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Bloomsburg, PA, United States

Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, commonly referred to as Bloomsburg, BU or Bloom, is a comprehensive public university located in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, United States. It is one of the 14 state universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education . Bloomsburg University is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, AACSB, NCATE, ABET, and by many other specialized accrediting agencies. Wikipedia.

Polhill J.,Bloomsburg University
Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A | Year: 2010

A partial difference set with parameters (v,v-1/2,v-5/4,v-1/4) is said to be of Paley type. In this paper, we give a recursive theorem that for all odd n>1 constructs Paley partial difference sets in certain groups of order n4 and 9n4. We are also able to construct Paley-Hadamard difference sets of the Stanton-Sprott family in groups of order n4(n4±2) when n4±2 is a prime power and 9n4(9n4±2) when 9n4±2 is a prime power. Many of these are new parameters for such difference sets, and also give new Hadamard designs and matrices. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Rawson E.S.,Bloomsburg University
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2010

Reportedly, muscle fatigue in older individuals is greater, less than, or similar to young individuals, potentially because of differences in muscle groups studied, type of contraction, continuous vs. intermittent contractions, exercise duration, duty cycle, and contraction speed. During a single set of isokinetic mode knee extensions, muscle fatigue is similar between older and younger individuals. However, repeated sets may favor the more oxidative nature of muscle from older adults and may be necessary to reveal age-associated enhanced fatigue resistance. The purpose of this investigation was to compare muscular fatigue induced by repeated sets of intermittent isokinetic mode knee extensions in older and younger males. Nineteen older (mean ± SD) (66 ± 6 yr) and 16 younger (21 ± 2 yr) men completed 5 sets of 30 isokinetic mode knee extensions at 180 degrees/second. In the analysis of absolute fatigue, both groups significantly decreased torque production during each set, with young men having significantly higher torque production during all 5 sets. Relative fatigue was significantly greater in young participants during sets 2 through 5 (old vs. young: set 2: 17.1 vs. 26.6%; set 3: 25.5 vs. 39.7%; set 4: 28.1 vs. 45.1%; set 5: 29.3 vs. 46.4%; overall relative fatigue: old 22.2%; young 38.1%). These data indicate enhanced fatigue resistance in older men, which was revealed using repeated sets of intermittent contractions. Resistance to muscle fatigue is only one component of healthy aging muscle, and perhaps exercise interventions targeted toward prevention of falls in the elderly should focus on improved muscle power rather than fatigability/ sustainability of contractions. © 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association. Source

The ingestion of the dietary supplement creatine (about 20 g/day for 5 days or about 2 g/day for 30 days) results in increased skeletal muscle creatine and phosphocreatine. Subsequently, the performance of high-intensity exercise tasks, which rely heavily on the creatine-phosphocreatine energy system, is enhanced. The well documented benefits of creatine supplementation in young adults, including increased lean body mass, increased strength, and enhanced fatigue resistance are particularly important to older adults. With aging and reduced physical activity, there are decreases in muscle creatine, muscle mass, bone density, and strength. However, there is evidence that creatine ingestion may reverse these changes, and subsequently improve activities of daily living. Several groups have demonstrated that in older adults, short-term high-dose creatine supplementation, independent of exercise training, increases body mass, enhances fatigue resistance, increases muscle strength, and improves the performance of activities of daily living. Similarly, in older adults, concurrent creatine supplementation and resistance training increase lean body mass, enhance fatigue resistance, increase muscle strength, and improve performance of activities of daily living to a greater extent than resistance training alone. Additionally, creatine supplementation plus resistance training results in a greater increase in bone mineral density than resistance training alone. Higher brain creatine is associated with improved neuropsychological performance, and recently, creatine supplementation has been shown to increase brain creatine and phosphocreatine. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that cognitive processing, that is either experimentally (following sleep deprivation) or naturally (due to aging) impaired, can be improved with creatine supplementation. Creatine is an inexpensive and safe dietary supplement that has both peripheral and central effects. The benefits afforded to older adults through creatine ingestion are substantial, can improve quality of life, and ultimately may reduce the disease burden associated with sarcopenia and cognitive dysfunction. Source

Smith P.A.,Bloomsburg University
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research | Year: 2011

To examine resource allocation and sentence processing, this study examined the effects of auditory distraction on grammaticality judgment (GJ) of sentences varied by semantics (reversibility) and short-term memory requirements. Experiment 1: Typical young adult females (N = 60) completed a whole-sentence GJ task in distraction (Quiet, Noise, or Talk). Participants judged grammaticality of Passive sentences varied by sentence (length), grammaticality, and reversibility. Reaction time (RT) data were analyzed using a mixed analysis of variance. Experiment 2: A similar group completed a self-paced reading GJ task using the similar materials. Results: Experiment 1: Participants responded faster to Bad and to Nonreversible sentences, and in the Talk distraction. The slowest RTs were noted for Good-Reversible-Padded sentences in the Quiet condition. Experiment 2: Distraction did not differentially affect RTs for sentence components. Verb RTs were slower for Reversible sentences. Results suggest that narrative distraction affected GJ, but by speeding responses, not slowing them. Sentence variables of memory and reversibility slowed RTs, but narrative distraction resulted in faster processing times regardless of individual sentence variables. More explicit, deliberate tasks (self-paced reading) resulted in less effect from distraction. are discussed in terms of recent theories about auditory distraction. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Source

Jaynes S.,Bloomsburg University
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work | Year: 2014

Social work educators are in a good position to encourage the uptake of evidence-based practice more widely throughout the profession. Despite increasing attention being paid to it within professional literature, it seems to be making inroads to practice only very slowly. This article interprets that slow uptake as a function of confusion about the definition and scope of evidence-based practice, and also as an expression of the distance between the practice and research communities within the profession. Practice-based research is introduced as a framework that responds to both of these concerns. Finally the importance of social work education as a catalyst of evidence-based practice is articulated and the five-step evidence-based practice process is explicated with considerations from practice-based research incorporated along with pedagogical implications. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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