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A system and method for in situ dewatering and stabilizing waste material deposits previously created from sluicing into a waste impoundment. The method includes access for installation of wells and grading for surface drainage and storm water control. If free water is present, primary dewatering siphons or decants the free water in the pond. The system includes vertical dewatering well installation that requires drilling, well completion materials for filtering leachate, and well pump installation for removing leachate from the well. Collection piping collects leachate from the wells and transfers the leachate to a discharge solution. The dewatering operation collects and removes leachate from the pond ash deposit and impoundment, reuses or treats the leachate at a discharge solution, remediates contaminants and/or hydraulic head in the impoundment, and consolidates and stabilizes the dewatered solids. Impoundment closure includes horizontal drains, final grading, final cover or overfill landfill development, and post closure.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2013-10-14

A future cost of retirement index is used to quantify the present value of future income. The future cost of retirement index provides a way for an investor to quantify the present cost of funding a secure future income for retirement. Upon establishing a cost of retirement index that quantifies a present value of future estimated investment returns, an investment funds track the index. This permits an investor to accumulate funds that approximate an amount needed to purchase, at a future time, a defined income stream for life. Because the future cost of retirement index fund is not itself an annuity, but is merely a tool that can be used to acquire sufficient assets to purchase an annuity, a future cost of retirement index fund facilitates retirement planning while also preserving asset liquidity.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2016-01-29

A messaging system enables client applications to send and receive messages. The messaging system includes independent component programs performing different functions of the messaging system. The component programs include persistent connection managers that maintain connections with the client applications, a dispatcher that establishes connections, and a message router that sends received messages to recipient applications through corresponding connections. The connection managers share a state memory containing a received message and a completion state associated with the received message. The messaging system retains the message until the completion state fulfills a completion condition. The messaging systems supports live deployment of updates the message router and dispatcher because the state of the messaging system is stored independently from memory allocated to these component programs, so they may be restarted without loss of messages, connections or other state information.


A messaging system enables client applications to send and receive messages. The messaging system includes independent component programs performing different functions of the messaging system, such as connection managers that maintain network connections with the client applications, a message router that sends received messages to recipient applications through network connections, and a dispatcher that authenticates other component programs. A messaging server may authenticate client applications using certificate-based authentication (e.g., private and public keys), authentication transfer from another trusted messaging server, or other methods (e.g., user name and password). To authenticate a component program, the dispatcher compares instantiation information (e.g., user identity, process identifier, creation time) of the component program provided by the operating system with instantiation information saved in a shared memory at the time of the component programs instantiation. In response to a match, the dispatcher provides the component program with secure information through an inter-process communication socket.


A system and method for in situ dewatering and stabilizing waste material deposits previously created from sluicing into a waste impoundment. The method includes access for installation of wells and grading for surface drainage and storm water control. If free water is present, primary dewatering siphons or decants the free water in the pond. The system includes vertical dewatering well installation that requires drilling, well completion materials for filtering leachate, and well pump installation for removing leachate from the well. Collection piping collects leachate from the wells and transfers the leachate to a discharge solution. The dewatering operation collects and removes leachate from the pond ash deposit and impoundment, reuses or treats the leachate at a discharge solution, remediates contaminants and/or hydraulic head in the impoundment, and consolidates and stabilizes the dewatered solids. Impoundment closure includes horizontal drains, final grading, final cover or overfill landfill development, and post closure.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2014-11-04

A future cost of retirement planning tool conveniently translates lump-sum investment amounts into a future lifetime annual income amount. This future lifetime annual income amount is predicted as a function of retirement date, future pre-retirement saving rate, retirement income goal, and investment portfolio composition. The planning tool also provides probability distributions (or other measurements of variability) of the predicted future lifetime annual income amount based on the foregoing factors. This information is presented to a user in a convenient graphical interface.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2016-05-11

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) exchanges cash for a low risk security to be used as collateral. Cash is provided for purposes of posting margin in connection with a futures transaction and exchanged for shares of an ETF. The ETF permits banks to hold, as margin, a securitized version of cash (in the form of an ETF) in lieu of the margin cash posted by a client. The ETF is created or redeemed by a bank in its capacity as authorized participant, acting on behalf of a client, as collateral requirements are imposed or removed on the client. The ETF can hold a set of underlying funds in a fund-of-funds structure. Such securities may include short-term investments with specified minimum credit ratings, short term U.S. treasuries or agency securities, repurchase agreements collateralized with U.S. treasuries or agency securities, and similar minimal risk assets, which are typically government backed.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2014-08-08

A target outcome fund mimics an option in an underlying risky asset by holding a mix of the risky asset and a low-risk asset. The relative amount of the risky asset and the low risk asset held by the fund is rebalanced based on a comparison of a current target return and a current actual return of the fund. If the fund over-performs, the target outcome is increased accordingly to prevent the fund becoming overly invested in the risky asset, thereby protecting gains made.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2014-02-14

A decumulation management system provides guidance for decumulation of a portfolio over a decumulation period of time. A spending amount is withdrawn from the portfolio during the decumulation period of time. The decumulation management system determines the probability of successfully withdrawing the spending amount during the remaining decumulation period and establishes thresholds for adjusting the spending amount and a risk profile of the portfolio based on the performance of the portfolio during the decumulation. When the portfolio value decreases below the thresholds, the spending amount may be reduced, and when the portfolio value exceeds the thresholds, the spending amount may be increased and the risk profile of the portfolio is decreased. The decumulation management system may provide recommendations based on these thresholds, or may automatically manage withdrawals of the spending amount and investments to match the risk profile.


Patent
BlackRock | Date: 2013-12-03

An open-ended fund, such as an ETF, holds fixed-income securities and has a liquidation date. An order management system receives buy orders from a plurality of investors for purchasing shares of the fund receives and sell orders from a plurality of investors for selling shares of the fund. A fund management information system determines a yield for each investor based on the shares of the fund purchased by the investor and the fixed-income securities held by the fund at the time that the shares were purchased. The fund management information system also determines a plurality of distribution payments and a final liquidation payment for each investor so that the distribution payments and the final liquidation payment provide the yield determined for the investor when the investor purchased shares of the fund. This enables investors to use the fund in a bond laddering strategy.

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