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Mumbai, India

Kodkani P.S.,Bombay Hospital
Arthroscopy Techniques | Year: 2015

The anatomy of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been well defined, with parts of its uppermost fibers having a soft-tissue insertion onto the vastus intermedius. Bone tunnels and implants on the patellar side therefore cannot replicate this anatomic construct precisely. Because of implants and tunnels, complications have been reported with bone tunnel fracture. Similarly, on the femoral side, rigid fixation with implants can result in over-constraint with compromised results. Moreover, bone tunnels cannot be used in skeletally immature cases. To overcome issues related to bone tunneling and implants, as well as to reconstruct the MPFL in a precise anatomic manner, an all-soft-tissue fixation technique was devised. Bony landmarks were used as reference points instead of radiologic markers to achieve a moreprecise construct and to eliminate intraoperative radiography. Hamstring graft was used to reconstruct the MPFL. Special suturing techniques were used to achieve optimal graft fixation with minimal suture knots. A special tissue elevator-suture passer device was designed to facilitate graft passage and ease in performing the procedure. This technique permits differential tensioning, and therefore one achieves stability throughout the range of motion. © 2015 Arthroscopy Association of North America.

Kumar S.,BYL Nair Ch Hospital and TN Medical College | Amarapurkar A.,BYL Nair Ch Hospital and TN Medical College | Amarapurkar D.,Bombay Hospital
Indian Journal of Medical Research | Year: 2013

Background & objectives: Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level is most commonly used as a marker for the assessment of various liver diseases. Currently upper limits of normal for aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or ALT levels used are based on the western literature. This study was conducted to determine the ALT and AST levels in healthy blood donors from western India and to determine the relation with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Methods: A total of 5077 voluntary blood donors were selected with strict routine inclusion and exclusion criteria. Weight, height, BMI and WHR were determined along with AST and ALT levels. BMI and WHR were correlated with liver enzymes. Results: Of the 5077 donors, 160 were excluded due to positive serological results. In the remaining 4917 individuals, 4643 (94.4%) were males and 274 (5.6%) were females. Majority 3024 (61.5%) showed BMI more than 23 kg/m2. WHR > 0.85 and 0.80 was found in 4046 (87.0%) males and 250 (91.2%) females. Mean AST and ALT levels in males were 23.4 ± 9.9 IU/l and 27.0 ± 17.3 IU/l and in females 19.1 ± 9.8 IU/l and 17.7 ± 11.2 IU/l, respectively. With increase in BMI, there was a significant increase in AST and ALT levels. Similar increase was also seen with WHR. Interpretation & conclusions: Majority of voluntary blood donors showed high BMI and WHR which was directly related to AST and ALT levels. This study highlights the magnitude of obesity in general healthy population of western India and a need to revise the current normal limits of serum ALT.

Saini N.,SMS Medical College and Attached Group of Hospitals | Kundnani V.,Bombay Hospital | Patni P.,Hand Surgery Unit | Gupta S.P.,Orthopaedic Unit IV
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics | Year: 2010

Background: The functional outcome of a flexor tendon injury after repair depends on multiple factors. The postoperative management of tendon injuries has paved a sea through many mobilization protocols. The improved understanding of splinting techniques has promoted the understanding and implication of these mobilization protocols. We conducted a study to observe and record the results of early active mobilization of repaired flexor tendons in zones II-V. Materials and Methods: 25 cases with 75 digits involving 129 flexor tendons including 8 flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendons in zones II-V of thumb were subjected to the early active mobilization protocol. Eighteen (72%) patients were below 30 years of age. Twenty-four cases (96%) sustained injury by sharp instrument either accidentally or by assault. Ring and little finger were involved in 50% instances. In all digits, either a primary repair (n=26) or a delayed primary repair (n=49) was done. The repair was done with the modified Kessler core suture technique with locking epitendinous sutures with a knot inside the repair site, using polypropylene 3-0/4-0 sutures. An end-to-end repair of the cut nerves was done under loupe magnification using a 6-0/8-0 polyamide suture. The rehabilitation program adopted was a modification of Kleinert's regimen, and Silfverskiold regimen. The final assessment was done at 14 weeks post repair using the Louisville system of Lister et al. Results: Eighteen of excellent results were attributed to ring and little fingers where there was a flexion lag of <1 cm and an extension lag of <15°. FPL showed 75% (n=6) excellent flexion. 63% (n=47) digits showed excellent results whereas good results were seen in 19% (n=14) digits. Nine percent (n=7) digits showed fair and the same number showed poor results. The cases where the median (n=4) or ulnar nerve (n=6) or both (n=3) were involved led to some deformity (clawing/ape thumb) at 6 months postoperatively. The cases with digital or common digital nerve involvement (n=7 with 17 digits) showed five excellent, two good, four fair, and six poor results. Complications included tendon ruptures in 2 (3%) cases (one thumb and one ring finger) and contracture in 2 (3%) cases whereas superficial infection and flap necrosis was seen in 1 case each. Conclusion: The early active mobilization of cut flexor tendons in zones II-V using the modified mobilization protocol has given good results, with minimal complications.

Shah D.,Sir Hurkisondas Nurrotamdas Hospital and Research Center | Agrawal S.,Bombay Hospital
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2010

Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are recognized to adversely affect the quality of life. The prevalence and the magnitude of VMS may vary across populations. Although a natural regression of VMS may be expected over a period of time, it remains the most common of symptoms for which women seek help. Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is currently the only treatment approved by the Food and Drug Administration that has shown uniform benefit in the management of VMS. In clinical situations when estrogen is or may be contraindicated, a finite number of alternative options, including use of neuroactive agents (SSRIs, SSNRs, and gabapentin), lifestyle changes, and nonprescription remedies such as phytoestrogens and black cohosh have been shown to provide relief, albeit with mixed results and questionable safety. Existing data identify an ethnic variation in the degree and frequency of VMS of aging; in this latter context, the Asian woman's perspective is dominantly conveyed from the perspective of Chinese and Japanese ethnicities, whereas data regarding the magnitude of burden of VMS in the postmenopausal women from other Asian ethnicities and races are sparse. This article reviews the symptoms and relates that VMS are of significant concern for the aging Asian women. © 2010 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Salavati A.,University of Pennsylvania | Salavati A.,University of Minnesota | Puranik A.,Bombay Hospital | Kulkarni H.R.,Center for Molecular Radiotherapy and Molecular Imaging CT | And 2 more authors.
Seminars in Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2016

As therapeutic options in advanced medullary and non-iodine avid differentiated (nonmedullary) thyroid cancers are limited and associated with significant toxicity, targeting of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) for internal radiation therapy provides a promising option. Theranostics (therapy and diagnosis) using radiolabeled somatostatin analogues has proved to be a milestone in the management of SSTR-expressing tumors. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy using 177Lu-labeled or 90Y-labeled somatostatin analogues may have a significant role in the management of medullary and nonmedullary thyroid cancers in those patients where PET/CT with 68Ga-labeled somatostatin analogues demonstrates significant SSTR expression. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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