Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan

Shizuoka-shi, Japan

Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan

Shizuoka-shi, Japan
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Kuse H.,Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan | Ogawa T.,Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan | Nakamura N.,Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan | Nakayama Y.,Bozo Research Center Inc. Japan | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Toxicological Sciences | Year: 2011

This study was designed to evaluate changes in auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the course of auditory disturbance in rats induced by Kanamycin (KM). KM was administered subcutaneously to 12 CD (SD) male rats aged 6 weeks for 10 days at a dose of 800 mg/kg. Death was observed in one male on day 8 and 2 males on day 10. It was thought that kidney damage was the cause of death from histopathological findings. ABR was recorded before KM treatment and on days 4, 8, 10 and 11 after KM treatment. The ABR changes after KM treatment in rats were as follows. On day 4, 6 rats showed an increase in amplitude of waves I and/or II and on day 8, among those, 4 rats still showed a high amplitude of waves I and/or II. On day 8, 2 rats showed an elevation of ABR threshold (15-40 dB SPL) and a decrease in amplitude of wave I and increase in amplitude of wave II at the same time. On day 11, 7 rats showed a decrease in amplitude of wave I. In addition, ABR threshold shifts(10-70 dB SPL) were observed in those rats. In ABR recording, KM-induced auditory disturbance model rats showed an increase in amplitude of waves I and/or II earlier than an ABR threshold shift. By analyzing temporal alteration of amplitude of the ABR components, we could detect precursory phenomenon of the auditory disturbance at an early phase of treatment. By following the pathway of click-ABR and tone pip-ABR examination, the auditory disturbance of low- frequency to high-frequency range could be analyzed at an early date in detail.

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