Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem

Berlin, Germany

Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem

Berlin, Germany

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Lucking R.,Science and Education | Johnston M.K.,Science and Education | Aptroot A.,ABL Herbarium | Kraichak E.,Science and Education | And 26 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2014

Recent studies of the global diversity of the lichenized fungal family Graphidaceae suggest that there are a large number of species remaining to be discovered. No less than 640 species have been described since 2002, including 175 new species introduced in a collaborative global effort in a single issue in this journal. These findings suggest that the largest family of tropical crustose lichens may have an even higher number of species than Parmeliaceae. To estimate whether the discovery of 175 new species is a significant step forward in cataloguing extant diversity in this family, we employed a parametric method to predict global species richness of Graphidaceae using a GIS-based grid map approach. The model employs linear regression between observed species richness and sample score and vegetation composition per grid to predict individual grid species richness, and interpolation of species grid distributions to predict global species richness. We also applied a non-parametric species-area curve approach and non-parametric species richness estimators (Chao, Jackknife, Bootstrap) to compare the results from the different methods. Our approach resulted in a prediction of 4,330 species of Graphidaceae, including approximately 3,500 (sub-)tropical species in the core subfamilies Fissurinoideae, Graphidoideae, Redonographoideae, plus 125 species restricted to extratropical regions (outside the zone between 30° northern and 30° southern latitude) and 700 species in subfamily Gomphilloideae. Currently, nearly 2,500 species are known in the family, including species not yet formally described. Thus, our model suggests that even after describing 175 species in this issue and with another approximately 140 awaiting publication, the number of species still to be discovered and described is more than 1,800, and much work remains to be done to close this substantial gap. Based on our approach, we predict that most of this undiscovered diversity is to be found in Mexico, the northern Andean region, the eastern Amazon and central and southern Brazil, tropical West Africa, continental Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. © 2014 Magnolia Press.


Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Lucking R.,Field Museum | Aptroot A.,ABL Herbarium | Chaves J.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Biodiversidad | And 3 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

In a continuation of our biotic inventory of lichenized fungi in Costa Rica and adjacent areas, we present a treatment of the thelotremoid Graphidaceae, that is the genera and species formerly included in Thelotremataceae. A total of 186 species in 23 genera are reported for Costa Rica, plus an additional 30 taxa for adjacent areas (El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama) that are expected to occur in Costa Rica. This is the highest number of thelotremoid Graphidaceae reported for any country in the world thus far, followed by Australia (173 species), Sri Lanka (130 species), and Panama (110 species). Together with our previous treatment of the genus Graphis, a total of 293 species of Graphidaceae have now been reported for Costa Rica in revised monographic works, with revisions of larger genera such as Phaeographis still pending, suggesting that the total number of Graphidaceae in Costa Rica is over 400. In the present monograph, the following genus and 40 species taxa are described as new to science: Enigmotrema Lücking gen. nov., Acanthotrema bicellularis Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., A. kalbii Lücking, spec. nov., Chapsa defecta Lücking, spec. nov., C. defectosorediata Lücking, spec. nov., C. farinosa Lücking & Sipman, spec. nov., C. perdissuta Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., C. sublilacina var. cyanea Lücking, spec. nov., C. thallotrema Lücking & N. Salazar, spec. nov., Clandestinotrema analorenae Lücking, spec. nov., Enigmotrema rubrum Lücking, spec. nov., Gyrotrema aurantiacum Sipman, Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., G. papillatum Lücking, spec. nov., Leucodecton album Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., Myriotrema aggregans Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., M. clandestinoides Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., M. classicum Lücking, spec. nov., M. endoflavescens Hale ex Lücking, spec. nov., M. frondosolucens Lücking & Aptroot, spec. nov., Ocellularia albobullata Lücking, Sipman & Grube, spec. nov., O. cocosensis Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., O. flavoperforata Lücking, spec. nov., O. gerardii Sipman, spec. nov., O. globifera Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. inspersata Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. inspersula Lücking & Aptroot, spec. nov., O. isohypocrellina Lücking & Kalb, spec. nov., O. laevigatula Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. laeviusculoides Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., O. praestantoides Sipman, spec. nov., O. pseudopyrenuloides Lücking, spec. nov., O. psorbarroensis Sipman, spec. nov., O. subcarassensis Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., O. subpyrenuloides Lücking, spec. nov., O. supergracilis Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. terrabensis Kalb & Lücking, spec. nov., O. zamorana Sipman, Lücking & Chaves, spec. nov., Thelotrema gomezianum Lücking, spec. nov., T. submyriocarpum Lücking, spec. nov., T. wilsonii Sipman & Lücking, spec. nov., and Wirthiotrema duplomarginatum Lücking, Mangold & Lumbsch, spec. nov. In addition, the following 19 new combinations are proposed: Ampliotrema dactylizum (Hale) Sipman, Lücking & Grube, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia dactyliza Hale], A. panamense (Hale) Sipman & Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Leptotrema panamense Hale], C. discoides (Stirt.) Lücking, comb. nov. [Graphis discoides Stirt.], C. esslingeri (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia esslingeri Hale], C. hiata (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema hiatum Hale], C. pseudoschizostoma (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia pseudoschizostoma Hale], C. referta (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia referta Hale], C. stellata (Hale) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Leptotrema stellatum Hale], Fibrillithecis pachystoma (Nyl.) Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema pachystomum Nyl.], Leucodecton bisporum (Nyl.) Sipman & Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema bisporum Nyl.], L. dactyliferum (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia dactylifera Hale], L. sordidescens (Fée) Lücking & Sipman, comb. nov. [bas.: Trypethelium sordidescens Fée], Ocellularia carassensis (Vain.) Sipman, comb. nov [bas.: Thelotrema carassense Vain.]., O. maxima (Hale) Lumbsch & Mangold, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema maximum Hale], R. vulcani (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Phaeotrema vulcani Hale], Stegobolus anamorphoides (Nyl.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Thelotrema anamorphoides Nyl.], Stegobolus lankaensis (Hale) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia lankaensis Hale], Thelotrema jugale (Müll. Arg.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Ocellularia jugalis Müll. Arg.], and Wirthiotrema desquamans (Müll. Arg.) Lücking, comb. nov. [bas.: Anthracothecium desquamans Müll. Arg.]. All species are described and discussed in detail and illustrated by photographic plates, and keys are provided to genera and species. © 2012 Magnolia Press.


