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Benetatos L.,Blood Bank | Vartholomatos G.,University of Ioannina | Hatzimichael E.,University of Ioannina
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2014

Polycomb group proteins (PcGs) are transcriptional repressors involved in physiological processes whereas PcG deregulation might result in oncogenesis. MYC oncogene is able to regulate gene transcription, proliferation, apoptosis, and malignant transformation. MYC deregulation might result in tumorigenesis with tumor maintenance properties in both solid and blood cancers. Although the interaction of PcG and MYC in cancer was described years ago, new findings are reported every day to explain the exact mechanisms and results of such interactions. In this review, we summarize recent data on the PcG and MYC interactions in cancer, and the putative involvement of microRNAs in the equation. © 2013 Springer Basel. Source

McGann H.,Blood Bank | Wenk R.E.,Sinai Hospital
Immunohematology | Year: 2010

Antibodies of apparent D specificity may be found in D+ patients. We report a D+, multi-transfused Caucasian woman with myelodysplasia who exhibited several alloantibodies. One antibody was a moderately strong (2+) anti-D that persisted for 9 months, until the woman died. Molecular analysis of the patient's RHD gene identified the rare weak D type 21 (938C>T) allele. D alloantibodies do not occur in patients with most weak D types, but some patients with a weak D phenotype, including those with type 21, can produce antibodies to nonself epitopes of the wild-type D antigen. Source

Benetatos L.,Blood Bank | Vartholomatos G.,University of Ioannina
Leukemia | Year: 2015

Genomic imprinting is characterized by the parent-of-origin monoallelic expression of several diploid genes because of epigenetic regulation. Imprinted genes (IGs) are key factors in development, supporting the ability of a genotype to produce phenotypes in response to environmental stimuli. IGs are highly expressed during prenatal stages but are downregulated after birth. They also affect aspects of life other than growth such as cognition, behavior, adaption to novel environments, social dominance and memory consolidation. Deregulated genomic imprinting leads to developmental disorders and is associated with solid and blood cancer as well. Several data have been published highlighting the involvement of IGs in as early as the very small embryonic-like stem cells stage and further during myeloid lineage commitment in normal and malignant hematopoiesis. Therefore, we have assembled the current knowledge on the topic, based mainly on recent findings, trying not to focus on a particular cluster but rather to have a global view of several different IGs in hematopoiesis. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

Agnihotri N.,Blood Bank
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Year: 2010

Introduction: Deferrals lead to loss of precious whole blood donors (WBD) and blood units available for transfusion purposes. Knowledge of rate and causes of donor deferral can guide the recruitment strategy for WBD. Aim: To find the incidence and causes of deferral in Indian WBD and apply relevant findings to modify recruitment strategy for blood donors. Materials and Methods: Data for WBD presenting for donation in a blood center and outdoor camps over one and half year were analyzed retrospectively. National guidelines were used for selection and deferral of WBD. Result: 736 (11.6%) WBD were deferred out of 6357 presenting for donation during the study period. Most (69.8%) of the donors were deferred on physical examination and hemoglobin (Hb) testing. Most common reasons for deferral were low Hb (55.8%), abnormal blood pressure (11.1%), medication (6.9%) and underweight donors (2.9%). Significantly more volunteers were deferred than relative donors (13.97% vs 5.80%; P<0.000). Females were found to have higher deferral rate than males (53.5% vs 6.9%; P=0.000) and higher odds ratio for deferral (15.4). Donors older than 40 years of age had significantly higher chance of being deferred (P<0.05). Discussion and Conclusion: It is important to determine the rate and causes of WBD deferral to guide the recruitment and retention efforts at local, regional, and national level. Source

Benetatos L.,Blood Bank | Vartholomatos G.,University of Ioannina
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2013

MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNAs, known regulators of several signaling pathways cell differentiation and proliferation, development, and apoptosis, which are deregulated in acute leukemia. Mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene encodes a protein with histone methyltransferase activity, which is essential for the fine tuning of hematopoietic stem cell development and differentiation through the regulation of HOXA and MEIS1. MLL gene rearrangements characterize both acute myeloid and acute lymphoblastic leukemia associated with poor outcomes. MicroRNAs and MLL rearrangements are in tight association regulating each other expression, affecting cell cycle regulators, and composing complex networks with factors involved in leukemogenesis such as MYC and FLT3. MLL fusion genes are also capable of recruiting DNA methyltransferases at microRNAs promoters controlling their expression through epigenetic changes. Direct drug targeting of MLL has been difficult to achieve, and in this context, microRNA expression modulation represents an attractive approach. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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