Bord Iascaigh Mhara

Dún Laoghaire, Ireland

Bord Iascaigh Mhara

Dún Laoghaire, Ireland
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News Article | May 19, 2017

IRELAND’S national maritime festival, SeaFest, was launched in Galway yesterday by fisheries minister Michael Creed. SeaFest, which takes place in Galway for the second year in a row, from June 30 to July 2, has become one of the most popular summer festivals in Ireland. Last year it attracted more than 60,000 visitors to Galway. This summer, Galway Harbour and Docks are set to be transformed into an ‘open air sea world’ for the free three-day event. New additions to the festival programme this year include The Wild Atlantic – Sea Science exhibition, which is Ireland’s first sea science gallery, officially opened by Creed (pictured) yesterday at Galway City Museum. The basic principles of marine science are communicated in an interactive and engaging way at the museum. The minister, launching the festival at the museum, said: ‘SeaFest plays a vital role in the Harnessing Our Ocean Wealth’s [Ireland’s marine plan] key goal of increasing participation and engagement with the sea. ‘It deepens knowledge and appreciation of the ocean and builds on how we can each work to protect while also benefiting from our abundant maritime resources.’ SeaFest is coordinated by the Marine Institute, on behalf of the Marine Coordination Group. Dr Peter Heffernan, CEO of the Marine Institute, said: ‘We are eagerly anticipating SeaFest 2017. Last year, it proved itself to be massively popular with the local Galway community and with visitors who travelled from far afield to celebrate the festivities. ‘A unique aspect of SeaFest is the number of local, regional and national agencies and organisations that come together to plan this event,’ Dr Heffernan said, adding that local businesses, media and festival volunteers also play a pivotal role. SeaFest includes a range of industry events which focus on research, the marine industry and marine technology. National and international delegates will attend the third annual Our Ocean Wealth Summit on June 30 at NUI (National University of Ireland) Galway. Digital Ocean: Ireland’s Marine Engineering and Technology Conference and the Marine Industry Awards will take place on June 29. A Marine Trade Show will be held at NUI Galway on June 29-30, and Bord Iascaigh Mhara (the Irish Sea Fisheries Board) will hold its national seafood conference, Winning in a Changing Environment, on June 29 in the Radisson Blu Hotel.

White J.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Maoileidigh N.O.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Gargan P.,Inland Fisheries Ireland | De Eyto E.,Marine Institute of Ireland | And 11 more authors.
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2016

Following advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas and North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization, Irish salmon stocks have been managed on a river-by-river basis since 2007 with biological reference points (BRPs) based on maximum sustainable yield (MSY). A method for estimating BRPs at the river scale and the associated variability arising from observed variability in population structures and fecundities is presented here. Calculations of BRPs (referred to as conservation limits, CLs) were updated and their natural variability was included. Angling logbooks provided new river-specific weight data to give sea age and fecundity ranges, and improved estimates of river-wetted areas, to account for available nursery habitat for juveniles and river-specific carrying capacities, were introduced. To transport BRPs, Bayesian stock-recruitment analysis was re-run with an updated list of monitored rivers and smolt ages. Results were converted to salmon numbers per river in Monte Carlo simulations incorporating the variability in sea ages and fecundities. Minimum sample size rules were implemented to reduce sampling error effects. Results showed that average total CL increased by 7%, average one sea-winter (1SW) CL decreased by 5% and average multi-sea-winter (MSW) CL increased by 157%. Differences were attributed to increases in wetted areas, MSW proportions, and changes in both 1SW and MSW fecundities. While some changes were large, we believe that these updated CLs provide more accurate estimates and with associated confidence limits they are more robust, river-specific, and readily incorporated into stock assessments. As a significant improvement on their predecessors, they represent a major development for the conservation and management of salmon stocks. Additionally, the approach described is portable across stocks and has the potential to be implemented in other jurisdictions to improve the management of Atlantic salmon. Finally, this method of incorporating variation has application for the development of BRPs and management of other species. © 2016 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2016. All rights reserved.

Fitzpatrick M.,University College Cork | Graham N.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Rihan D.J.,Bord Iascaigh Mhara | Reid D.G.,Marine Institute of Ireland
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2011

Results-based management requires that outcomes can be demonstrated by industry and verified by managers on behalf of society. The core questions are: what outcomes, and how can they be proved? Existing fishery approaches to reversing the burden of proof are examined with focus on how proof is demonstrated. Outcomes can be measured in situ (on the vessel) or ex situ (at the stock or ecosystem level). In situ measures are preferable because they give direct measurements, although they can be invasive and costly. Ex situ results are only observable on scales that make it difficult to attribute them to specific management measures, or they may be influenced by external factors. Three main environmental impacts caused by fishing are assessed with respect to how industry can assume the burden of proof. The combined use of vessel-monitoring systems and benthic-impact models may offer a practical solution to the problem of managing fishery impacts on the benthos. Three Irish fisheries are assessed in terms of the feasibility of reversing the burden of proof. There are limits to the extent to which industry can assume the burden of proof, and the concept of sharing the burden of proof could be more realistic. © 2011 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.

