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Mridha M.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Nihlen G.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Erlandsson B.-E.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Khan A.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education | And 4 more authors.
2013 2nd International Conference on E-Learning and E-Technologies in Education, ICEEE 2013 | Year: 2013

Inadequate educational resources, insufficient and unqualified teachers and health care providers, and lack of community involvement, are some of the causes that contribute to the poor state of education and health in rural Bangladesh. This is although, it is well known that, access to quality education and scientific knowledge is essential for creating economic growth and sustainable human development, including poverty alleviation and improvement of human health. In all countries and in the developing countries in particular, there is a need to employ Information and Communication Technology, ICT to gain global access to learning. ICT can address issues of educational equity, social exclusion and can deliver a more effective and accessible educational opportunities. It can also reduce cost of reaching and educating many rural students who are deprived of creative education due to lack of qualified teaching force. In Bangladesh, the education curriculum has been modernized to meet an international standard. For various reasons, qualified teachers are not keen to move to rural areas. The same is true in areas of health sectors where qualified medical doctors are not willing to move to rural areas. Therefore, we find enormous potentials for contribution of e-Learning and e-Health in empowering the rural educators as well as health care providers. A pilot project to test the potentials of e-Learning is implemented at a village Nohata in Magura district in Bangladesh (www.nuhat.org). Started in 2006, it has been using ICT tools to communicate, learn, and access international quality educational content. International quality teachers have been conducting teaching using videoconference system. Various relevant e-Learning aids have been developed to meet the local needs and conditions, you tube programmes covering different topics are carefully selected to meet the appropriate requirement of different target groups. The links are downloaded so that the students, the teachers, health workers, patients can follow the links off line, as many times as they want and discuss among themselves. The ICT tools are also being used to improve access to health care; enhance the quality of service delivery; improve the effectiveness of public health and primary care interventions; improve the shortage of health professionals through collaboration and training. ICT tools are offering solutions for emergency medical assistance, long-distance consultation, supervision quality assurance, and education and training for healthcare professionals and providers. The main challenges are to empower the rural people through creating locally relevant content for improving proficiency in English language, Mathematics, Science and Health care application and services considering the socio-cultural factors, to achieve health, education and economic development. Through careful selection and creation of relevant e-Learning materials, we intend to develop the rural community using the potential of rural people and adopting participatory approaches for building knowledge, skills and capacity. © 2013 IEEE.

Shahid S.,University of Management and Technology | Kashmiri M.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education | Adnan A.,The University of Lahore | Ali B.,University of Management and Technology
Asian Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2012

Phytochemical studies of the aerial parts of Abutilon muticum resulted in the isolation of eight new source compounds, which had not been isolated so far from this investigated source. The compounds isolated were: 3,4',5,6,7- pentahydroxy flavones; 3,3',4',5,7-penta hydroxy flavone-8-O-β-D- glucopyranoside, 3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxy flavones; stigmasterol, benzoic acid, 1-tricosanol, cholesterol and triacontyl palmitate. Proximate composition of A. muticum revealed that the protein content was appreciable (23.5 %) and similar to that of cotton (28.72 %). As far as human nutritional aspects are concerned A. muticum had significant mineral contents. Potassium is most abundant (443.01 mg/100 g), followed by calcium (395.23 mg/100 g), phosphorus (327.13 mg/100 g) and magnesium (193.42 mg/100 g). In addition hepatoprotective activity of A. muticum was evaluated against hepatic damage in rabbits. The substantially elevated enzyme levels were restored towards normalization significantly by the extracts. The biochemical observations were supplemented with histopathological examination of rabbit liver sections. These findings reveal A. muticum, indigenous to Pakistan to be potentially valuable herb for minerals, delivery of drugs and liver diseases.

