Iwo, Nigeria
Iwo, Nigeria

Bowen University is a private Nigerian university owned and operated by the Nigerian Baptist Convention. Bowen University is located at Iwo in Osun State and is housed in the old 1,300-acre campus of the Baptist College, a teacher-training institution on a beautiful hill just outside the city. Bowen University opened on November 4, 2002 as a residential institution with fewer than 500 students. It has a current enrollment of about 5,000 students and a target capacity of at least 20,500 students. The idea of a Nigerian Baptist university was conceived in 1938 and endorsed in 1957 by the Nigerian Baptist Convention.The university is named in honor of Rev. Thomas Jefferson Bowen, the first American Baptist missionary from the Southern Baptist Convention who arrived in Nigeria in 1850 and started work in the southwestern city of Abeokuta.Bowen University is "conceived as a centre of learning and research of distinction, combining academic excellence with love of humanity, borne out of a God-fearing attitude, in accordance with the Baptist tradition of ethical behavior, social responsibility and democratic ethos".Philosophy:The University is conceived as a centre of learning and research of distinction; combining academic excellence with love of humanity, borne out of a God-fearing attitude, in accordance with the Baptist tradition of ethical behaviour, social responsibility and democratic ethos. The guiding philosophy of the University is Excellence and Godliness.The Motto:The motto of the University is “Excellence and Godliness”. This emphasizes the importance the University attaches to the attainment of excellence imbued with Godliness in all its programmes and training. This motto is the principle underpinning all academic pursuits in the University. Wikipedia.

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Zhang L.,Beijing Normal University | Zhang L.,Bowen University | Zhao J.,Beijing Normal University | Zhu J.,Beijing Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Soft Matter | Year: 2012

Anisotropic tough hydrogels are of great importance in biomedical fields. Tough poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogels with anisotropic porous structure and mechanical properties are obtained with a facile directional freezing-thawing (DFT) technique. The PVA gels have an aligned porous structure, with long aligned channels in the direction parallel to the freezing direction and pores with similar sizes in the perpendicular direction. The degree of crystallinity of the freeze-dried PVA hydrogels increases with number of DFT cycles, and it can reach 55.8%. The PVA hydrogels have excellent mechanical properties, as exhibited by the high tensile strengths (0.3-1.2 MPa), medium moduli (0.03-0.10 MPa) and high fracture energies (160-420 J m-2) of the gels with solid contents of 10-12%. More importantly, the gels exhibit significant anisotropy in the mechanical properties, and their tensile strengths, moduli and fracture energies are higher in the perpendicular direction than those in the parallel direction. Anisotropic mechanical behaviors can also be found in the cyclic tensile tests of the PVA hydrogels. The anisotropic mechanical properties of the DFT PVA hydrogels could be attributed to the oriented arrangement of crystalline regions along the direction perpendicular to the direction of freezing. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.

Osamor P.E.,Bowen University
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2010

Background: Hypertension is a common non communicable condition worldwide. In developing countries (including Nigeria), the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common. This study investigated the frequency and factors associated with use of CAM among hypertensive subjects in an urban Nigerian community. Perspectives about the management of hypertension were obtained from CAM practitioners in the community.Methods: Four hundred and forty hypertensive subjects in Idikan community, Ibadan, were interviewed using a semi-structured survey instrument. Association between categorical variables was tested using the chi-square test. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify independent predictor variables of CAM use, with CAM use as the outcome variable and the demographic and belief items as predictor variables. In-depth interviews were conducted with all known CAM practitioners in the community on issues relating to their beliefs, knowledge, practice and experiences in managing patients with hypertension in the community.Results: In the study sample, 29% used CAM in the management of their hypertension. Among those using CAM, the most common forms used were herbs (63%) and garlic (21%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that four variables were independent predictors of CAM use: being male (OR 2.58, p < 0.0001), belief in supernatural causes of hypertension (OR 2.11, p = 0.012), lack of belief that hypertension is preventable (OR 0.57, p = 0.014) and having a family history of hypertension (OR1.78, p = 0.042). Other factors such as age, educational level and occupation were not independent predictors of CAM use. Interviews with CAM practitioners revealed that they believed hypertension was caused by evil forces, stress or "too much blood in the body". They also thought they could cure hypertension but that reduced costs (compared to hospitals) was one of the reasons most of their clients consult them.Conclusions: The use of CAM is common among hypertensive subjects in this urban Nigerian community. Men were more than twice as likely to use CAM and belief in supernatural causes of hypertension was the most notable belief predicting CAM use. Interviews with CAM practitioners yielded useful perspectives about the role they play in hypertension management in the community. This study adds to the small but growing literature about the use of CAM in hypertension in sub Saharan Africa. Further studies in hypertension and other non communicable disease are needed. © 2010 Osamor and Owumi; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Ipeaiyeda A.R.,University of Ibadan | Dawodu M.O.,Bowen University
Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