Flakus A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Bach K.,University of Marburg | Flakus P.R.,Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum | And 10 more authors.
Polish Botanical Journal | Year: 2013

This paper presents new records of 180 lichen species from Bolivia; 103 are new national records. Three species, Bryonora curvescens (Mudd) Poelt (also from Ecuador), Lepraria elobata Tonsberg and Pyrenula laetior Müll. Arg., are reported for the first time from the Southern Hemisphere, and five, Bathelium aff. sphaericum (C. W. Dodge) R. C. Harris, Lepraria jackii Tonsberg, Psiloparmelia arhizinosa Hale, Szczawinskia tsugae A. Funk and Trinathotrema lumbricoides (Sipman) Sipman & Aptroot, are new to South America. To complement the rather poorly recognized distribution of some species, five of the taxa reported here are also new to Ecuador. Notes on distribution and chemistry are provided for most species, and some, especially those belonging to taxonomically critical groups, are discussed in greater detail.


Plata E.R.,Science and Education | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Lucking R.,Science and Education
Phytotaxa | Year: 2014

Five new species of thelotremoid Graphidaceae are described from the Philippines: Myriotrema subviride Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, differing from Myriotrema viride in the more prominent ascomata and transversely septate ascospores; Ocellularia gigantospora Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, differing from O. ripleyi in the uncarbonized, ecolumellate ascomata and the larger ascospores; O. leucocavata Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, differing from O. cavata in the uncarbonized ascomata and the larger ascospores; O. sublaeviusculoides Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, differing from O. laeviusculoides in the erumpent ascomata with black columella; and Thelotrema philippinum Rivas Plata, Sipman & Lücking, differing from Thelotrema suecicum in the stictic acid chemistry. The new combination Ocellularia megalospora (Müll. Arg.) Lücking is also proposed. Three of the new species are based on historical collections from vanished rain forest areas on the island of Luzon and are probably extinct, emphasizing the role of herbaria in documenting biotic diversity from threatened ecosystems. © 2014 Magnolia Press.