Yasmin S.,University of Management and Technology | Kashmiri M.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education | Anwar K.,The University of Lahore
Journal of Medicinal Plant Research | Year: 2011

The objective of this investigation was to study the hepatoprotective activity of aqueous methanolic extracts of aerial parts of Abutilon bidentatum on carbon tetra chloride (CCl 4) and paracetamol induced liver damage in rabbits. The extracts at different dosages, administered orally for three days, significantly decrease serum enzymes; Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), Serum Glutamate Oxaloacetate (SGOT), Alkaline Phosphate (ALKP), and direct bilirubin. Silymarin was used as a standard hepatoprotective agent. The biochemical observations were supplemented with histopathological examination of rabbit liver sections. The results of this study strongly indicated that aerial parts of A. bidentatum had potent hepatoprotective action against CCl 4 and paracetamol induced hepatic damage in rabbits. These findings revealed A. bidentatum an indigenous plant to be a potentially valuable herb for liver diseases. © 2011 Academic Journals.

Mohy-Ud-Din A.,The University of Lahore | Khan Z.-U.-D.,The University of Lahore | Ahmad M.,The University of Lahore | Kashmiri M.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2010

The comparison of alkaloidal profile of delimited species in the 5 locally available taxa of S. nigrum complex were used to establish the boundaries among close taxonomic groups. Several glycoalkaloids (Solasonine, α-Solamargine, β-Solamargine and α-Solanine) and their aglycones (Solasodine and Solanidine) were analysed that were shown to be a valuable tool to resolve the international taxonomic controversy based on morphological characters. HPLC and GC-MS were used for the first time for the analysis of alkaloids in S. nigrum complex. Qualitative and quantitative comparison by cluster analysis demonstrated significant distances among S. chenopodioides and S. villosum as well as in S. americanum and S. nigrum, in their respective clusters, indicated them as distinct species. But S. retroflexum did not show such a marked difference and hence might be regarded as a variety or subspecies of S. nigrum.

Riaz T.,The University of Lahore | Aujla M.I.,The University of Lahore | Kashmiri M.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education | Shahzadi T.,The University of Lahore | And 2 more authors.
Asian Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2011

Polylactic acid is among the most important biodegradable polymers. To explore the feasibility of making polylactic acid through cheap and easy to use methods, the direct polycondensation of lactic acid at 200 °C under vacuum was investigated. Five samples of lactic acid were heated under vacuum. In three samples stannous chloride, glycerin and polyacrylamide gel were used as catalyst. Two samples were without the catalyst and heated at pressure 100 mm Hg with different time duration. The effects of catalysts and reaction time on the molecular weight and yield were studied. The polymer was characterized by infrared spectroscopy. The viscosity of the polymer was determined by Brookfield viscometer. The results showed that polymer which was heated under vacuum at 200 °C without the use of catalyst, had highest yield, highest viscosity and highest molecular weight.

Aujla M.I.,Forman Christian College | Kashmiri M.A.,Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education | Hussain M.,Government College University Lahore | Ismail T.,Government College University Lahore | Riaz T.,Government College University Lahore
Asian Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2011

Extraction of iron from bauxite ore was employed by phase extraction. Steps involved the formation and dispersion of the iron complex in aqueous phase and then extracting the iron complex by addition of organic solvent. Iron was complexed with oxalic acid and citric acid and the complex was extracted by adding ethyl acetate, chloroform and benzene as organic solvents. Chloroform gives 33 % of iron and 8.5 % extraction of aluminium with oxalic acid and 37 % extraction of iron and 10.2 % extraction of aluminium with citric acid (complexing agent). Benzene provides 30 % extraction of iron and 10 % extraction of aluminium with oxalic acid and 35 % extraction of iron along with 10.3 % that of aluminium with citric acid. Ethyl acetate gives different results of extraction by the phase separation method. Using oxalic acid, only 3.4 % extraction of iron and 9.29 % extraction of aluminium results, while 4.34 % iron extraction with citric acid were observed under the same conditions. The extraction of aluminium was zero, which is the requirement of the process. Comparison of extraction shows that chloroform and benzene give almost similar extraction results for aluminium and iron with citric acid and oxalic acid. Ethyl acetate give comparatively lesser extraction with both acid complexes but it gives direction towards removal of iron without removing useful aluminium from the ore sample.

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