expansion. We find that the shear viscosity decreases rapidly when the chiral crossover is approached. Comparing with the hadron phase, the quark-gluon plasma phase has a low shear viscosity, which is consistent with the measurements. The ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density is also calculated. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

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