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University Heights, OH, United States

Bluffton University is a Christian liberal arts college affiliated with the Mennonite Church USA located in Bluffton, Ohio. It was founded in 1899 as Central Mennonite College and became Bluffton College in 1913. The name Bluffton University was adopted in 2004. Bluffton "seeks to prepare students of all backgrounds for life as well as vocation, for responsible citizenship, for service to all peoples and ultimately for the purposes of God’s universal kingdom." Wikipedia.

Harknett R.J.,University of Cincinnati | Callaghan J.P.,University of Cincinnati | Kauffman R.,Bluffton University
Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management | Year: 2010

How should the United States organize itself to deal with the threat of cyberaggression? The initial effort of the Obama Administration, released in May 2009, focuses attention on the organizational and bureaucratic decisionmaking infrastructure necessary for cybersecurity and provides some general guidelines about goals and means. It does not address the more fundamental question of strategic approach. This article suggests the time has come to resolve the core issue of what organizing principle should drive national cybersecurity policy. Specifically, we argue that an offense-defense strategic framework must be adopted to think about and organize against cyber threats in the 21st century. This means that the United States must set aside deterrence - the dominant strategic anchor of the past fifty-plus years - and adopt a full war-fighting posture. What has worked in the nuclear realm, and remains relevant for homeland security against WMD terrorism, will not work in cyberspace. © 2010 Berkeley Electronic Press. All rights reserved. Source

Over the past century, theologians and ethicists have expressed unease with the growing problem of competition in human relationships. While most agree that competition dissolves relationships of fidelity and trust between people, many have argued on the basis of the political mythology of social contract theory that competition is a natural, albeit sad, fact of being human. This article examines and aligns three responses to the problem of competition in human relationships from Jean Vanier, Carl Rogers, and James Alison. In contrast to the view that human beings are naturally competitive, Vanier, Rogers, and Alison have each reinterpreted human being as depending on the cultivation of noncompetitive relationships that require interdependence in vulnerability, acceptance of others, and a vision of fully human life compatible with and modeled in the experience of disability. Vanier and Rogers developed their anthropologies in relation to the L'Arche communities and psychotherapy respectively, and did not concentrate specifically on traditional systematic theological topics. Alison, however, has focused on traditional theological topics, particularly redemption. This essay suggests that the noncompetitive anthropology developed in Vanier and Rogers helpfully complements the doctrine of redemption developed by Alison and so assists in changing the focus of Christian discussions of salvation from adversarial, forensic and competitive accounts of the Atonement to practice-oriented and social views of becoming human in belonging with others. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Carlini B.H.,Alere Wellbeing | Carlini B.H.,University of Washington | McDaniel A.M.,Indiana University | Weaver M.T.,Indiana University | And 4 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2012

Background: Tobacco dependence is a chronic, relapsing condition that typically requires multiple quit attempts and extended treatment. When offered the opportunity, relapsed smokers are interested in recycling back into treatment for a new, assisted quit attempt. This manuscript presents the results of a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of interactive voice response (IVR) in recycling low income smokers who had previously used quitline (QL) support back to QL support for a new quit attempt. Methods: A sample of 2985 previous QL callers were randomized to either receive IVR screening for current smoking (control group) or IVR screening plus an IVR intervention. The IVR intervention consists of automated questions to identify and address barriers to re-cycling in QL support, followed by an offer to be transferred to the QL and reinitiate treatment. Re-enrollment in QL services for both groups was documented. Results: The IVR system successfully reached 715 (23.9%) former QL participants. Of those, 27% (194/715) reported to the IVR system that they had quit smoking and were therefore excluded from the study and analysis. The trials final sample was composed of 521 current smokers. The re-enrollment rate was 3.3% for the control group and 28.2% for the intervention group (p≤.001). Logistic regression results indicated an 11.2 times higher odds for re-enrollment of the intervention group than the control group (p≤.001). Results did not vary by gender, race, ethnicity, or level of education, however recycled smokers were older (Mean =45.2; SD = 11.7) than smokers who declined a new treatment cycle (Mean = 41.8; SD = 13.2); (p = 0.013). The main barriers reported for not engaging in a new treatment cycle were low self-efficacy and lack of interest in quitting. After delivering IVR messages targeting these reported barriers, 32% of the smokers reporting low self-efficacy and 4.8% of those reporting lack of interest in quitting re-engaged in a new QL treatment cycle. Conclusion: Proactive IVR outreach is a promising tool to engage low income, relapsed smokers back into a new cycle of treatment. Integration of IVR intervention for recycling smokers with previous QL treatment has the potential to decrease tobacco-related disparities. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01260597. © 2012 Carlini et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Klein E.G.,Ohio State University | Liber A.C.,International Tobacco Control Research | Kauffman R.M.,Bluffton University | Berman M.,Ohio State University | Ferketich A.K.,Ohio State University
Journal of Community Health | Year: 2014

In Appalachian areas, strong tobacco control policies are not in place, so residents are not adequately protected from secondhand smoke exposure. This area is predominantly rural, and residents experience a high burden of tobacco-related illnesses. There has been limited examination of elements that hinder smoke-free policy adoption in these vulnerable communities. Key informant interviews were conducted with individuals identified as being knowledgeable about local tobacco control policy activities within a random selection of Appalachian communities within 6 states with (n = 15) and without (n = 12) local smoke-free policies. Five key themes emerged from the qualitative interviews: (1) opposition to tobacco control, (2) need for local involvement, (3) role of community coalitions, (4) leveraging outside advocates, and (5) working with decision makers. In Appalachian communities, the local context and locally-based coalitions were critical to promote the adoption of smoke-free policies. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Rich R.L.,Bluffton University | Laing M.,University of KwaZulu - Natal
Educacion Quimica | Year: 2011

Nature is clever in that no single and simple periodic chart can reveal all of the important relationships among the chemical elements. For some uses, however, we can maximize these revelations by giving up some simplicity, and we wish herewith to present what we may hope is an appealing way of doing precisely that. The purposes are both to promote teaching by calling attention to a novel periodic scheme, and to facilitate the discovery and use of similarities that may otherwise escape notice in research, writing and the development of materials. We begin with a very brief look at the history of such charts, as developed for example in The New Encyclopædia Britannica (1991). We do not attempt to review or even list all of the vast recent literature on periodicity, but Mazurs (a) (1974) gives a very useful earlier review. © Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Source

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