The release of heavy metals (Cu, Mn, Fe and Zn) from three different tea samples prepared in four mug types was investigated to assess the human exposure to such heavy metals. The percentage of available element to the human system was calculated as elemental transfer. Elemental transfer as high as 54±21% for Mn, 57±17% for Fe, 78±14% for Zn and 67±17% for Cu were obtained. Calculation of percentage available Mn, Fe, Zn and Cu revealed that tea is a rich source of dietary elements whose levels would not constitute a potential health hazard except Mn. The levels of Mn leached out from tea samples were above the WHO permissible limit. The concentrations of Mn, Fe, Zn and Cu decreased with infusion times showing that their solubiliites in the first infusion were the highest followed by the second and third infusions in decreasing order.

Atobatele O.E.,Bowen University | Ugwumba O.A.,University of Ibadan
African Journal of Aquatic Science | Year: 2010

Spatial and seasonal variation in macrozoobenthic composition, abundance and diversity in Aiba Reservoir were investigated bimonthy between June 2004 and April 2005 using a van Veen grab. A depauperate fauna of nine taxa was recorded. Generally, larger numbers of taxa were recorded during the dry season than in the wet season. Melanoides tuberculata and chironomid larvae dominated the macrozoobenthos and showed wide spatial distribution. Diversity and evenness were lower during the wet season than in the dry season, when densities of the major species were low. Melanoides tuberculata and chironomid larvae were recorded from maximum depths of 3.9 m and 2.6 m, respectively. Both taxa were also recorded from all substrate texture types, regardless of the amount of macrophyte material present. The benthic fauna is characterised as being poor in terms of density, taxonomic richness and diversity. © NISC (Pty) Ltd.

Osamor P.E.,Bowen University | Owumi B.E.,University of Ibadan
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition | Year: 2011

Hypertension is an important condition among adults, affecting nearly one billion people worldwide. Treatment with appropriate medication is a key factor in the control of hypertension and reduction in associated risk of complications. However, compliance with treatment is often sub-optimal, especially in developing countries. The present study investigated the factors associated with self-reported compliance among hypertensive subjects in a poor urban community in southwest Nigeria. This community-based crosssectional study employed a survey of a convenience sample of 440 community residents with hypertension and eight focus-group discussions (FGDs) with a subset of the participants. Of the 440 hypertensive respondents, 65.2% were women, about half had no formal education, and half were traders. Over 60% of the respondents sought care for their condition from the hospital while only 5% visited a chemist or a patent medicine vendor (PMV). Only 51% of the subjects reported high compliance. Factors associated with high self-reported compliance included: regular clinic attendance, not using non-Western prescription medication, and having social support from family members or friends who were concerned about the respondent's hypertension or who were helpful in reminding the respondent about taking medication. Beliefs about cause of hypertension were not associated with compliance. The findings of the FGDs showed that the respondents believed hypertension is curable with the use of both orthodox and traditional medicines and that a patient who 'feels well' could stop using antihypertensive medication. It is concluded that treatment compliance with antihypertensive medication remains sub-optimal in this Nigerian community. The factors associated with high self-reported compliance were identified. More research is needed to evaluate how such findings can be used for the control of hypertension at the community level. © International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Makinde F.M.,Bowen University | Akinoso R.,University of Ibadan
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2013

Sesame (Sesamum indicum Linn) is an underutilized oil seed in Nigeria. Two high yielding sesame seed cultivars (White -NCRI-98-60 and black-NCRI-97-28) were used in this study. Proximate composition, minerals, vitamins and anti nutritional factors of whole seeds, dehulled seeds and hulls were determined. Also, effects of processing namely soaking, germination, autoclaving, roasting and cooking) on the anti nutritional factors were determined for whole and dehulled seeds. The ranges of proximate composition for whole sesame cultivars were: moisture 4.18-5.41%, fat 45.6-46.1%, protein 21.9-23.6%, crude fibre 4.70-7.15%, ash 6.16-7.34% and carbohydrate 10.8-17.0%. Dehulled sesame cultivars had protein (25.3-26.8%), fat (47.7-49.9%) and carbohydrates (9.7-12.4%). The hulls however contain lowest amount of protein, fat and carbohydrate. Calcium was highest (473.6-521.9 mg/100 g) followed by phosphorus (466.0-482.8 mg/100 g) and potassium (465.7-468.8 mg/100 g) in whole seeds compared with lower values observed for dehulled seeds and hulls. The whole seeds also had values of thiamine and riboflavin with a range of 0.71-0.83 and 0.36-0.38 mg/100 g, respectively. The whole seeds of the cultivars contained the highest level of anti-nutrients. Processing treatment were observed to decrease the phytate and oxalate contents significantly (p < 0.05) in both whole and dehulled cultivars with a maximum reduction observed after germination.

