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Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône, France

Xavier E.,Eurocord International Registry | Cornillon J.,Cancer Institute Lucien Neuwirth | Ruggeri A.,Eurocord International Registry | Chevallier P.,University of Nantes | And 14 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2015

Outcomes after umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) are unknown. We analyzed outcomes of 68 patients with poor-risk CLL/SLL who underwent reduced-intensity (RIC) UCBT from 2004 to 2012. The median age was 57 years and median follow-up 36 months; 17 patients had del 17p/p53mutation, 19 patients had fludarabine-refractory disease, 11 relapsed after autologous stem cell transplantation, 8 had diagnosis of prolymphocytic leukemia, 4 had Richter syndrome, and 8 underwent transplantation with progressive or refractory disease. The most common RIC used was cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and total body irradiation (TBI) in 82%; 15patients received antithymocyte globulin. Most of the cord blood grafts were HLA mismatched and 76% received a double UCBT. Median total nucleated cells collected was 4.7× 107/kg. The cumulative incidences (CI) of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 84% and 72% at 60 and 180 days respectively; day 100 graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (grade II to IV) was 43% and 3-year chronic GVHD was 32%. The CI of relapse, nonrelapse mortality, overall survival, and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years were 16%, 39%, 54%, and 45%, respectively. Fludarabine-sensitive disease at transplantation and use of low-dose TBI regimens were associated with acceptable PFS. In conclusion, use of RIC-UCBT seems to be feasible in patients with poor-risk CLL/SLL and improved outcomes were observed in patients with fludarabine-sensitive disease who received low-dose TBI regimens. © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Malard F.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Malard F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Milpied N.,University Hospital and University of Bordeaux | Blaise D.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | And 10 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2015

This retrospective report compared the 4-year outcomes of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in 651 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia receiving a reduced-intensity (RIC) or nonmyeloablative conditioning (NMA) regimen according to the type of unrelated donors. These were either umbilical cord blood (UCB, n = 205), a 9/10 mismatched unrelated donor (MisMUD, n = 99), or a 10/10 matched unrelated donor (MUD, n = 347) graft. Neutrophil recovery was slower in UCB (74.5% by day 42) compared with MisMUD (94.8%) and MUD (95.6%) (. P < .001). There was no significant difference in nonrelapse mortality between UCB and both MUD (hazard ratio [HR], 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], .62 to 1.78; P = .85) and MisMUD (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, .88 to 2.83; P = .13) The relapse/progression was similar between UCB and MisMUD (HR, .62; 95% CI, .37 to 1.03; P = .07), but was significantly lower in MUD compared with UCB (HR, .60; 95% CI, .39 to .92; P = .02). The rate of extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was similar between UCB and both MUD (HR, 2.15; 95% CI, .93 to 4.97; P = .08) and MisMUD (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, .68 to 4.95; P = .23). The rate of severe grade III and IV acute GVHD was significantly increased in MisMUD compared with UCB (HR, 2.61; 95% CI, 1.30 to 5.23; P = .007). There was no significant difference in overall survival between UCB and both MisMUD (HR, .98; 95% CI, .66 to 1.45; P = .92) and MUD (HR, .74; 95% CI, .52 to 1.03; P = .08). These data suggest that in the setting of RIC/NMA, allo-SCT UCB is a valid alternative graft source, with significantly less chronic GVHD, compared with MisMUD, when there is no MUD available or when urgent transplantation is needed. © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Detrait M.Y.,University of Lyon | Morisset S.,Clinical Research Unit | Peffault De Latour R.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | Yakoub-Agha I.,Lille University Hospital Center | And 10 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2015

Sclerotic chronic GvHD (cGvHD) is one of the most severe complications after allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors associated with this complication remain not very well defined. With the aim to define a pre-transplantation risk profile, we have conducted a French retrospective analysis in 705 consecutive patients between 2005 and 2010. Analyses to determine pre-transplantation risk factors included as variables: patient and donor age, kind of donor, HLA matching, ABO matching, sex-matching, diagnosis, stem cell source, gender, GvHD prophylaxis and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in the conditioning regimen. The cumulative incidence of sclerotic cGvHD was 18% (95% CI, 16.6-19.6) 3 years after onset of cGvHD. In univariate analysis, we found a significantly lower number of sclerotic cGvHD form in patients transplanted from cord blood cells (P=0.0021), in patients with a one mismatched donor (P=0.041) and in patients who had received ATG in the conditioning regimen (P=0.002). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with an increased risk of sclerotic cGvHD were young patient age, multiple myeloma and PBSC as the stem cell source. ATG in conditioning regimen and cord blood unit as the stem cell source were associated with a lower risk. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Philippe M.,Groupement Hospitalier Sud | Ranchon F.,Groupement Hospitalier Sud | Ranchon F.,University of Lyon | Gilis L.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | And 16 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

After allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), BK virus-associated hemorrhagic cystitis (BKV-HC) is a common complication. Although supportive measures have been the standard of care for many years, several studies suggested the efficacy of cidofovir. The aim of this study was to assess the safety profile and efficacy of cidofovir. A retrospective study was conducted on all patients treated with cidofovir in our HSCT unit between March 2011 and May 2013. Data for efficacy (partial [PR] or complete response [CR]), prescription (dose, frequency, number of doses, and administration route), and toxicity were collected from published reports and medical files. Renal toxicity was evaluated using creatinine clearance calculated with the Cockcroft and Gault formula. A parallel literature search using PubMed (last search, May 2015) was performed. From March 2011 to June 2013, 27 of 181 patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT in our department received cidofovir for BKV-HC: 24 (88.9%) intravenously, 1 intravesically, and 2 via both routes. Mean dose was 5 mg/kg per administration, for a median of 4 injections (range, 1 to 11), from twice a week to once every 2 weeks. CR was achieved in 22 patients (81.5%), PR in 2, and no response in 2 patients. Eight patients presented renal failure (29.6%): 6 moderate (creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min) and 2 severe (creatinine clearance < 30 mLmin). Mean decrease in creatinine clearance after cidofovir was 27% (35 mL/min; range, 2 to 159). In 3 cases renal insufficiency and hematologic toxicity led to discontinuation of treatment or switch to intravesical instillation. For 3 patients cidofovir dose was reduced because of nephrotoxicity. Thirteen studies have reported on the use of cidofovir for BKV-HC (204 patients) since 2005. Intravenous cidofovir was used for 91.3% of patients, with doses ranging from.5 to 5 mg/kg. The main toxicity reported was renal failure (9% to 50% in 9 studies). Between 60% and 100% of CRs were observed independently of cidofovir dose or administration route. Cidofovir is an effective therapy for BKV-HC but requires very precise renal function management to avoid toxicity. Cidofovir treatment modalities (high dose, intravesical instillation, or low dose [≤1 mg/kg]) needs to be investigated in randomized controlled trials. © 2016 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Michallet M.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | Goldet K.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | Sobh M.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | Morisset S.,Blood and Marrow Transplantation Unit | And 14 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2013

Background: Despite frequent anemia and multiple transfusions in patients undergoing chemotherapy and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for acute myeloid leukemia, recommendations for use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in these populations are still missing. The primary objective was the effect of ESA administration on patient's quality of life (QoL). Secondary objectives were hemoglobin (Hb) recovery, red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, overall survival, and event-free survival. Methods: Adult patients with Hb ≤ 11 g/dL after consolidation chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (group 1), or after allo-HSCT for any hematological diseases (group 2), were prospectively included. ESA was administered subcutaneously once per week during a maximum period of 6 months and was stopped when Hb level reached 12 g/dL. A paired-matched analysis using a historical control group was performed for secondary endpoints. Fifty-two patients were included in group 1, and 55 patients were in group 2. Results: For the global population, a significant improvement of QoL was noticed with ESA use; 83% (group 1) and 71% (group 2) of patients achieved an Hb level ≥ 12 g/dL without transfusion requirement. The pair-matched analysis showed a reduction of 4 RBC units per patient in group 1 (P =.0002) and 3 RBC units per patient in group 2 (P =.04). No significant difference in terms of thromboembolic events, overall survival, and event-free survival was observed between ESA and control groups. A RBC transfusion median savings of €1712 per patient was estimated in each group. Conclusions: ESAs have a clinical and economic benefit on Hb recovery, could improve a patient's QoL, and lead to a significant reduction in number of RBC transfusions with no effect on survival. © 2012 American Cancer Society.

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