Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute

Peoria, IL, United States

Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute

Peoria, IL, United States

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Fogarty P.F.,University of Pennsylvania | Tarantino M.D.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Brainsky A.,Glaxosmithkline | Signorovitch J.,Analysis Group Inc. | Grotzinger K.M.,Glaxosmithkline
Current Medical Research and Opinion | Year: 2012

Objective: To evaluate the World Health Organization's (WHO) Bleeding Scale in two studies of eltrombopag in adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Research design and methods: Validated scales assessing bleeding in adults with ITP are lacking. Data from two long-term, phase 3 clinical trials (RAISE: NCT00370331; EXTEND: NCT00351468) that assessed eltrombopag in adults with chronic ITP were analyzed to evaluate the performance of the WHO Bleeding Scale. Results: In RAISE, effect size (0.71), standardized response (0.75), and responsiveness statistics (0.57) were moderate for bleeding and bruising assessments. In EXTEND, effect size (0.62) and responsiveness statistics (0.59) were moderate; the standardized response statistic was 0.487. Intraclass correlation for testretest reliability was 0.75 in RAISE and 0.71 in EXTEND. A positive correlation was observed between the WHO Bleeding Scale and the ITP Bleeding Scale. Bleeding scores and quality-of-life measures were inversely correlated (p<0.05 for all). Minimal important differences for the WHO Bleeding Scale were 0.330.40 at baseline and last on-treatment assessment in both studies. Limitations: The majority of bleeding in these studies was mild to moderate, so this analysis cannot provide strong evidence of the validity of the WHO Bleeding Scale in patients with more severe bleeding. Potential limitations to the WHO Bleeding Scale itself include dependence on clinician interpretation of patient recall, inability to distinguish among bleeding events occurring at different anatomical sites, and an inherent assumption of linear increases in severity of bleeding across the response categories. Conclusions: These findings suggest potential usefulness of the WHO Bleeding Scale in adult patients with chronic ITP for standardizing grading of bleeding across research studies and in clinical practice. © 2012 Informa UK Ltd.

Despotovic J.M.,Baylor College of Medicine | Despotovic J.M.,Children's Hospital of Philadelphia | Despotovic J.M.,University of Pennsylvania | Despotovic J.M.,Thomas Jefferson University | And 52 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2012

Anti-D immune globulin (RhIG) is a front-line option in North America for the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children and adults. Recently, addition of a Food and Drug Administration-mandated black box warning highlighted the risks of intravascular hemolysis, renal failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation after anti-D infusion, prompting concern within the medical community regarding its use. A working group convened in response to this warning to prepare a consensus document regarding the safety of RhIG because there has been no increased incidence of adverse events since the initial discovery of these reactions many years ago. The efficacy of anti-D is well documented and only briefly reviewed. The estimated incidence and proposed mechanisms for the rare, major treatment-related complications are discussed, and signal detection data associated with heightened risk of acute hemolytic reactions are presented. The importance of considering host factors, given the rarity of severe reactions, is emphasized. Safety profiles of parallel treatment options are reviewed. The working group consensus is that RhIG has comparable safety and efficacy to other front-line agents for the treatment of children and adults with ITP. Safety may be further improved by careful patient selection. © 2011 American Association of Blood Banks.

Roberts J.C.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Flood V.H.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Flood V.H.,Childrens Hospital of Wisconsin
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology | Year: 2015

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is considered the most common inherited bleeding disorder and may also be the most difficult to diagnose. Clinical symptoms of VWD include predominantly mild mucosal bleeding; surgical bleeding may occur with specific challenges and joint bleeding can occur in the most severe forms. A family history either of diagnosed VWD or of bleeding symptoms is typically present. Laboratory diagnosis requires a series of assays of von Willebrand factor (VWF) quantity and function, and factor VIII activity, with no single straightforward diagnostic test available to either confirm or exclude the diagnosis. Newer assays of VWF function are becoming more available and useful in determining the laboratory diagnosis of VWD. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Roberts J.C.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Roberts J.C.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Morateck P.A.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Christopherson P.A.,Medical College of Wisconsin | And 4 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2016

Approximately 20% to 25% of patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) have a qualitative defect of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) protein activities. Variant VWD typically is classified as type 1C, 2A, 2B, 2M, or 2N depending on the VWF activity defect. Traditionally, diagnosis has relied on multiple clinical laboratory assays to assign VWD phenotype. We developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure the various activities of VWF on a single plate and evaluated 160 patient samples enrolled in the Zimmerman Program for the Molecular and Clinical Biology of von Willebrand Disease with type 2 VWD. Using linear discriminate analysis (LDA), this assay was able to identify type 1C, 2A, 2B, 2M, or 2N VWD with an overall accuracy of 92.5% in the patient study cohort. LDA jackknife analysis, a statistical resampling technique, identified variant VWD with an overall accuracy of 88.1%, which predicts the assay's performance in the general population. In addition, this assay demonstrated correlation with traditional clinical laboratory VWF assays. The VWF multiplex activity assay may be useful as a same-day screening assay when considering the diagnosis of variant VWD in an individual patient. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology.

