Sabak Bernam, Malaysia
Sabak Bernam, Malaysia

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Veron G.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Patou M.-L.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Debruyne R.,French Natural History Museum | Couloux A.,Center National Of Sequencage | And 5 more authors.
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2015

Although recent molecular studies have clarified the phylogeny of mongooses, the systematics of the Southeast Asian species was incomplete as the collared mongoose Urva semitorquata and some debatable taxa (Hose's mongoose, Palawan mongoose) were missing in the analyses. We sequenced three mitochondrial (cytochrome b, ND2, control region) and one nuclear (beta-fibrinogen intron 7) fragments of the Southeast Asian mongooses to clarify the systematic position of the different species and populations occurring in this region. Our results showed that the collared mongoose is closely related to the crab-eating mongoose Urva urva, these two species forming a sister-group to the short-tailed mongoose Urva brachyura. Despite Sumatran collared mongooses having a peculiar orange phenotype, we showed that they exhibited very little genetic divergence to individuals from Borneo. In contrast, the populations of the short-tailed mongoose from Borneo were strongly divergent to those from Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra, and these might represent separate species. Within the crab-eating mongoose, we observed little geographical genetic structure. Our study suggests that Hose's mongoose is not a valid species. The Palawan mongooses did not cluster with the other populations of the short-tailed mongoose; they were closer to the collared mongoose and should be included in this species. © 2014 The Linnean Society of London.


News Article | November 8, 2016
Site: www.prweb.com

Oakland Zoo has raised over $104,000 this past year through ‘Quarters for Conservation,’ an ongoing program where 25¢ of every ticket sold is designated for helping animals in the wild through the Zoo’s conservation partners worldwide. “The future of wild animals is in the hands of each and every one of us and it is our job as a conservation-focused zoo to engage our community in real wildlife conservation actions. With Quarters for Conservation, our visitors are taking action every time they visit the zoo. We thank our community for their role in offering vital support to these inspirational projects,” said Amy Gotliffe, Director of Conservation at Oakland Zoo. Fifty percent of the funds will go directly to three featured conservation programs in the field that help save wolves, chimpanzees, and Bay Area birds. The three recipients of the funds this past year are The California Wolf Center, the Budongo Snare Removal Project in Uganda, and the Golden Gate Audubon Society. "California Wolf Center is incredibly grateful to have been involved in Oakland Zoo's Quarters for Conservation program this year. We are honored to be supported by an organization that so highly values preservation of wild species and their habitat. Wild wolves thank the Oakland Zoo!," Christina Souto, Associate Director of California Wolf Recovery, California Wolf Center. Twenty-five percent of the funds raised will be used towards Oakland Zoo’s onsite conservation programs such as veterinary care for wild California condors and the Western Pond Turtle head-start program. The remaining twenty-five percent of the monies helps support the Zoo’s conservation field partners around the world, including: ARCAS, the Bay Area Puma Project, Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Center, the Kibale Fuel Wood Project, the Reticulated Giraffe Project, the Marine Mammal Center, the Mountain Lion Foundation, EWASO Lions, Ventana Wildlife Society, and the Uganda Carnivore Program. Oakland Zoo’s Quarters for Conservation Program has raised more than $500,000 since it launched in 2012. Now, a new year of Quarters for Conservation (Q4C) begins again with featured beneficiaries including Proyecto Tití for cotton-top tamarins, the Iinnii Initiative for bison, and Oakland Zoo’s Biodiversity Program for amphibians. See below descriptions for additional information about the 2017 partners: Proyecto Tití (South America) Cotton-top tamarins are tiny monkeys that only exist in the tropical forests of northern Colombia in South America. They are losing their home to deforestation, and are also victims of the illegal pet trade. Proyecto Tití (Project Tamarin) is working to guarantee a future for this charismatic little monkey, by protecting their habitat and working with local communities, providing conservation education and income alternatives to reduce the unsustainable use of forest resources. "We are so happy Cotton-top tamarins and Proyecto Tití were chosen as one of the Quarters for Conservation projects; it's exciting to know that many more people will be able to learn about the 'cutest' monkey on earth, and about our hard work to secure a long-term future for this amazing and charismatic primate, which is in the brink of extinction." – Rosamira Guillen, Executive Director, Fundación Proyecto Tití Iinnii Initiative (Montana, USA) Bison, North America’s largest land mammal, once roamed the continent and played an important role in the prairie landscape. But today, wild bison are absent from most of their historic range, and their genetic diversity is threatened by isolated herds. Native Americans have long had an important spiritual and cultural relationship with bison. Oakland Zoo has partnered with the Blackfeet Nation and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) through the Iinnii Initiative, which will return bison to tribal lands in Montana, provide educational programs, and promote bison conservation and cultural preservation. “We are excited to have Oakland Zoo’s partnership in the Iinnii Initiative, which has and will continue to push forward the cultural and ecological significance of bison on the restoration of the Glacier-Waterton landscape,” Keith Aune, Director, Bison Conservation Program, WCS North America Oakland Zoo’s Biodiversity Program Frogs and toads may be small, but they are important species that show how healthy their environment is. All around the world, amphibians are struggling with the threats of habitat loss, climate change, non-native predators, and disease. Oakland Zoo’s Biodiversity Program is working to save these special animals through intensive onsite conservation efforts for Puerto Rican Crested Toads and Mountain Yellow-Legged Frogs. “Amphibian populations are declining at a much faster rate than either birds or mammals. In fact, more than 30% of the world’s amphibian species are currently threatened with extinction, including the two species in Oakland Zoo’s Biodiversity Program. Quarters for Conservation funds will allow us to breed and/or treat the critically endangered Puerto Rican Crested Toads and Mountain Yellow-Legged Frogs so they can re-populate in the wild,” said Margaret Rousser, Zoological Manager, Oakland Zoo. For more information on the above programs, visit: http://www.oaklandzoo.org//Quarters_4Conservation.php ABOUT OAKLAND ZOO The Bay Area's award-winning Oakland Zoo is home to more than 660 native and exotic animals. The Zoo offers many educational programs and kid's activities perfect for science field trips, family day trips and exciting birthday parties. Oakland Zoo is dedicated to the humane treatment of animals and wildlife conservation onsite and worldwide; with 25¢ from each ticket donated to support conservation partners and programs around the world. The California Trail, a transformational project that more than doubles our size, opens in 2018, and will further our commitment to animal care, education, and conservation with a focus on this state’s remarkable native wildlife. Nestled in the Oakland Hills, in 500-acre Knowland Park, the Zoo is located at 9777 Golf Links Road, off Highway 580. The East Bay Zoological Society (Oakland Zoo) is a nonprofit 501(c)3 organization supported in part by members, contributions, the City of Oakland and the East Bay Regional Parks. For more information, go to: http://www.oaklandzoo.org


