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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Andreola G.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Labopin M.,EBMT Acute Leukemia Working Party office and AP HP | Beelen D.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Chevallier P.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 10 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2015

Second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT2) is a frequently used treatment option for relapse of acute leukemia after first allogeneic transplantation. Remission can be induced in selected patients, but data on long-term outcome and finally cure are limited. To estimate the long-term results of HSCT2, we retrospectively analyzed the course of 286 patients receiving myeloablative HSCT2 between 1985 and 2000, with a median follow-up of 11.3 years. Overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 10 years from HSCT2 were 10±2 and 7±2%, respectively. Cumulative 10-year incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality were 58±3% and 35±3%, respectively. CR at HSCT2, an interval from first transplant to relapse >10 months and TBI as part of the conditioning for HSCT2 favorably influenced LFS and OS. Patients with all three favorable factors had a 10-year OS of 36±10% and LFS of 25±9%, whereas patients showing no favorable factor had all died before year 5. Although retrospective, the long follow-up of this analysis supports the curative potential of alloHSCT2 in selected patients, who might be identified in advance, based on prognostic factors. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

Musso M.,Oncohematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit La Maddalena | Scalone R.,Oncohematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit La Maddalena | Marcacci G.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Lanza F.,University of Ferrara | And 6 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2010

BEAM is a widely used conditioning regimen for relapsed/refractory lymphoma patients undergoing auto-SCT. We conducted a multicenter study with an alternative regimen (fotemustine plus etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (FEAM)) in which BCNU was substituted by the chloroethylnitrosourea fotemustine (FTM). Eighty-four patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's (n20) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n64) were conditioned with a FEAM regimen (FTM 150 mg/m 2 on days -7, -6, etoposide 200 mg/m 2 and cytarabine 400 mg/m 2 on days -5, -4, -3, -2 and melphalan 140 mg/m 2 on day -1). Patients were evaluated for toxicity and engraftment parameters. Median times to neutrophil (500 × 10 9 /l) and plt (20 000 × 10 9 /l) engraftment were 11 and 13 days, respectively. Grade 3 mucositis occurred in 19 patients (23%), while G3 nausea/vomiting and G3 diarrhea were observed in 13 (15%) and 6 (7%) patients, respectively. No severe hepatic, renal or pulmonary toxicity was detected. Seven patients (7%) experienced G4 mucositis, while no other G4 toxicities or unexpected adverse events of any grade were recorded. Transplant-related mortality was 2.4%. We conclude that a FEAM regimen is feasible and safe. Although toxicity and engraftment times compared favorably with BEAM, longer follow-up is needed to evaluate fully its efficacy and long-term safety. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Rambaldi A.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | Grassi A.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | Masciulli A.,Fondazione Mario Negri Sud | Boschini C.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | And 30 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: The standard busulfan-cyclophosphamide myeloablative conditioning regimen is associated with substantial non-relapse mortality in patients older than 40 years with acute myeloid leukaemia who are undergoing allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. Because the combination of busulfan plus fludarabine has been proposed to reduce non-relapse mortality, we aimed to compare this treatment with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide as a preparative regimen in these patients. Methods: We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 trial for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia at 25 hospital transplant centres in Italy and one in Israel. Eligible patients were aged 40-65 years, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 3, and were in complete remission. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous busulfan plus cyclophosphamide or busulfan plus fludarabine. Treatment allocations were not masked to investigators or patients. Randomisation was done centrally via a dedicated web-based system using remote data entry, with patients stratified by donor type and complete remission status. Patients allocated to busulfan plus cyclophosphamide received intravenous busulfan 0·8 mg/kg four times per day during 2 h infusions for four consecutive days (16 doses from days -9 through -6; total dose 12·8 mg/kg) and cyclophosphamide at 60 mg/kg per day for two consecutive days (on days -4 and -3; total dose 120 mg/kg). Patients allocated to busulfan plus fludarabine received the same dose of intravenous busulfan (from days -6 through -3) and fludarabine at 40 mg/m2 per day for four consecutive days (from days -6 through -3; total dose 160 mg/m2). The primary endpoint was 1-year non-relapse mortality, which was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis; safety outcomes were assessed in the per-protocol population. This trial has been completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01191957. Findings: Between Jan 3, 2008, and Dec 20, 2012, we enrolled and randomly assigned 252 patients to receive busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (n=125) or busulfan plus fludarabine (n=127). Median follow-up was 27·5 months (IQR 9·8-44·3). 1-year non-relapse mortality was 17·2% (95% CI 11·6-25·4) in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 7·9% (4·3-14·3) in the busulfan plus fludarabine group (Gray's test p=0·026). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were gastrointestinal events (28 [23%] of 121 patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 26 [21%] of 124 patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group) and infections (21 [17%] patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 13 [10%] patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group had at least one such event). Interpretation: In older patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, the myeloablative busulfan plus fludarabine conditioning regimen is associated with lower transplant-related mortality than busulfan plus cyclophosphamide, but retains potent antileukaemic activity. Accordingly, this regimen should be regarded as standard of care during the planning of allogeneic transplants for such patients. Funding: Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Patriarca F.,University of Udine | Luznik L.,Johns Hopkins University | Medeot M.,University of Udine | Zecca M.,Pediatric Hematology Oncology | And 14 more authors.
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2014

Recently, novel strategies to control graft-versus-host disease and facilitate engraftment have allowed an increasing number of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haploHSCT) to be performed. A meeting was convened to review the biological rationale and the clinical results of various T-cell-depleted (TCD) and T-cell-replete (TCR) HLA-haploidentical 'transplant platforms'. The objective of the meeting was to promote discussion and consent among leading researchers in the field on three main crucial issues for haploHSCT: (i) eligibility criteria, (ii) choice of the most suitable donor, and (iii) choice of the most appropriate transplant platform. The experts in attendance agreed that a patient who is eligible for an allogeneic transplant and lacks an HLA-identical sibling or an HLA-matched unrelated donor should be considered for an alternative donor transplant. Together with the experience of the individual center, the most important decision criteria in choosing an alternative donor source should be the rapidity of transplantation so as to avoid disease relapse/progression. The choice of the mismatched donor should be driven by younger age, ABO blood group compatibility, and Cytomegalovirus status. If a TCD transplant is planned, NK-alloreactive donors and/or the mother should be preferred. Prospective comparative studies are needed to establish the relative efficacy of different transplant platforms. However, expertise in stem cell manipulation and in adoptive immunotherapy is essential if a TCD transplant platform is chosen. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Savini V.,Clinical Microbiology and Virology | Carretto E.,Clinical Microbiology Laboratory | Polilli E.,Clinical Microbiology and Virology | Marrollo R.,Clinical Microbiology and Virology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2014

We first observed the phenomenon of small colony variants (SCVs) in a Staphylococcus pseudintermedius sequence type 71 (ST71) strain, isolated from a non-pet owner. Although we found that small-sized colonies share main features with Staphylococcus aureus SCVs, they nevertheless show a novel, particular, and sticky phenotype, whose expression was extremely stable, even after subcultivation. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

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