Hawkins A.J.S.,Natural Environment Research Council | Pascoe P.L.,Natural Environment Research Council | Parry H.,Natural Environment Research Council | Brinsley M.,Natural Environment Research Council | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Shellfish Research | Year: 2013

Previous shellfish models have, in general, been calibrated for 1 location, unable to simulate growth across habitats that contrast in seston abundance and composition, as may vary between turbid, eutrophic and oligotrophic waters. Here, we describe the generic shellfish model ShellSIM, demonstrating how a common parameter set simulates growth effectively on calibration in the mussel Mytilus edulis and oyster Crassostrea gigas during normal culture across 9 different locations in Europe and China. Options enable the user to assess the relative values of chlorophyll a (CHL, measured in micrograms per liter), total particulate organic matter (POM; measured in milligrams per liter), and total particulate organic carbon (POC; measured in milligrams per liter) as codescriptors of the food available at separate locations. Using CHL as the sole proxy for available organics, together with an average carbon-to-CHL ratio of 50, growth in both M. edulis and C. gigas was predicted accurately at only 5 locations, primarily those with relatively low average food availability. In contrast, more than 74% of the observed variance in growth was predicted across all 9 locations in each species on inclusion of dynamic relations defining ingestion and absorption of both CHL-rich and all remaining organic matter such as may include bacteria, protozoans, colloids, and/or detritus, thereby helping to account for temporal and spatial changes in dietary composition. The energy content of the remaining organic matter (measured in Joules per milligram) ranged seasonally across all sites from about 2-25 J/mg, and could be predicted with growth from the relative abundance of CHL and POM alone, proving a viable alternative to more technically demanding measures of POC. Fractional contributions of the remaining organic matter to the energy absorbed in both species at each location ranged from less than about 0.4 during the spring to more than 0.8 from late autumn, in negative relation with CHL, thus helping to offset tissue wasting during winter months. We acknowledge model uncertainties, emphasizing the need to balance practicality and affordability against required accuracies. Last, we describe how the generic and multi-site capabilities afforded by ShellSIM, together with real-time outputs ready for integrated modeling of how shellfish influence ecosystem properties and processes, are saving time and resources across a variety of applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: BG-11-2014 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2015

We are standing at the dawn of a century that will be largely affected by how we as a society are able to manage our oceans and their resources. Marine and Maritime Research has a critical role to play in developing our understanding of the seas and advance technology so that we can develop their economic potential in a sustainable manner. The COLUMBUS project intends to capitalise on the ECs significant research by ensuring accessibility and uptake of research Knowledge Outputs by end-users (policy, industry, science and wider society). COLUMBUS will ensure measurable value creation from research investments contributing to sustainable Blue Growth within the timeframe of the project. Adopting proven methodologies and building on significant past work, COLUMBUS will first identify end-user needs and priorities. It will then set about identifying and collecting Knowledge Outputs from past and current EC projects. Rigorous analysis will take place to identify specific applications and end-users. Transfer will be achieved and measured through tailor-made knowledge transfer. All knowledge collected will be made accessible the pre-existing Marine Knowledge Gate. To achieve the above, COLUMBUS has brought together a multi-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder team representing all aspects of the research value chain from funding agencies to end-users. Key strategic initiatives and networks further strengthen and provide a strong vehicle for project legacy. A network of 9 Competence Nodes, each with a Knowledge Fellow and support team across Europe will provide the necessary critical mass (470pm of effort) to ensure full thematic and spatial coverage. COLUMBUS will also carry out strategic actions to enhance the visibility and impact of research to stakeholders and European Citizens. Furthermore working with funding agencies and stakeholders, COLUMBUS will examine the feasibility of improved systems and processes to ensure measurable value creation from research.

Suuronen P.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO | Chopin F.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO | Glass C.,University of New Hampshire | Lokkeborg S.,Norwegian Institute of Marine Research | And 3 more authors.
Fisheries Research | Year: 2012

Fishing provides high quality seafood and creates employment and income for people worldwide. Most of the capture methods used for fishing are, however, heavily dependent on the use of fossil fuels. For many important fisheries their high consumption of fuel constitutes a major constraint to their economic viability but also represents a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, fishing activities can sometimes impact the marine environments through excessive removals of ecologically and economically valuable species and also by direct physical contact with critical habitats. Fishing practices and gears vary widely in their environmental impacts and fuel efficiency but, in general, the impacts of passive fishing gears such as pots, traps, and hooks are considered to be less severe, and the amounts of fuel required per kg of catch smaller, than for towed gears such as beam trawls, dredges and the many types of bottom trawls. Through technological improvements and behavioral changes, the fishing sector can substantially decrease the damage to aquatic ecosystems, reduce emissions and lower its fuel costs. Changes in fishing practices can result in more economical and sustainable fisheries thereby contributing to improved food security. Barriers to begin transition to the use of low-impact, less fuel-intensive practices and gears include a perception that cost-efficient and practical alternatives are not available; restricted access to capital; ineffective technology infrastructure support; and inflexible fisheries management systems that restrict the rapid development and uptake of alternative gears. This paper discusses some of the key capture technologies and identifies gaps, constraints, and opportunities that facilitate the development and adoption of Low Impact and Fuel Efficient (LIFE) Fishing. LIFE fishing addresses the complex dynamic of energy consumption and environmental impacts with the objective of improving the economic viability and environmental sustainability of fishing operations. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Reid D.G.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Graham N.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Rihan D.J.,Bord Iascaigh Mhara | Kelly E.,Marine Institute of Ireland | And 4 more authors.
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2011