Ertz D.,Botanic Garden Meise | Flakus A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Oset M.,University of Gdansk | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Kukwa M.,University of Gdansk
Phytotaxa | Year: 2015

Records of 48 species belonging to the order Arthoniales from Bolivia are presented. Cryptothecia rosae-iselae Flakus & Kukwa and Lecanactis minuta Ertz, Flakus & Kukwa are described as new to science. Thirty-seven species are reported for the first time from Bolivia, seven of which, Alyxoria apomelaena, Cryptothecia darwiniana, C. groenhartii, C. megalocarpa, Herpothallon furfuraceum, Lecanographa uniseptata, and Opegrapha subvulgata, are new to South America. This raises the number of Arthoniales known from the country up to 72. Two new combinations are proposed: Alyxoria apomelaena (A. Massal.) Ertz for Opegrapha apomelaena A. Massal. and Myriostigma napoense (Kalb & Jonitz) Kukwa for Cryptothecia napoensis Kalb & Jonitz. Cresponea melanocheiloides is the second species of the genus shown to contain a xantholepinone. Cresponea melanocheiloides is reported as new to Costa Rica and Panama, Cryptothecia megalocarpa as new to the Netherlands Antilles and Guyana and C. striata is new to Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana and the Netherlands Antilles. Distribution data are reported for each species, with taxonomic remarks provided for new and some problematic taxa. © 2015 Magnolia Press.


Kukwa M.,University of Gdansk | Bach K.,University of Marburg | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Flakus A.,W Szafer Institute Of Botany
Polish Botanical Journal | Year: 2012

This paper presents information on 36 species of the lichenized genus Parmotrema A. Massal. new to Bolivia. Par-motrema sorediiferum Hale, P. soredioaliphaticum Estrabou & Adler and P. wrightii L. I. Ferraro & Elix are reported here from their second localities worldwide. Parmotrema brasiliense Hale and P. nylanderi (Lynge) Hale were discovered for the first time outside of Brazil. Notes on the taxonomy, chemistry and distribution of each species are provided.


Acosta L.F.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Greuter W.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem
Taxon | Year: 2010

A mislabelled specimen in the Clifford herbarium (BM) is identified as the single extant original element on which Linnaeus based Smilax lanceolata. It is here designated as the lectotype of the name, corroborating its placement in the synonymy of S. laurifolia L.


Flakus A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Flakus P.R.,Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum | Flakus P.R.,Higher University of San Andrés | And 3 more authors.
Polish Botanical Journal | Year: 2015

This paper presents new distribution records for 80 lichen taxa from Bolivia, including 14 new national records: Bulbothrix thomasiana Benatti & Marcelli, Dirinaria confluens (Fr.) Awasthi var. coccinea (Lynge) Awasthi, D. melanocarpa (Müll. Arg.) C. W. Dodge, Gyalideopsis lambinonii Vězda, Malmidea sulphureosorediata M. Cáceres, D. A. Mota & Aptroot, Parmelia warmingii Vain., Ramalina aspera Räsänen, R. canaguensis V. Marcano & A. Morales, R. disparata Krog & Swinscow, R. grumosa Kashiw., R. incana Kashiw., R. puiggarii Müll. Arg., R. usnea (L.) Howe and Ramonia valenzueliana (Mont.) Stizenb. Notes on distribution and chemistry are provided for most species.


Flakus A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Sipman H.J.M.,Botanischer Garten and Botanisches Museum Berlin Dahlem | Flakus P.R.,Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum | Flakus P.R.,University Institute of La Paz | And 4 more authors.
Polish Botanical Journal | Year: 2014

This paper presents new data on the geographic distribution of 84 lichen species in Bolivia. Bulbothrix chowoensis (Hale) Hale is new to South America. Twenty-five species are new national records: Chaenotheca confusa Tibell, Cora bovei Speg., C. reticulifera Vain., Dictyonema obscuratum Locking, Spielmann & Marcelli, Gassicurtia ferruginascens (Malme) Marbach & Kalb, Haematomma subinnatum (Malme) Kalb & Staiger, Malmidea badimioides (M. Cáceres & Locking) M. Cáceres & Kalb, Maronea constans (Nyl.) Hepp, Menegazzia subsimilis (H. Magn.) R. Sant., Myelochroa lindmanii (Lynge) Elix & Hale, Parmotrema commensuratum (Hale) Hale, P. conformatum (Vain.) Hale, P. disparile (Nyl.) Hale, P. machupicchuense Kurok., P. mordend (Hale) Hale, P. praesorediosum (Nyl.) Hale, P. submarginale (Michx.) DePriest & B. W. Hale, P. viridiflavum (Hale) Hale, P. wainioi (A. L. Sm.) Hale, P. xanthinum (Müll. Arg.) Hale, P. yodae (Kurok.) Hale, Protoparmelia multifera (Nyl.) Kantvilas, Papong & Lumbsch, Ramboldia haematites (Fée) Kalb, Lumbsch & Elix, Sobrina spongiosa (Ach.) Anzi and Stigmatochroma metaleptodes (Nyl.) Marbach. Notes on distribution and chemistry are provided.

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