Alimov V.N.,Bonch Bruevich University |
Hatano Y.,University of Toyama |
Busnyuk A.O.,Bonch Bruevich University |
Livshits D.A.,Innolume Gmbh |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2011
The composite membranes based on Group 5 metals are capable of H 2 separation with the high speed and infinite selectivity. The chemical and thermal stability are critical issues for the application of such membranes in the field of hydrogen energy. In order to understand the degradation mechanisms, the H 2 permeation through composite Pd 2μm-Nb 100μm-Pd 2μm membranes was investigated in a very wide pressure range: (10 -5-10 4) Pa. At higher pressures the surface contaminations only moderately decreased the permeation. However the permeation experiments at lower pressures demonstrated that an orders of magnitude change in the probability of H 2 molecule dissociative sticking is actually hidden behind this relatively moderate effect. The membranes poisoned by the surface contaminations could be recovered by their exposure to O 2 at (300-400) °C. Heating at temperature higher than 500 °C resulted in the irreversible decrease of permeation and in the pronounced change of permeation behavior at the variation of H 2 pressure. An extremely high permeation was observed at lower pressures at the clean surface of Pd coating. That allows developing an effective membrane pump for hydrogen isotopes. © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights.