Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy
Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Time filter

Source Type

Musso M.,Oncohematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit La Maddalena | Scalone R.,Oncohematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit La Maddalena | Marcacci G.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Lanza F.,University of Ferrara | And 6 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2010

BEAM is a widely used conditioning regimen for relapsed/refractory lymphoma patients undergoing auto-SCT. We conducted a multicenter study with an alternative regimen (fotemustine plus etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (FEAM)) in which BCNU was substituted by the chloroethylnitrosourea fotemustine (FTM). Eighty-four patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's (n20) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n64) were conditioned with a FEAM regimen (FTM 150 mg/m 2 on days -7, -6, etoposide 200 mg/m 2 and cytarabine 400 mg/m 2 on days -5, -4, -3, -2 and melphalan 140 mg/m 2 on day -1). Patients were evaluated for toxicity and engraftment parameters. Median times to neutrophil (500 × 10 9 /l) and plt (20 000 × 10 9 /l) engraftment were 11 and 13 days, respectively. Grade 3 mucositis occurred in 19 patients (23%), while G3 nausea/vomiting and G3 diarrhea were observed in 13 (15%) and 6 (7%) patients, respectively. No severe hepatic, renal or pulmonary toxicity was detected. Seven patients (7%) experienced G4 mucositis, while no other G4 toxicities or unexpected adverse events of any grade were recorded. Transplant-related mortality was 2.4%. We conclude that a FEAM regimen is feasible and safe. Although toxicity and engraftment times compared favorably with BEAM, longer follow-up is needed to evaluate fully its efficacy and long-term safety. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.


Girmenia C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Raiola A.M.,University of Genoa | Piciocchi A.,GIMEMA Foundation | Algarotti A.,Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII | And 37 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2014

Epidemiologic investigation of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) may be useful to identify subpopulations who might benefit from targeted treatment strategies. The Gruppo Italiano Trapianto Midollo Osseo (GITMO) prospectively registered data on 1858 consecutive patients undergoing allo-HSCT between 2008 and 2010. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for proven/probable IFD (PP-IFD) during the early (days 0 to 40), late (days 41 to 100), and very late (days 101 to 365) phases after allo-HSCT and to evaluate the impact of PP-IFDs on 1-year overall survival. The cumulative incidence of PP-IFDs was 5.1% at 40 days, 6.7% at 100 days, and 8.8% at 12 months post-transplantation. Multivariate analysis identified the following variables as associated with PP-IFDs: transplant from an unrelated volunteer donor or cord blood, active acute leukemia at the time of transplantation, and an IFD before transplantation in the early phase; transplant from an unrelated volunteer donor or cord blood and grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in the late phase; and grade II-IV acute GVHD and extensive chronic GVHD in the very late phase. The risk for PP-IFD was significantly higher when acute GVHD was followed by chronic GVHD and when acute GVHD occurred in patients undergoing transplantation with grafts from other than matched related donors. The presence of PP-IFD was an independent factor in long-term survival (hazard ratio, 2.90; 95% confidence interval, 2.32 to 3.62; P < .0001). Our findings indicate that tailored prevention strategies may be useful in subpopulations at differing levels of risk for PP-IFDs. © 2014 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.


Louw V.J.,University of the Free State | Bassa F.,Stellenbosch University | Chan S.W.,University of Witwatersrand | Dreosti L.,University of Pretoria | And 16 more authors.
South African Medical Journal | Year: 2011

Introduction. Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) encompass a heterogeneous group of clonal haematopoietic disorders characterised by chronic and progressive cytopenias resulting from ineffective haematopoiesis. Treatment is complicated by differences in disease mechanisms in different subgroups, variable clinical phenotypes and risk of progression to acute myeloid leukaemia. Rationale. Changes in disease classification, prognostic scoring systems, the availability of novel treatment options and the absence of South African guidelines for the diagnosis and management of these complex disorders underpinned the need for the development of these recommendations. Methods. These recommendations are based on the opinion of a number of experts in the field from the laboratory as well as clinical settings and came from both the private and institutional academic environments. The most recent literature as well as available guidelines from other countries were discussed and debated at a number of different meetings held over a 2-year period. Results. A comprehensive set of recommendations was developed focusing on risk stratification, supportive management and specific treatment. Novel agents and their indications are discussed and recommendations are made based on best available evidence and taking into account the availability of treatments in South Africa. Conclusion. Correct diagnosis, risk stratification and appropriate therapeutic choices are the cornerstones of success in the management of patients with MDS.


Rambaldi A.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | Grassi A.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | Masciulli A.,Fondazione Mario Negri Sud | Boschini C.,Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit | And 30 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: The standard busulfan-cyclophosphamide myeloablative conditioning regimen is associated with substantial non-relapse mortality in patients older than 40 years with acute myeloid leukaemia who are undergoing allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. Because the combination of busulfan plus fludarabine has been proposed to reduce non-relapse mortality, we aimed to compare this treatment with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide as a preparative regimen in these patients. Methods: We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 trial for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia at 25 hospital transplant centres in Italy and one in Israel. Eligible patients were aged 40-65 years, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 3, and were in complete remission. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous busulfan plus cyclophosphamide or busulfan plus fludarabine. Treatment allocations were not masked to investigators or patients. Randomisation was done centrally via a dedicated web-based system using remote data entry, with patients stratified by donor type and complete remission status. Patients allocated to busulfan plus cyclophosphamide received intravenous busulfan 0·8 mg/kg four times per day during 2 h infusions for four consecutive days (16 doses from days -9 through -6; total dose 12·8 mg/kg) and cyclophosphamide at 60 mg/kg per day for two consecutive days (on days -4 and -3; total dose 120 mg/kg). Patients allocated to busulfan plus fludarabine received the same dose of intravenous busulfan (from days -6 through -3) and fludarabine at 40 mg/m2 per day for four consecutive days (from days -6 through -3; total dose 160 mg/m2). The primary endpoint was 1-year non-relapse mortality, which was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis; safety outcomes were assessed in the per-protocol population. This trial has been completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01191957. Findings: Between Jan 3, 2008, and Dec 20, 2012, we enrolled and randomly assigned 252 patients to receive busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (n=125) or busulfan plus fludarabine (n=127). Median follow-up was 27·5 months (IQR 9·8-44·3). 1-year non-relapse mortality was 17·2% (95% CI 11·6-25·4) in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 7·9% (4·3-14·3) in the busulfan plus fludarabine group (Gray's test p=0·026). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were gastrointestinal events (28 [23%] of 121 patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 26 [21%] of 124 patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group) and infections (21 [17%] patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 13 [10%] patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group had at least one such event). Interpretation: In older patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, the myeloablative busulfan plus fludarabine conditioning regimen is associated with lower transplant-related mortality than busulfan plus cyclophosphamide, but retains potent antileukaemic activity. Accordingly, this regimen should be regarded as standard of care during the planning of allogeneic transplants for such patients. Funding: Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Transplant and Cellular Therapy Center, Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, University of Pavia, University of Bari and 14 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase III | Journal: The Lancet. Oncology | Year: 2015

The standard busulfan-cyclophosphamide myeloablative conditioning regimen is associated with substantial non-relapse mortality in patients older than 40 years with acute myeloid leukaemia who are undergoing allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. Because the combination of busulfan plus fludarabine has been proposed to reduce non-relapse mortality, we aimed to compare this treatment with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide as a preparative regimen in these patients.We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 trial for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia at 25 hospital transplant centres in Italy and one in Israel. Eligible patients were aged 40-65 years, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status less than 3, and were in complete remission. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous busulfan plus cyclophosphamide or busulfan plus fludarabine. Treatment allocations were not masked to investigators or patients. Randomisation was done centrally via a dedicated web-based system using remote data entry, with patients stratified by donor type and complete remission status. Patients allocated to busulfan plus cyclophosphamide received intravenous busulfan 08 mg/kg four times per day during 2 h infusions for four consecutive days (16 doses from days -9 through -6; total dose 128 mg/kg) and cyclophosphamide at 60 mg/kg per day for two consecutive days (on days -4 and -3; total dose 120 mg/kg). Patients allocated to busulfan plus fludarabine received the same dose of intravenous busulfan (from days -6 through -3) and fludarabine at 40 mg/m(2) per day for four consecutive days (from days -6 through -3; total dose 160 mg/m(2)). The primary endpoint was 1-year non-relapse mortality, which was assessed on an intention-to-treat basis; safety outcomes were assessed in the per-protocol population. This trial has been completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01191957.Between Jan 3, 2008, and Dec 20, 2012, we enrolled and randomly assigned 252 patients to receive busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (n=125) or busulfan plus fludarabine (n=127). Median follow-up was 275 months (IQR 98-443). 1-year non-relapse mortality was 172% (95% CI 116-254) in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 79% (43-143) in the busulfan plus fludarabine group (Grays test p=0026). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were gastrointestinal events (28 [23%] of 121 patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 26 [21%] of 124 patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group) and infections (21 [17%] patients in the busulfan plus cyclophosphamide group and 13 [10%] patients in the busulfan plus fludarabine group had at least one such event).In older patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, the myeloablative busulfan plus fludarabine conditioning regimen is associated with lower transplant-related mortality than busulfan plus cyclophosphamide, but retains potent antileukaemic activity. Accordingly, this regimen should be regarded as standard of care during the planning of allogeneic transplants for such patients.Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco.