Fishing vessel capacity for trawlers is generally expressed in terms of length, tonnage, and engine power, assuming that a larger vessel has a greater fishing power. Management uses effort-control measures such as kW-day limits based on this assumption. Many studies have shown a weak and noisy relationship between effort and modelled catches, and explanatory models often require the inclusion of a skipper or vessel effect to explain the variance. A key element in this effect is the choice of gear size. Relationships are investigated between metrics of the vessel (length, tonnage, and power) and the gear towed (length of groundgear, or circumference of the net opening) in Scottish and Irish whitefish, Nephrops, and pelagic otter trawlers. Often, the vessel size did not correlate with that of the gear, or did so only for smaller vessels (<1000 hp). The key implication is that effort management based on vessel metrics alone is not appropriate, because it is a poor predictor for gear size, and hence for fishing power. Effort restrictions may actually encourage the adoption of larger gears for a given vessel, to maximize the value of a limited-time resource. © 2011 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.

Eigaard O.R.,Technical University of Denmark | Rihan D.,Bord Iascaigh Mhara | Graham N.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Sala A.,National Research Council Italy | Zachariassen K.,Faroe Marine Research Institute
Fisheries Research | Year: 2011

Based on information from an international inventory of gears currently deployed by trawlers in five European countries, the relationship between vessel engine power and trawl size is quantified for different trawl types, trawling techniques and target species. Using multiplicative modelling it is estimated that the fishing circle (or circumference) of trawls targeting shoaling species such as mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and herring (Clupea harengus) increases approximately 44.1. m with each 100. hp increase, whereas the increase for trawls targeting demersal species such as Nephrops (Nephrops norvegicus) and monkfish (Lophius piscatorius) is only approximately 9.4. m per 100. hp. Trawling technique also affects the relationship between vessel horsepower and fishing circle in that trawls used for pair trawling have a significantly (P< 0.001) lower rate of fishing circle increase with hp of a factor 0.56 of that of both twin and single trawls. Underlying these results is the definition of four geometrically different trawl typologies and corresponding target species, driven by the assumption that fishing mortality for a trawl gear is governed by its geometry and proportional to its size, as understood by existing knowledge of the interactions between trawl gear and target species. The modelling results have implications for the reliability of kilowatt days as descriptor of effective effort and point to the need of including metrics relating to the size and geometry of gear deployed in routine monitoring of fishing effort. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Prellezo R.,Marine Research Division | Curtin R.,Bord Iascaigh Mhara
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2015

This paper confronts, by meta-synthesis of the literature, the definition of ecosystem-based management provided in the reform of the European Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) with the specific measures and the institutional framework foreseen in it.By analysing the reform of the CFP by means of the ecosystem-based management framework, we conclude that there is a lack of instruments to deal with the social sustainability objective while economic and ecological sustainability could be simultaneously achieved with the specific measures considered in the reform.Individually analysed, the specific measures could further benefit ecosystem-based management implementation, although not all the observed or analysed consequences of the implementation of these measures move in this direction. In that sense we conclude that the success of the ecosystem based management of EU fisheries depends much more on the specific implementation of the measures and on the accompanying incentives, which in the end, implies that the institutional and political settings will determine its success. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Lordan C.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Cuaig M.O.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Graham N.,Marine Institute of Ireland | Rihan D.,Bord Iascaigh Mhara
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2011

Working with the fishing industry to collect fishery-dependent data for scientific and advisory purposes is essential in most countries, but despite the many advantages of working with fishers, it is not without challenges. The objectives and the ups and downs of 16 recent projects in Ireland are described, and four case studies are discussed in detail. Some common themes that characterize both successful and unsuccessful experiences are identified. One critical aspect is industrys sometimes unrealistic time-horizons and expectations when engaging in scientific data collection. Detailed communication of objectives, procedures, results, and relevance not only to industry representatives, but also to vessel owners and crew, is required throughout the life cycle of a project. For some projects, there is a clear need to include incentives in the design, but for others this is less critical. The critical needs for ongoing quality control and assurance, validation of data, and appropriate project design are discussed, along with the link between successful management systems and participatory research. Finally, comment is provided on how the expected reforms of the EUs Common Fisheries Policy will place new demands on joint research. © 2011 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.

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