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Sarkar R.,Bose Institute
Journal of complementary & integrative medicine | Year: 2012

The in vitro study of the antioxidant properties of the hydroalcoholic extracts of various Indian medicinal plants can logically help to develop a better and safer way of amelioration from oxidative stress. As aimed, the present study has been done to estimate and thereby conclude regarding the antioxidant activities of a few Indian medicinal plants, viz., Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica, Emblica officinalis, Caesalpinia crista, Cajanus cajan, and Tinospora cordifolia. The extracts of the plants have been subjected to the evaluation of antioxidant properties through scavenging assays for reactive oxygen species like superoxide, nitric oxide, peroxynitrite, hypochlorous acid, singlet oxygen, etc. and measurement of TEAC values and other phytochemical parameters. The phenolic and flavonoid contents of each plant have been found to be correlated to their individual antioxidant activity. The results showed the hydroalcoholic extracts of the plants were efficient indicators of their antioxidant capacity thus concreting their basis to be used as natural antioxidant. Source

Bose Institute and West Bengal State University | Date: 2013-09-27

A cancer chemotherapeutic agent that is particularly kinase suppressing and/or any other signaling pathway interfering agents and pharmaceutical formulations/compositions involving the same and its process of manufacture is provided. A potential the cancer chemotherapeutic agent is provided which apart from stated anticancer activity as a proven kinase suppressing and/or any other signaling pathway interfering agent could also involve specific potential binding affinity towards the intramolecular G-Quadruplex DNA structure and/or other potential quadruplex forming sequences over duplex DNA structures favours further diverse end use and application including but not limited to antiaging, antiangiogenic, antiproliferative, antitumor, antibiotic, antiviral, antifungal and multiple anticancer therapeutics, and also possesses favourable cytotoxicity values towards uncontrollably proliferative cells by inducing apoptosis irrespective of cells p53 status, without being cytotoxic to normal cells.

Background: Gene duplication is a genetic mutation that creates functionally redundant gene copies that are initially relieved from selective pressures and may adapt themselves to new functions with time. The levels of gene duplication may vary from small-scale duplication (SSD) to whole genome duplication (WGD). Studies with yeast revealed ample differences between these duplicates: Yeast WGD pairs were functionally more similar, less divergent in subcellular localization and contained a lesser proportion of essential genes. In this study, we explored the differences in evolutionary genomic properties of human SSD and WGD genes, with the identifiable human duplicates coming from the two rounds of whole genome duplication occurred early in vertebrate evolution. Results: We observed that these two groups of duplicates were also dissimilar in terms of their evolutionary and genomic properties. But interestingly, this is not like the same observed in yeast. The human WGDs were found to be functionally less similar, diverge more in subcellular level and contain a higher proportion of essential genes than the SSDs, all of which are opposite from yeast. Additionally, we explored that human WGDs were more divergent in their gene expression profile, have higher multifunctionality and are more often associated with disease, and are evolutionarily more conserved than human SSDs. Conclusions: Our study suggests that human WGD duplicates are more divergent and entails the adaptation of WGDs to novel and important functions that consequently lead to their evolutionary conservation in the course of evolution. © 2016 Acharya and Ghosh. Source

Khan P.,Bose Institute | Manna A.,Bose Institute | Saha S.,Bose Institute | Mohanty S.,Bose Institute | And 4 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2016

Background: Cancer metastasis is one of the most common causes of treatment failure and death in cancer patients. It has been acknowledged that aberrant activation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program, endows cancer cells with metastatic competence for which E-cadherin switch is a well-established hallmark. Suppression of E-cadherin by its transcriptional repressor Slug is thus a determining factor for EMT. Here, we aimed at discerning (i) the molecular mechanisms that regulate Slug/E-cadherin axis in oncogenic K-ras-expressing non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells, and (ii) the effect of aspirin in modulating the same. Methods: The migratory behaviour of NSCLC cell line A549 were deciphered by wound healing assay. Further assessment of the molecular mechanisms was done by western blotting, RT-PCR, confocal microscopy, chromatin immunoprecipitation and small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing. Results: Here we report that in oncogenic K-ras-expressing A549 cells, Ras/ERK downstream Elk-1 forms p-Elk-1-p300 complex that being directly recruited to SLUG promoter acetylates the same to ensure p65NFκB binding for transcriptional up-regulation of Slug, a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin. Aspirin inhibits EMT and decelerates the migratory potential of A549 cells by down-regulating Slug and thereby up-regulating E-cadherin. Aspirin impedes activation and nuclear translocation of p65NFκB, essential for this transcription factor being available for SLUG promoter binding. As a consequence, Slug transcription is down-regulated relieving A549 cells from Slug-mediated repression of E-cadherin transcription, thereby diminishing the metastatic potential of these oncogenic Ras-expressing NSCLC cells. Conclusions: Cumulatively, these results signify a crucial role of the anti-inflammatory agent aspirin as a novel negative regulator of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition thereby suggesting its candidature as a promising tool for deterring metastasis of highly invasive K-ras-expressing NSCLC cells. © 2016 Khan et al. Source

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