Takano M.,Bozo Research Center |
Katsumata Y.,Bozo Research Center |
Ogawa J.,Bozo Research Center |
Ebata T.,Bozo Research Center |
And 4 more authors.
Congenital Anomalies | Year: 2012
IS-Tlk/Kyo, a rat mutant strain derived from IS/Kyo strain, exhibits a kinked and/or short tail, in addition to a congenital anomaly of the lumbar vertebrae that is a hallmark of IS/Kyo rats. Homozygotes (Tlk/Tlk) of Tlk dominant gene are known to die during embryonic development. The present report deals with the morphological features of heterozygous IS-Tlk/Kyo rat fetuses in comparison with those of IS/Kyo rat fetuses. One of the morphological features was a high incidence of tail vertebral anomalies in IS-Tlk rats (81.6% versus 0% in IS/Kyo rats). Significantly low values in number of live fetuses and ossified 5th sternebra and sacral and caudal vertebrae were observed in IS-Tlk/Kyo rats compared with those in IS/Kyo rats as well as a low incidence of fetuses with ventral septal defects in IS-Tlk/Kyo (0% versus 54.4% in IS rats). These results suggest that the Tlk gene may be involved in the formation of the vertebral centra and the ventral septum when it expresses on the genetic background of the IS rat. © 2011 The Authors. Congenital Anomalies © 2011 Japanese Teratology Society.
Urasoko Y.,Bozo Research Center |
He X.J.,University of Tokyo |
Masao T.,Bozo Research Center |
Kinoshita Y.,Bozo Research Center |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science | Year: 2012
This study measured blood parameters, particularly those related to coagulation, and alterations in the expression levels of blood-coagulation- related genes in lactating Sprague-Dawley rats. The day of delivery was designated as lactation day 0 (LD 0). On the day after delivery (LD 1), prothrombin time and overall activity of vitamin-K-dependent coagulation factors were decreased, whereas fibrinogen contents, platelet counts and antithrombin III concentrations were increased as compared with those in nonpregnant rats. In addition, hepatic expression of blood-coagulation-related genes in the liver was increased at LD 0 as compared with that in nonpregnant rats. These changes may be physiologic responses to prevent prolonged bleeding at delivery. Except for fibrinogen content, which remained elevated, the described changes returned to baseline on and after LD 7. Activities of AST, ALT, and ALP were increased on LD 7, 14, and 21 as compared with nonpregnant rats. In contrast, total protein, albumin, Cl, and Ca were consistently lower on LD 7, 14, or 21 as compared with levels in nonpregnant rats. These results provide background data for evaluation of nursing rats. Copyright 2012 by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science.
Asano Y.,Bozo Research Center |
Ishikura T.,Bozo Research Center |
Kudoh K.,Bozo Research Center |
Haneda R.,Bozo Research Center |
Endoh T.,Bozo Research Center
Drug and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2011
Ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) is commonly used as an oxygenated gasoline additive. In this study, the prenatal developmental toxicity of ETBE was determined in rabbits. New Zealand white rabbits were given ETBE by gavage at 100, 300, or 1,000 mg/kg/day on gestational days (GDs) 6-27, and the pregnancy outcome was determined on GD 28. Neither death nor abortion occurred in the pregnant rabbits at any dose. Slightly and significantly suppressed maternal body-weight gain and transiently decreased maternal food consumption were found at 1,000 mg/kg/day during the administration period. At this dose, no changes in clinical or macroscopic finding were noted in dams. No treatment-related changes were observed in any dam treated at 300 mg/kg/day or less. There was no significant effect of ETBE on the numbers of corpora lutea, implantations, live fetuses, resorptions and dead fetuses, incidences of pre- and postimplantation loss, viability of fetuses, fetal body weight, sex ratio of fetuses, or weights of gravid uteri. No significant difference was detected in the incidences of fetuses with malformations or variations between the ETBE-treated and control groups. Also, no adverse effects on the progress of ossification were noted in fetuses of dams given ETBE. Based on these findings, it is concluded that the no observed adverse effect levels of ETBE were 300 mg/kg/day for dams and 1,000 mg/kg/day for fetuses in rabbits. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.