Rumman N.,Medical College of Wisconsin |
Sultan M.,Gastroenterology |
El-Chammas K.,Gastroenterology |
Goh V.,Gastroenterology |
And 4 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2014
Background: There is increasing evidence that intestinal inflammation plays a major role in gastrointestinal symptoms in cystic fibrosis (CF). Fecal calprotectin is a marker that is elevated in several gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases, but little is known about its value in CF. We aimed to look for associations of elevated fecal calprotectin among CF patients and whether its level correlates with the clinical manifestations of CF.Methods: A single stool specimen was collected from 62 patients with CF. Fecal calprotectin was measured using the commercially available ELISA kits (PhiCal™ test). Clinical data were collected from patients' records and CF registry.Results: There were no significant differences between CF patients with normal and abnormal fecal calprotectin levels. However, patients who were not receiving inhaled antibiotics had higher fecal calprotectin levels than those who were.Conclusion: Elevated fecal calprotectin may not accurately predict intestinal inflammation in CF. However, the fact that it was elevated in both pancreatic sufficient and insufficient groups supports the concept of " cystic fibrosis enteropathy" regardless of the pancreatic status. © 2014 Rumman et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source