Hanya G.,Kyoto University | Stevenson P.,University of Los Andes, Colombia | van Noordwijk M.,University of Zürich | Te Wong S.,Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Center | And 5 more authors.
Ecography | Year: 2011

We examine the effect of total annual food abundance and seasonal availability on the biomass and species richness for frugivorous primates on three continents (n=16 sites) by data on fruit fall. We reveal that the best-fit models for predicting primate biomass include total annual fruit fall (positive), seasonality (negative) and biogeography (Old World>New World and mainland>island) and that these factors explain 56-67% of the variation. For the number of species, the best-fit models include seasonality (negative) and biogeography (Old World>New World and mainland>island) but not total annual fruit fall. Annual temperature has additional effects on primate biomass when the effects of fruits and biogeography are controlled, but there is no such effect on species richness. The present results indicate that, measured on local scales, primate biomass and number of species is affected by the seasonal variation in food availability. © 2011 The Authors.


Gitzen R.A.,Auburn University | Belant J.L.,Mississippi State University | Millspaugh J.J.,University of Missouri | Wong S.T.,Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Center | And 2 more authors.
Raffles Bulletin of Zoology | Year: 2013

Radiotelemetry has become one of the most valuable fi eld techniques in wildlife ecology because it allows biologists to collect location and other data remotely. This method is an especially important tool for studying the behaviour and demography of species that are often secretive, traverse large areas, and occur at low densities. Although use of radiotelemetry for studying tropical carnivores has been limited, this is changing rapidly. However, to maximise the value of radiotelemetry for learning about and managing tropical carnivores, biologists need to understand this technique and important considerations in its application. Radiotelemetry studies can provide useful information when biologists clearly articulate their objectives, carefully select study designs, evaluate important assumptions, apply appropriate analytical methods, and interpret the results properly. The choice of equipment and methods often must consider challenges such as remote study areas dominated by dense vegetation. Appropriate methods of attaching transmitters are critical, as is the assumption that transmitters have no signifi cant effects on study animals. The development of GPS radiotelemetry allows investigators to examine movements at high resolution, but VHF systems often remain the most appropriate or only feasible option for many studies of tropical carnivores. Methods for analysing radiotelemetry data also have expanded greatly in sophistication and explanatory power. Some of the most important analytical developments are in the shift from simple descriptive statistical approaches to process-based models that directly incorporate mechanistic hypotheses. Throughout this overview, we outline general advantages and disadvantages of various study options and emphasise the importance of testing key biological and methodological assumptions appropriate for each technique at all stages in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of radio-tracking data. © National University of Singapore.


Veron G.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Willsch M.,Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research | Dacosta V.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | Patou M.-L.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute | And 8 more authors.
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2014

The Malay civet Viverra tangalunga Gray, 1832 is a fairly large viverrid that has a wide distribution in both the Sundaic and Wallacea regions of Southeast Asia. We investigated the genetic diversity of V.tangalunga by analysing the mitochondrial DNA of 81 individuals throughout its range in order to elucidate the evolutionary history of this species and to test the hypotheses of natural dispersal and/or potential human introductions to some islands and regions. Our phylogenetic analyses revealed that V.tangalunga has a low matrilinear genetic diversity and is poorly structured geographically. Borneo is likely to have served as the ancestral population source from which animals dispersed during the Pleistocene. Viverra tangalunga could have naturally dispersed to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Belitung, and also to several other Sunda Islands (Bangka, Lingga, and Bintang in the Rhio Archipelago), and to Palawan, although there is possible evidence that humans introduced V.tangalunga to the latter islands. Our results strongly suggested that V.tangalunga was transported by humans across Wallace's Line to Sulawesi and the Moluccas, but also to the Philippines and the Natuna Islands. Our study has shown that human-mediated dispersal can be an important factor in understanding the distribution of some species in this region. © 2014 The Linnean Society of London.

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