Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 493.83K | Year: 2009
The deposition of inorganic scale onto production equipment is a major flow asssurance issue in oil and gas production. The major drivers for the project are economics and safety which are both affected by the current limitations in scale prediction at engineering component surfaces. Prediction of the thermodynamic tendency of scale is now fairly advanced but there is an urgent need to address an area of real concern - the kinetics of scale deposition at engineering surfaces. This collaborative project, led by an operator and involving a company specialised in water and well sampling and a university with experience in scale research, will deliver the first scale deposition model and will advance scale management to a new level. Measurements in realistic conditions will be made and will be used to develop the semi-empirical model which will be refined by the input of real well data. The final tool to predict surface scaling will be exploited as an additional module to an existing thermodynamic precipitation model which is widely accepted by industry (MULTISCALE) through Expro. The specific objectives are: - to assess the scale kinetics at realistic temperatures and pressures on various substrates and covering a range of conditions (e.g brine chemistry, temperature, flow regime); - to develop a fundamental understanding of the surface/fluid interactions in scale deposition using multi-scale modelling and experimental techniques; - to develop and validate the first scale deposition kinetic model for carbonate scale.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 808.08K | Year: 2009
Project summary as requested (based on project abstract edited to 1199 character length): The main prize sought by this project is improved economic recovery of the UKs oil and gas resources, by developing and deploying software which will improve both BPs and the wider UK oil industrys ability to manage uncertainty and risk in field development and operation. This will be accomplished by integrating the following elements: 1) Domain-specialist expertise from BP, a major oil company, with its own leading uncertainty assessment technology, Top-Down Reservoir Modelling (TDRM™). 2) Recent specific advances and expertise in optimisation and machine learning from the School of Mathematical and Computational Sciences at Heriot-Watt 3) Uncertainty quantification expertise from Petroleum Engineering at Heriot Watt and route to market through its spin-out company Epistemy. The critical success factor for this project will be an intense and time-limited collaboration, in the same geography, between a major operator (BP) and a University (Heriot-Watt and its spin-out company Epistemy), focused on development and application of state of the art methods to real business problems. The technology will be field-tested by deployment within BPs portfolio using their pre-existing TDRM™ framework.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-5.1-04 | Award Amount: 3.14M | Year: 2008
The proposed project CAESAR is building on work currently performed with the FP6 IP CACHET. One of the four pre combustion CO2 capture technologies that are being developed in CACHET is the Sorption Enhanced Water Gas Shift (SEWGS) process. The SEWGS process produces hot, high pressure H2 in a catalytic CO shift reactor with simultaneous adsorption of CO2 on a high temperature adsorbent. The system operates in a cyclic manner with steam for adsorbent regeneration. The overall objective of proposed project CAESAR is the reduction of energy penalty and costs of the SEWGS CO2 capture process through optimization of sorbent materials, reactor- and process design. It is emphasized that with an optimized SEWGS process CO2 avoidance cost could be reduced to < 15/ton CO2. CAESAR takes into account the lessons learned in CACHET in order to bring the SEWGS process a big step closer to the market. To achieve this, CAESAR takes a necessary step back such that novel, more efficient CO2 sorbents with regeneration steam/CO2 ratios less 2 will be developed. This value is needed to bring the CO2 avoidance costs to about 15 /ton. Heat integration and the use of sorbent coatings can further enhance the efficiency. CAESAR will focus on the application of the optimized SEWGS process for pre combustion CO2 capture from natural gas. However the scope of application of SEWGS will be broadened to application in coal gas and industrial processes. A design for a pilot unit will be delivered for these applications. There is a clear delimitation between CACHET and CAESAR. The emphasis in CACHET was placed on demonstrating the SEWGS process on a larger scale in a continuous, multi-bed SEWGS process demonstrator. CAESAR goes one step further in taking boundary conditions as to cost and efficiency into account. This urges for better sorbents, reactor and process design.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 5.24M | Year: 2010
Hydrogen membrane reactors are an attractive technology for pre-combustion carbon dioxide capture in both coal and gas fired power stations because they combine the efficient conversion of syngas into hydrogen fuel with capture of the remaining carbon dioxide in one reactor. The carbon dioxide is produced at high pressure, reducing the compression energy for transport and storage. CACHET II project will develop innovative metallic membranes and modules for high capacity hydrogen production and separation from a number of fuel sources including natural gas and coal. The DICP membrane developed in FP6 project CACHET along with novel seal and substrate technology will be scaled up and undergo long term stability testing. An optimisation design tool will be built to include the relationship of all key operating parameters; this tool will be used to specify an optimised pilot and commercial membrane module design. The project will research novel binary and tertiary palladium alloys for improved durability and permeance for application to solid based fuels derived syngas and high temperature integrated reforming processes. Fundamental research on high temperature sulphur removal systems will enable sulphur tolerant membranes to become an economic possibility.