Warrenville, IL, United States
Warrenville, IL, United States

Time filter

Source Type

Grimm S.A.,Brain & Spine Tumor Center | Chamberlain M.C.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
CNS oncology | Year: 2015

Oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade 2) and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade 3) are glial tumors composed of neoplastic cellular elements that resemble oligodendrocytes. The treatment of recurrent, alkylator refractory oligodendroglial tumors is challenging given the paucity of effective treatment and lack of randomized controlled trials on which to base therapy. Notwithstanding the lack of prospective, randomized data, treatment of oligodendroglial tumors with bevacizumab can be recommended tentatively recognizing that preliminary studies suggest efficacy. Somatic mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase enzymes (IDH1 and IDH2) appear to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of most oligodendroglial tumors and agents that target these mutations are a potential therapeutic option. Additionally, reversal of CpG island hypermethylated phenotype status through inhibition of DNA methyltransferase with an inhibitor such as decitabine may provide a target for future studies.


PubMed | Brain & Spine Tumor Center and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: CNS oncology | Year: 2015

Oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade 2) and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade 3) are glial tumors composed of neoplastic cellular elements that resemble oligodendrocytes. The treatment of recurrent, alkylator refractory oligodendroglial tumors is challenging given the paucity of effective treatment and lack of randomized controlled trials on which to base therapy. Notwithstanding the lack of prospective, randomized data, treatment of oligodendroglial tumors with bevacizumab can be recommended tentatively recognizing that preliminary studies suggest efficacy. Somatic mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase enzymes (IDH1 and IDH2) appear to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of most oligodendroglial tumors and agents that target these mutations are a potential therapeutic option. Additionally, reversal of CpG island hypermethylated phenotype status through inhibition of DNA methyltransferase with an inhibitor such as decitabine may provide a target for future studies.

Loading Brain & Spine Tumor Center collaborators
Loading Brain & Spine Tumor Center collaborators