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Seoul, South Korea

Kim E.H.,Yonsei Brain Research Institute | Kim E.H.,Institute of Endocrinology | Oh M.C.,Yonsei Brain Research Institute | Oh M.C.,Institute of Endocrinology | And 5 more authors.
Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: The suppression of the growth hormone (GH) on an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been accepted as the most reliable parameter for determining remission of acromegaly. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of immediate postoperative GH level and 1-week postoperative OGTT as early predictive tools of long-term surgical remission. METHODS: One hundred ninety-four acromegalic patients who received transsphenoidal tumor resection and were followed up for > 1.5 years (3.80 ± 0.17 years) with at least 3 postoperative OGTTs were evaluated. Level of GH was measured 2, 6, 12, 18, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively, and an OGTT was performed 1 week after surgery, every 6 months for the first 3 years, and annually thereafter. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-seven patients underwent gross total resection; long-term remission was achieved in 153. The GH level at 24 hours after surgery showed the highest predictive power for long-term remission. Long-term remission was maintained in 125/127 (98.4%) patients who had nadir GH levels < 1.0 μg/L on an early postoperative OGTT. However, when nadir GH levels were > 1.0 μg/L on an early postoperative OGTT, long-term remission was observed in 28 patients (28 of 67, 41.8%) in a delayed fashion. One-week postoperative OGTT had a sensitivity of 81.7% and specificity of 95.1% for predicting remission. CONCLUSION: Immediate postoperative GH level is a very good predictor of long-term outcome in acromegaly. One-week postoperative OGTT is also a good predictor with high specificity. These findings may provide critical information for the determination of adjuvant treatment after surgery. Copyright © 2011 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Source

Park J.K.,Yonsei Brain Research Institute
Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

Surgical indications for Rathke cleft cyst are not clear. To evaluate postoperative outcomes in terms of endocrine function. The study analyzed a total 73 patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery. All patients underwent a visual field test, combined pituitary function test, and magnetic resonance imaging before and after surgery. A follow-up combined pituitary function test was performed at 1.5-year intervals. The mean age at the time of surgery was 35 ± 14 years, and the male/female ratio was 1:1.25 (33/40). The mean follow-up duration after surgery was 59 ± 39 months. The most common symptoms were headache (84%), visual disturbance (48%), and polyuria (38%). After transsphenoidal surgery, 75% of polyuria and 96% of visual field defects were resolved, and pituitary function improved in 42% of patients. The mean age of patients who exhibited worsened hypopituitarism was significantly higher than that of patients who exhibited unchanged or improved hypopituitarism (44 ± 15.7 vs 33 ± 13.5 years; P = .02). Twelve patients (16%) experienced recollection of cyst, but none required reoperation. Five of the recollected cysts presented with characteristics that were different from those of the initial lesions, and 2 recollected cysts underwent spontaneous regression. Minimal incision with radical removal of cyst content is reasonable to prevent the development of endocrine disturbances and other complications. Individualized risks and benefits must be assessed before a decision is reached regarding surgery and surgical method. Patients with recurrent Rathke cleft cyst require careful follow-up with special attention rather than a hasty operation. Source

Ku C.R.,Yonsei University | Ku C.R.,Institute of Endocrine Research | Kim E.H.,Yonsei Brain Research Institute | Kim E.H.,Yonsei University | And 9 more authors.
Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND:: Extensive data exist regarding the success rates and long-term outcomes of transsphenoidal adenomectomy (TSA) of growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary tumors; however, few data exist regarding the extent of adenomectomy. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate surgical outcomes for the treatment of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas with regard to the extent of adenomectomy. METHODS:: A retrospective study of 282 patients with GH-secreting pituitary tumors who underwent TSA. Three surgical paradigms (1, 2, and 3) were applied, all of which differed in extent of adenomectomy. All participants were evaluated with oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) at 6-month intervals for 1.5 years and combined pituitary function tests at 1.5-year intervals after TSA. All surgeries were conducted by a single neurosurgeon at a single medical center. Biochemical remission was defined with insulinlike growth factor 1 and OGTT results. RESULTS:: The overall surgical remission rates were 89%, 87%, 64%, 70%, and 50% (nadir GH <1 ng/mL on OGTTs: 96%, 95%, 73%, 84%, and 56%) for modified Hardy classifications I, II, IIIA, IIIB, and IV, respectively. The remission rates for modified Hardy classification I-IIIB improved to 42%, 68%, and 84% after application of surgical paradigms 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P = .002). Aggressive surgical resection did not worsen hypopituitarism. Among the 42 patients with modified Hardy classification IV, 24 (57%) achieved remission without recurrence after applying the aggressive paradigm 3 surgery. CONCLUSION:: An aggressive surgical approach may be critical to managing GH-secreting pituitary adenomas and does not increase the risk of postoperative hypopituitarism. © 2012 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Source

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