Hull, United Kingdom
Hull, United Kingdom

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A process for the production of dimethyl ether from gaseous mixtures of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and methyl acetate contaminant comprising contacting a gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and methyl acetate contaminant in a first scrubbing zone with a first portion of methanol to recover a scrubbed gaseous mixture depleted in methyl acetate and a first used methanol stream containing methyl acetate; contacting the scrubbed gaseous mixture in a second scrubbing zone with a second portion of methanol to recover a scrubbed gaseous mixture further depleted in methyl acetate and a second used methanol stream containing no methyl acetate or a reduced amount of methyl acetate compared to the first used methanol stream; dehydrating at least a portion of the second used methanol stream in the presence of at least one catalyst to produce a crude dehydration reaction product comprising dimethyl ether, unconverted methanol and water; recovering from the crude dehydration product a water stream comprising mainly water and 3 mol % or less acetic acid and a dimethyl ether stream.


In process for the hydrolysis of a methyl acetate with at least one of water and methanol in the presence of at least one Brnsted acid catalyst to produce acetic acid the performance of the catalyst is improved by using a methyl acetate feed in which the total amount of acetaldehyde and 1,1 dimethoxyethane impurities is maintained at 100 pm wt or less calculated as mass equivalents of acetaldehyde.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2015-06-12

A process for removing acetaldehyde from a mixture of methyl acetate, dimethyl ether and acetaldehyde comprising distilling mixtures derived from carbonylating dimethyl ether in the presence of a zeolite catalyst to generate an overhead stream depleted in acetaldehyde as compared to the feed mixture, a base stream depleted in acetaldehyde as compared to the feed mixture and a sidedraw stream enriched in acetaldehyde as compared to the feed mixture and withdrawing from the column the sidedraw stream enriched in acetaldehyde at a point above the feed point of the feed mixture to the column. Purified mixtures may be utilised as feedstock to processes for the co-production of acetic acid and dimethyl ether.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-01-17

A process for treating a zeolite catalyst for the carbonylation of dimethyl ether to produce methyl acetate in which the catalyst is contacted with a treatment gas comprising water vapour in an amount of at least 1 mol % and at a temperature below which dealumination of the zeolite structure occurs.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-03-06

A process for preparing methyl acetate by the carbonylation of dimethyl ether with carbon monoxide in the presence of hydrogen and a zeolite catalyst wherein, in a first step the carbonylation is conducted with a carbon monoxide to hydrogen molar ratio of at least 1 and in a second and subsequent step, the carbonylation is conducted with a hydrogen to carbon monoxide molar ratio of greater than 1.


Patent
BP Chemicals Ltd | Date: 2014-03-06

A process for the production of methyl acetate by carbonylating dimethyl ether with carbon monoxide in the presence of hydrogen and a zeolite catalyst wherein the process is carried out with a molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide of at least 1 and the catalyst has been calcined at a temperature of from about 375 C. to about 475 C.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-02-13

Crystalline zeolites having a FER framework type wherein the crystallites have a dimension in the c-axis of about 500 nanometres (nm) or less, a method for their preparation and a process for the co-production of acetic acid and dimethyl ether comprising the step of contacting methyl acetate and methanol in the presence of catalysts comprising the crystalline zeolites.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-03-06

A catalyst and process for the production of methyl acetate by contacting dimethyl ether and carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst which is a zeolite of micropore volume of 0.01 ml/g or less.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-03-06

A continuous process for the co-production of acetic acid and acetic anhydride by (a) contacting carbon monoxide with a liquid reaction composition comprising methyl acetate, dimethyl ether or a mixture thereof, a Group VIII metal catalyst, methyl iodide, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, water in a concentration of 0.1 wt % or less, (b) withdrawing liquid reaction composition from the reaction zone and introducing at least a portion of the withdrawn liquid reaction composition into a flash separation zone, and (c) removing from the flash separation zone a vapour fraction comprising acetic anhydride, acetic acid and methyl iodide and a liquid fraction comprising acetic anhydride, and Group VIII metal catalyst in which at least one of the liquid reaction composition and the withdrawn liquid reaction composition introduced into the flash separation zone comprises at least one metal salt selected from salts of Group IA and Group IIA metals and the molar ratio of acetic acid to acetic anhydride in the vapour fraction removed from the flash separation zone is maintained at greater than or equal to 1, preferably greater than or equal to 1.2.


Patent
BP CHEMICALS Ltd | Date: 2014-03-06

A process for preparing methyl acetate by the carbonylation of dimethyl ether with carbon monoxide in the presence of hydrogen and a zeolite catalyst wherein, in a first step the carbonylation is conducted with a carbon monoxide to hydrogen molar ratio of at least 1 and in a second and subsequent step, the carbonylation is conducted with a hydrogen to carbon monoxide molar ratio of greater than 1.

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