Murthy V.,University of Texas Medical Branch | Murthy V.,University of Pittsburgh | Willis R.,University of Texas Medical Branch | Willis R.,University of Pittsburgh | And 33 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2013

Objective: To examine the prevalence of isolated IgA anti- β2-glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI) positivity and the association of these antibodies, and a subgroup that bind specifically to domain IV/V of β2GPI, with clinical manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in 3 patient groups and to evaluate the pathogenicity of IgA anti-β2GPI in a mouse model of thrombosis. Methods: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from a multiethnic, multicenter cohort (LUpus in MInorities, NAture versus nurture [LUMINA]) (n = 558), patients with SLE from the Hopkins Lupus Cohort (n = 215), and serum samples referred to the Antiphospholipid Standardization Laboratory (APLS) (n = 5,098) were evaluated. IgA anti-β2GPI titers and binding to domain IV/V of β2GPI were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). CD1 mice were inoculated with purified IgA anti-β2GPI antibodies, and surgical procedures and ELISAs were performed to evaluate thrombus development and tissue factor (TF) activity. Results: A total of 198 patients were found to be positive for IgA anti-β2GPI isotype, and 57 patients were positive exclusively for IgA anti-β2GPI antibodies. Of these, 13 of 23 patients (56.5%) in the LUMINA cohort, 17 of 17 patients (100%) in the Hopkins cohort, and 10 of 17 patients (58.9%) referred to APLS had at least one APS-related clinical manifestation. Fifty-four percent of all the IgA anti- β2GPI-positive serum samples reacted with domain IV/V of anti-β2GPI, and 77% of those had clinical features of APS. Isolated IgA anti-β2GPI positivity was associated with an increased risk of arterial thrombosis (P < 0.001), venous thrombosis (P = 0.015), and all thrombosis (P < 0.001). The association between isolated IgA anti-β2GPI and arterial thrombosis (P = 0.0003) and all thrombosis (P = 0.0003) remained significant after adjusting for other risk factors for thrombosis. In vivo mouse studies demonstrated that IgA anti-β2GPI antibodies induced significantly larger thrombi and higher TF levels compared to controls. Conclusion: Isolated IgA anti-β2GPI-positive titers may identify additional patients with clinical features of APS. Testing for these antibodies when other antiphospholipid tests are negative and APS is suspected is recommended. IgA anti-β2GPI antibodies directed to domain IV/V of β2GPI represent an important subgroup of clinically relevant antiphospholipids. © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Janssens A.,University Hospitals Leuven | Tarantino M.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Bird R.J.,Princess Alexandra Hospital | Mazzucconi M.G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 8 more authors.
Acta Haematologica | Year: 2015

Romiplostim is recommended for the second-and third-line treatment of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). We conducted a large, single-arm study (; NCT00508820) with broad entry criteria to evaluate the safety of romiplostim in adult ITP. Patients (n = 407) with ITP lasting 0.03-57.14 years and low platelet counts (median 14.0 × 109/l) or uncontrolled bleeding received romiplostim for up to 4 years. The rates of treatment-related, serious adverse events, serious hemorrhage events, thromboembolic events and fatal events were similar to those reported in previous romiplostim trials (0.2, 0.4, 0.2 and 0.1/100 patient-weeks, respectively). Bone marrow reticulin was observed in 4 patients, but biopsies were not routinely performed so the true incidence of this event cannot be determined. Type I collagen (nonserious, unrelated) was reported in 1 patient who likely had myelodysplastic syndrome. No new class of adverse events was reported. Platelet responses were achieved by >90% of the patients, typically within 1-2 weeks of the initiation of romiplostim treatment. From week 8, median platelet counts were >100 × 109/l; 47% of the patients received rescue medications (the use decreased over time). This study confirms and extends the tolerability/efficacy findings of previous romiplostim clinical studies. It was performed on a large ITP population, which is likely more representative of clinical practice. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Valentino L.A.,Rush University Medical Center | Pipe S.W.,University of Michigan | Tarantino M.D.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Ye X.,Medical Outcomes Research and Economics | And 2 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2012