Atobatele O.E.,Bowen University | Olutona G.O.,Bowen University
Toxicology Reports | Year: 2015

The distribution of non-essential trace elements in some vital organs of 11 fish species from Aiba Reservoir, Iwo, Nigeria was assessed between November 2010 and June 2011. The fish species belong to seven families; family Mormyridae, family Cyprinidae, family Hepsetidae and family Channidae each with one species; family Bagridae and family Clariidae each with two species; and family Cichlidae with three species. All families, except Clariidae and Channidae, are common in the daily catch from the reservoir. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry was used to determine the levels of cadmium, mercury and lead in fish organs. The concentration of toxic trace metals in fish ranged from 0.001 to 0.100. ppm (Cd), 0.000-0.067. ppm (Hg) and 0.001-0.125. ppm (Pb) dry weight. This study shows similarity (p > 0.05) in the distribution of Cd, Hg and Pb among fish species; and a non-uniform distribution of toxic trace metals within fish organs with Kidney > Liver > Gill. ≥. Intestine. ≥. Muscle. Canonical variate analysis shows clear discrimination of Clarias macromystax and Channa obscura for gill trace metal levels of Cd, Hg and Pb while Labeo senegalensis and Oreochromis niloticus were discriminated for liver trace metal values of Cd and Pb only when compared to other fish species studied. The discrimination of some fish species based on trace metals in the gills and liver suggests different regulatory strategies for trace metal accumulation. Variation due to comparison among different fish species from the same water body suggests that accumulation may be species dependent. Differential accumulation of toxic trace metals in fish organs makes them good bioindicators of freshwater contamination. © 2015.

Ajayi O.O.,Covenant University | Ajayi O.O.,Bowen University
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

The study critically assessed the various policy issues of sustainable energy development in Nigeria. The basic focus was to discuss and analyze some of the laws of the federation as it relates to the development of Renewable Energy in Nigeria. It surveyed the nation's energy policy statement and the vision 20:2020 of the federal government. The Renewable Energy Master Plan developed by the joint efforts of the Energy Commission of Nigeria and United Nations Development Programs were also appraised. The level of development and the index of renewable energy production as stated by the policy statement, the vision 20:2020 and the Renewable Energy Master Plan were highlighted. The study found some policy challenges which include weak government motivation, lack of economic incentives, multiple taxations, non-existent favorable customs and excise duty act to promote renewable energy technologies. Further to this, some legal reforms which may aid the promotion of renewable energy development in Nigeria and also make robust the nation's energy policy were proposed. Some of the laws that require amendment to promote renewable energy include the land use act, environmental impact assessment decree and the investment laws of the federation of Nigeria. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Oguntunji A.O.,Bowen University | Alabi O.M.,Bowen University
World's Poultry Science Journal | Year: 2010

In spite of the large amounts of money invested in research, breeding, and the improvement of commercial egg-type strains, high environmental temperature (HET) has been identified as a major non-genetic constraint limiting expression of their full genetic potential. This environmental stressor has been implicated in adverse marked effects on egg production and eggshell quality of hens. Reports have conclusively indicated that poor performance (i.e. drop in egg production and poor eggshell quality) of layers reared in thermally-stressed environments could be adduced to a complex interplay of low feed intake, malfunctioning of the endocrine system, acid-base imbalance and poor physiological functioning of organs and mechanisms connected with the entire egg production process, via follicular recruitment and growth, ovulation, egg formation, shell formation, egg development, oviposition and oviposition interval. © 2010 World's Poultry Science Association.

Olajide A.A.,Bowen University
Journal of Information and Knowledge Management | Year: 2015

The purpose of the work was to investigate the use of Social media (SM) platform among Nigerian Librarians as a Knowledge management (KM) tool. The methodology employed for this work is descriptive research design using a self-developed questionnaire which is carefully compared with available literatures. 26 different tertiary institutions (Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Education, School of Nursing) covering four states in the south west Nigeria were used. Frequency count using tables, graph and charts were adopted for the analysis. From the analysis of the result, it was found that librarians have good background knowledge of SM but continuous professional development (CPD) attendance on it is just average and there seems to be more of personal interest by the librarians to learn about KM. The level of knowledge of SM as a KM tool is very high but the practice is just average, also the level of knowledge of usage of SM as KM tool is just average. On the issue of KM practices performed through SM, the sampled response is in-between. On the issue of Challenges: infrastructure, training knowledge and cost are the major ones faced by Nigerian librarians. Based on the findings, recommendations were made to improve the knowledge and skills about SM and KM together with how to use SM as a KM tool. © 2015 World Scientific Publishing Co.

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