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Geva R.,Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center | Vecchione L.,University Hospital Gasthuisberg | Kalogeras K.T.,Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group HeCOG | Jensen B.V.,Herlev Hospital | And 25 more authors.

Objective We aimed to better clarify the role of germline variants of the FCG2 receptor, FCGR2A-H131R and FCGR3A-V158F, on the therapeutic efficacy of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). A large cohort with sufficient statistical power was assembled. Design To show a HR advantage of 0.6 in progression-free survival (PFS) for FCGR2A-HH versus the rest and FCGR3A-VV versus the rest, with an 80% power, 80 Kirsten Rat Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog (KRAS) wild-type (KRAS-WT) and 52 KRAS-WT patients are required, respectively. This leads to a total sample size of 952 and 619 patients, respectively. Samples were collected from 1123 mCRC patients from 15 European centres treated with cetuximab alone or in combination with chemotherapy. Fc gamma receptor (FCGR) status was centrally genotyped. Two additional externally genotyped series were included. Results: Incidences of FCGR2A-HH and FCGR3A-VV in KRAS-WT patients were 220/660 (33%) and 109/676 (16.1%) respectively. There was no difference in median PFS (mPFS) for KRAS-WT patients with FCGR2A-HH (22.0 weeks; 95% CI18.8 to 25.2) versus non-HH (22.0 weeks; 95% CI 19.4 to 24.6) or for FCGR3A-VV (16.4 weeks; 95% CI 13.0 to 19.8) versus non-VV (23 weeks; 95% CI 21.1 to 24.9) (p=0.06). Median overall survival, response rate and disease control rate assessments showed no benefit for either HH or VV. Conclusions: No differences in mPFS were found between the FCGR polymorphisms HH and the others and VV versus the others in KRAS-WT mCRC patients refractory to irinotecan, oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil treated with cetuximab. We cannot confirm the effects of other IgG1 antibodies, which may be weaker than previously suggested. Other markers may be needed to study the actual host antibody response to cetuximab. Source

Biganzoli L.,New Prato Hospital | Lichtman S.,Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew York | Michel J.-P.,University of Geneva | Papamichael D.,Bo Cyprus Oncology Center | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer

Compared with intravenous (i.v.) chemotherapy, oral administration is convenient, requires fewer healthcare resources, is generally preferred by patients, and may be appropriate in older people with breast, colorectal and lung cancers. The effects of organ dysfunction on drug metabolism and drug interactions in patients with multiple comorbidities must be considered but are not specific to oral chemotherapy. Single-agent oral chemotherapy with capecitabine or vinorelbine is active in older patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Choice of treatment is based mainly on different safety profiles. In the adjuvant treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), single-agent oral capecitabine is an effective alternative to i.v. fluorouracil (5-FU) regimens. In metastatic CRC, oral, single-agent capecitabine has recently shown encouraging median overall survival in combination with bevacizumab. In non-small cell lung cancer, fit older patients, like their younger counterparts, benefit from platinum-based doublets, with carboplatin preferred to cisplatin. Single agent vinorelbine is an option for those less suited to combination chemotherapy, and oral may be an alternative to i.v. administration. For elderly cancer patients in general, metronomic chemotherapy combines good tolerability with acceptable activity. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Papamichael D.,Bo Cyprus Oncology Center | Audisio R.A.,St. Helens Teaching Hospital | Glimelius B.,Uppsala University | Glynne-Jones R.,Mount Vernon Hospital | And 15 more authors.
Annals of Oncology

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in Europe and worldwide, with the peak incidence in patients > 70 years of age. However, as the treatment algorithms for the treatment of patients with CRC become ever more complex, it is clear that a significant percentage of older CRC patients (>70 years) are being less than optimally treated. This document provides a summary of an International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) task force meeting convened in Paris in 2013 to update the existing expert recommendations for the treatment of older (geriatric) CRC patients published in 2009 and includes overviews of the recent data on epidemiology, geriatric assessment as it relates to surgery and oncology, and the ability of older CRC patients to tolerate surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy, treatment of their metastatic disease including palliative chemotherapy with and without the use of the biologics, and finally the use of adjuvant and palliative radiotherapy in the treatment of older rectal cancer patients. An overview of each area was presented by one of the task force experts and comments invited from other task force members. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. Source

Andre T.,Hopital St. Antoine | Andre T.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Andre T.,Groupe Cooperateur Multdisciplinaire en Ocologie GERCOR Oncology Multidisciplinary Group | De Gramont A.,Institute Hospitalier Franco Britannique | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology

Purpose: The MOSAIC (Multicenter International Study of Oxaliplatin/Fluorouracil/Leucovorin in the Adjuvant Treatment of Colon Cancer) study has demonstrated 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and 6-year overall survival (OS) benefit of adjuvant oxaliplatin in stage II to III resected colon cancer. This update presents 10-year OS and OS and DFS by mismatch repair (MMR) status and BRAF mutation. Methods: Survival actualization after 10-year follow-up was performed in 2,246 patients with resected stage II to III colon cancer. We assessed MMR status and BRAF mutation in 1,008 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens. Results: After a median follow-up of 9.5 years, 10-year OS rates in the bolus/infusional fluorouracil plus leucovorin (LV5FU2) and LV5FU2 plus oxaliplatin (FOLFOX4) arms were 67.1% versus 71.7% (hazard ratio [HR], 0.85; P = .043) in the whole population, 79.5% versus 78.4% for stage II (HR, 1.00; P = .980), and 59.0% versus 67.1% for stage III (HR, 0.80; P = .016) disease. Ninety-five patients (9.4%) had MMR-deficient (dMMR) tumors, and 94 (10.4%) had BRAF mutation. BRAF mutation was not prognostic for OS (P = .965), but dMMR was an independent prognostic factor (HR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.55; P = .014). HRs for DFS and OS benefit in the FOLFOX4 arm were 0.48 (95% CI, 0.20 to 1.12) and 0.41 (95% CI, 0.16 to 1.07), respectively, in patients with stage II to III dMMR and 0.50 (95% CI, 0.25 to 1.00) and 0.66 (95% CI, 0.31 to 1.42), respectively, in those with BRAF mutation. Conclusion: The OS benefit of oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy, increasing over time and with the disease severity, was confirmed at 10 years in patients with stage II to III colon cancer. These updated results support the use of FOLFOX in patients with stage III disease, including those with dMMR or BRAF mutation. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

Kyriakou F.,Bo Cyprus Oncology Center | Kountourakis P.,Bo Cyprus Oncology Center | Papamichael D.,Bo Cyprus Oncology Center
Targeted Oncology

Colorectal cancer remains a major cause of cancer mortality in the Western world. With a median age at presentation of 71, patients with metastatic disease are often elderly with significant co-morbidities. In addition, elderly patients are more likely to be undertreated and under-represented in clinical trials. Therefore, as the available data from clinical trials are scarce, the optimal treatment strategy for this group of patients has not been adequately defined. In the setting of metastatic colorectal cancer, the introduction of so called targeted agents has significantly improved outcomes in the context of randomized clinical trials, while at the same time increasing treatment options for such patients. This review focuses on the role of targeted therapies in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, with specific reference to toxicity and tolerability. It should be noted that studies reviewed herein will have mostly included fit elderly patients fulfilling specific inclusion criteria. The available data so far are limited but suggest that targeted agents have similar efficacy and tolerability in elderly fit patients when compared with younger ones, provided caution is exercised in specific high-risk sub-groups. Clearly, further studies aimed at this specific patient population using wellestablished geriatric end-points will hopefully identify those patients more likely to benefit and less likely to suffer severe side effects. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source

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