Kaeda J.,Medizinische Klinik m.S. Hamatologie und Onkologie | Bonamino M.,INCA | Ayres-Silva J.,INCA | Ayres-Silva J.,Bone Marrow Transplant Center | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2014

Assessing the clinical significance of JAK2 V617F mutant allele burden is complicated by a myriad of techniques reported to detect and quantify the mutation. As a consequence, the level of sensitivity and how the data is reported vary. Harmonization of well-defined molecular studies would permit evaluation of the clinical significance of measuring allele burden and rapid determination of the efficacy of novel agents for the treatment of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasia via multicenter clinical trials, at the subclinical level. Here we report a comparison between the widely available TaqMan quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) and competitive PCR (C-PCR) assays. We found that the tumor load was invariably greater when measured by C-PCR compared to that recorded by Q-PCR. Furthermore, none of the samples converted from undetectable to detectable when the enriched granulocyte (GR) fraction was tested. While a difference in the V617F allele levels was detected between GR fraction and whole blood, this was not statistically significant. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.


Busca A.,Bone Marrow Transplant Center | Pecoraro C.,Hematology 2 | Giaccone L.,Bone Marrow Transplant Center | Bruno B.,Bone Marrow Transplant Center | And 12 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2014

The aim of the present study was to investigate the outcome of 94 adult patients with myelodysplasia (MDS) who received an allogeneic stem cell transplant between January 1995 and September 2010 in two Italian hematology centers. At the time of transplant, 53 patients (56%) had relapsed/refractory disease. The cumulative incidence of grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD was 33% (95% confidence interval [CI] 21-45%) and 78% (95% CI 66-90%), respectively. The cumulative incidence of transplant-related mortality (TRM) at 100 days was 13% (95% CI 6-21%). The 2-year progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 41% (95% CI 31-51%) and 49% (95% CI 38-59%), respectively. On multivariate analysis, advanced disease stage at transplant was the major independent variable associated with an inferior 2-year PFS (HR 3.66, 95% CI 1.98-6.76) and OS (HR 3.68, 95% CI 1.95-6.93). Use of an alternative donor was an independent variable associated with TRM (HR 3.18, 95% CI 1.31-7.72). In conclusion, our data suggest that disease status at the time of transplant is the major predictor for improved PFS and OS, and treatments required to reach this goal may have value in leading to an improved outcome. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.


PubMed | Neonatal Intensive Therapy Unit, Infectious Disease Unit and Bone Marrow Transplant Center
Type: | Journal: Bone marrow transplantation | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to investigate the methods of conception and delivery, as well as the course and outcome of 42 pregnancies occurring in 15 female patients (27 pregnancies) and partners of 8 male patients (15 pregnancies) with -thalassemia major who were successfully treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Most pregnancies (n=21) were achieved with spontaneous conception in female patients. There were two miscarriages. Five pregnancies were late preterm. Delivery was vaginal in 4 cases and by caesarean section in 18. Overall, 22 term pregnancies resulted in successful deliveries of 23 neonates. Two of 23 neonates were symmetrical small for gestational age / intrauterine growth restriction. All 15 pregnancies that occurred in partners of men who received an allogeneic HCT were achieved with spontaneous conception. No miscarriage was observed. Overall, 14 term pregnancies resulted in successful deliveries of 14 live-born singletons. Delivery was vaginal in nine cases and by caesarean section in five. All infants were full-term. Many patients with -thalassemia major who received an allogeneic HCT retained or recovered their fertility after transplant. In these patients, pregnancy has been a practical and safe possibility and usually had a favorable outcome as in the normal population.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 7 November 2016; doi:10.1038/bmt.2016.287.

Loading Bone Marrow Transplant Center collaborators
Loading Bone Marrow Transplant Center collaborators