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Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Messari-Becker L.,Leiterin Nachhaltigkeit und Bauphysik | Barenfanger K.,Fachplanerin Energieeffizienz | Bollinger K.,University of Applied Arts Vienna | Storck U.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure
Bauingenieur | Year: 2012

The facade of a building is an important design element and can take over several functions as a structural and energy performance component. These functions can previously also be provided by a single homogeneous layer. Due to the efforts of energy efficiency and climate protection many requirements of the building envelope and technical equipment are made. Today, the two-shell construction of reinforced concrete or masonry in combination with thermal insulation is a common construction method, especially in the housing construction sector. The monolithic design seemed to be yesterday, the connection between structural and energy design according to today's demands of energy efficiency seems to be impossible. For the first time, multi-family homes are created with the highest standards of energy efficiency and sustainability in a new monolithic construction. The buildings are built by the ABG Frankfurt Holding Frankfurt, Germany. The architectural design was from the office Scheffler and partners, the structural, energy and building performance consulting were taken by the Frankfurt office Bollinger + Grohmann Engineering. The five apartment buildings with 50 apartments consist of different types of houses with two to three full floors plus penthouse level, with underground garage, which lies mostly outside the building envelope. The buildings are designed as passive houses in a new monolithic construction, which is know used for the first time in combination with a high standard like the passive house standard. The challenge for the planners was the consideration of different aspects and their integral involvement in the planning. On the basis of predetermined parameters of urban development plans, planning and requirements specifications for example number of housing units required, aspects of family-friendliness, accessibility and infra structure should be implemented a design with the highest standards of resource efficiency in the broadest sense. Aspects of energy efficiency, of life cycle costs analysis and the ecological accounting analysis of the new construction method were investigated. to ensure the long-term ecological and economic sustainability for users and owners of the buildings. The solution was achieved by an integral approach. Structure and envelope; function and performance of the buildings were connected. After a comparative analysis of materials, a monolithic brick was used. The paper reports on first experiences with the first monolithic multi-family homes in connection with the passive house standard. Aspects of ecological and economic quality will be discussed. Source


Messari-Becker L.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Bollinger K.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Grohmann M.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure
Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems - Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2012 | Year: 2012

Buildings and constructions with an optimum of environmental effects and optimized cost during the whole life cycle can positively contribute to a sustainable development. During the planning of buildings, the task to reduce the production costs often dominates. Studies show that the follow-up costs of a thermally conditioned building dominate. The materials for the primary construction, the facade and the energy concept play an important and decisive role. Parallel to the above conditions, buildings around the world are increasingly evaluated according their ecological and economic qualities. The paper addresses the planning and optimization of the ecological quality of a building. Using an example of a building, principles and method of the life cycle assessment based of European standards are shown. The paper discusses results and potentials to reduce the pre- and follow-up effects. It shows the connection between the ecological and the economic accounting and discusses the implication for planning. Source


Bollinger K.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Grohmann M.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Tessmann O.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure
Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures | Year: 2010

New structural mechanics insights have always had repercussions on the design procedures for engineers. The structural typologies resulting from these procedures privilege certain solutions while dismissing others. Timber bridge constructions of different periods exemplify this development. Computational design tools offer new possibilities for design procedures that overcome predefined structural typologies and evolve highly context sensitive and adapted structures. An evolutionary design approach for a vector active pedestrian bridge in Germany is presented in this paper. Source


Bollinger K.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Grohmann M.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Loffler K.B.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure | Weilandt A.,Bollinger Grohmann Ingenieure
Bautechnik | Year: 2014

The discipline of structural engineering has always been of great importance for architecture. Architects like Antoni Gaudi, Felix Candela or Frei Otto have strongly influenced the architecture and particularly the structural design by their extraordinary view regarding structures. In the past, the development of special structures often required a long editing process. Numerous tests using models were usually accompanied by countless calculation proofs. The digital age allows developing complex shapes until implementation far more precise and faster. Using iterative or evolutionary generation processes, today highly sophisticated support systems come into being. The basis of such processes is firstly the precise definition of the requirements for the structure. The resulting parameters enable the computer to generate a multitude of variations in very short time. With an individual weight functioning of these parameters, the structural engineer controls the generation process. This design process is not compatible anymore with a conventional design process as it is described in the scope of work of the German HOAI. During classical design phases a gradual increase of the level of detail is defined. Whereas the early finding and weight functioning of the relevant parameters, which are necessary for the planning in an overall complex process, requires already a more precise detailing in the pre-design phase. © 2014 Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin. Source

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