Advances in therapy have improved life expectancy and quality of life of patients with haemophilia A. Due to the chronic and complex management of this disease, particularly, the development of inhibitors, little is known about their health resource utilization in the real-life setting over time. The aim was to assess the distribution and trend of healthcare resource utilization among US haemophilia A patients with and without inhibitors. The MarketScan® Database, was queried to identify individuals with ≥1year continuous enrolment, two medical diagnoses of haemophilia A and claims for factor VIII or bypassing agent (to infer inhibitor status) during 2001-2007. Haemophilia-related cost was estimated from inpatient, outpatient and pharmacy claims. Annual cost differences were assessed by age and over a 4-year period for those with continuous enrolment. Among 51million covered lives, 1044 haemophilia patients were identified, of whom 981 (94%; mean age=21.2years) did not have an inhibitor. The median haemophilia-related cost for these patients was $63,935 per patient per year. When normalized by weight, annual cost was stable (no statistically significant differences) among 312 non-inhibitor patients (mean age=21.8years) with 4-year continuous data. While there was a wide distribution of haemophilia-related cost among the 63 individuals with an inhibitor (mean age=15.4years), only 0.6% of the total haemophilia patients had costs exceeding $1million per patient per year. This study indicated that most haemophilia A patients were inhibitor-free with relatively stable annual costs over time. There was a wide distribution of haemophilia-related cost for inhibitor patients, while the proportion of patients who incurred extreme high cost was low. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Tarantino M.D.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute | Ye X.,Baxter BioScience | Bergstrom F.,Covance | Skorija K.,Covance | Luo M.P.,Bleeding and Clotting Disorders Institute
Haemophilia | Year: 2013

Little is known about the impact of the recent US economic downturn and health care reform on patient, caregiver and health care provider (HCP) decision-making for haemophilia A. To explore the impact of the recent economic downturn and perceived impact of health care reform on haemophilia A treatment decisions from patient, caregiver and HCP perspectives. Patients/caregivers and HCPs completed a self-administered survey in 2011. Survey participants were asked about demographics, the impact of the recent economic downturn and health care reform provisions on their treatment decisions. Seventy three of the 134 (54%) patients/caregivers and 39 of 48 (81%) HCPs indicated that the economic downturn negatively impacted haemophilia care. Seventy of the 73 negatively impacted patients made financially related treatment modifications, including delaying/cancelling routine health care visit, skipping doses and/or skipping filling prescription. Treatment modifications made by HCPs included delaying elective surgery, switching from higher to lower priced product, switching from recombinant to plasma-derived products and delaying prophylaxis. Health care reform was generally perceived as positive. Due to the elimination of lifetime caps, 30 of 134 patients (22%) and 28 of 48 HCPs (58%) indicated that they will make treatment modifications by initiating prophylaxis or scheduling routine appointment/surgery sooner. Both patients/caregivers and HCPs reported that the economic downturn had a negative impact on haemophilia A treatment. Suboptimal treatment modifications were made due to the economic downturn. Health care reform, especially the elimination of lifetime caps, was perceived as positive for haemophilia A treatment and as a potential avenue for contributing to more optimal treatment behaviours. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Manco-Johnson M.J.,Aurora University | Sanders J.,Cook Medical | Ewing N.,City of Hope National Medical Center | Rodriguez N.,University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston | And 2 more authors.
Haemophilia | Year: 2013

Although many people with haemophilia discontinue prophylaxis in their late teens or early adulthood, the consequences of this decision are largely not known. This 18-month, observational, case-controlled, multicentre study evaluated long-term prophylaxis and the consequences of switching from prophylaxis to on-demand treatment in late teens and young adults with severe haemophilia A. Participants with haemophilia (aged 14-29 years) on prophylaxis ≥60% of the time for the 5 years before study entry were enrolled into 1 of 2 prospective or 1 retrospective group. Group 1 was prophylaxis, group 2 had voluntarily discontinued prophylaxis ≤12 months before study entry and group 3 had voluntarily discontinued prophylaxis ≥13 months before study entry. Assessments included bleeding frequency (primary endpoint), Haemo-QoL-A health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores, Gilbert score, development of target joints, Haemophilia Activities List, Godin Leisure-Time, treatment satisfaction and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (secondary and exploratory endpoints). Descriptive statistics were provided for all variables. Thirty-eight participants (group 1, n = 22; group 2, n = 5; group 3, n = 11; median age, 19.5 years) were enrolled. The median annualized number of bleeding events was 0, 4.8 and 24 in groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. HRQoL was lower in participants who discontinued prophylaxis vs. those who remained on prophylaxis. Changes in the remaining secondary and exploratory variables were small, but were generally worse in participants who discontinued prophylaxis. Following a switch from prophylaxis to on-demand therapy, the number of bleeding events increased and HRQoL worsened in late teens and young adults with severe haemophilia A. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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