Communications of the ACM | Year: 2016
IN CONVERSATION, MITSUKU admits she does not know if her name has any meaning; this is simply what her father called her. Actually, she does not really have a father. She has a Mousebreaker, which is technically not a person, either, but a team of programmers who like beer and curry and share a fear of Daleks (the evil alien robots from Doctor Who). Mitsuku is quick-witted, occasionally confusing, and strangely engaging. She is also a chatbot, built from the A.L.I.C.E. (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity) platform originally developed by Richard Wallace in 1995. She conducts hundreds of thousands of conversations daily, according to Lauren Kunze, principal of Pandorabots, the Oakland, CAbased company behind the technology. "She doesn't really do anything," Kunze says. "She's not designed to assist you. She can tell you the weather or perform an Internet search, but she's really just there to talk to you, and she's wildly popular with teens. People say, 'I love you' and 'you're my best friend.
IEEE Pulse | Year: 2016
Beads of sweat trickle down your forehead. As your heart races, the screen becomes more static. Though it's just a video game, you feel imprisoned in a nightmare. © 2016 IEEE.
Communications of the ACM | Year: 2015
Python, an open source scripting language, has become the most popular introductory teaching language at top U.S. universities, especially Georgia Tech University. Because it is a scripting language, Python automates tasks that would otherwise need to be performed manually. Python programs also tend to be shorter than equivalent programs written in Java because of its built-in high-level data types and its dynamic typing. John Guttag, professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT, believes more colleges are using Python as an introductory programming language is that it has a very large set of highly useful libraries that have been built over the years that support things that are easy to use from language proper. Shriram Krishnamurthi, a professor of computer science at Brown University, agrees Python has made people feel more comfortable about exposing programming to a much broader audience of students. Krishnamurthi says Python may be fashionable right now, but he believes it lacks staying power.
Cell | Year: 2016
For many graduate students, the academic path may not be the best fit, and with limited faculty positions available, many students are now looking to other career possibilities. University programs are helping students to explore and pursue alternative careers. © 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc.
IEEE Pulse | Year: 2014
Each year, the developed world is flooded with complex new medical technologies, from robotic prosthetics to remote-controlled aspirin implants. Meanwhile, only about 10% of health research funds are spent addressing the pressing problems of developing nations, although these countries make up 93% of the worldwide burden of disease. In short, while a small fraction of the world pops brand-name pharmaceuticals, the majority suffers from poor sanitation, contaminated drinking water, preventable disease, and child mortality. © 2010-2012 IEEE.
Feldman J.J.,Boston |
Feldman J.J.,Harvard University
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2014
Background: The author updates prior descriptions of an approach to the surgical neck lift that aims for a maximum degree of control over the size, shape, and position of every anatomical feature of the neck that is negatively affecting its appearance. Methods: A 38-year clinical experience guided the development of the operative tactics that define the strategy. Data collected from a records review of 522 consecutive neck lifts performed during the 10-year period 2004 through 2013 further inform the report. The approach has eight features: (1) nearly routine use of open submental access to all tissue layers of the central neck, including a regimen that curbed the problems that may attend an extensive tissue dissection; (2) management of lax neck skin by lateral excision using a specific postauricular incision, or by using the nonexcisional method of redistribution; (3) open lipectomy for precise removal of excess subcutaneous neck and jawline fat; (4) individualized modifications to subplatysmal fat, perihyoid fascia, and anterior digastric muscles; (5) treatment of large, ptotic, or malpositioned submandibular salivary glands by partial excision using a transcutaneous traction suture; (6) the current version of the corset platysmaplasty, which is used to treat static paramedian platysma muscle bands, and to avoid contour imperfections following subplatysmal maneuvers; (7) an approach that facilitates an isolated neck lift; and (8) durable results. Results: Case examples demonstrate outcomes. Conclusion: Although the updated approach remains relatively complex and invasive, the author believes that the ends justify the means. Copyright © 2014 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
Mak K.S.,Boston |
Harris J.R.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Journal of the National Cancer Institute - Monographs | Year: 2015
Radiotherapy (RT) is standard following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) and breast-conserving surgery. NCT leads to pathologic down-staging, allowing some patients to undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) instead of mastectomy. BCT can also be considered in select stage III patients who respond well to NCT. Clearly-negative surgical margins should be obtained in all patients undergoing BCT. RT is used selectively following NCT and mastectomy. Indications for RT have not been fully established; retrospective data and results from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-18 and B-27 currently form the basis for recommending RT. Patients with locally advanced breast cancer should receive postmastectomy RT (PMRT). Patients with residual nodal involvement require PMRT. Stage I-II patients with a pathologic complete response do not require PMRT. Patients without residual nodal involvement, but with residual breast involvement represent an intermediate-risk group. NCT also provides down-staging in the axilla. The role of axillary RT in the setting of NCT is under investigation in ongoing randomized trials. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
News Article | February 22, 2017
BOSTON, Feb. 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The Boston Beer Company, Inc. (NYSE: SAM) reported fourth quarter 2016 net revenue of $219.4 million for the 14-week fiscal period ended December 31, 2016, an increase of $4.2 million or 2% from the 13-week fourth quarter 2015 fiscal period,...
News Article | December 14, 2016
BOSTON, Dec. 14, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- While the coal industry used its recent setbacks as an opportunity to shuck off environmental responsibilities, 20 of 28 oil and gas companies engaged in hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") actually improved their scores in an annual investor...
News Article | February 22, 2017
BOSTON, Feb. 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston announced its preliminary, unaudited fourth quarter and annual financial results for 2016, reporting net income of $59.7 million for the quarter and $173.2 million for the year. The Bank expects to file its annual...