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Jakarta, Indonesia

Bae S.E.,Korea University | Cho S.Y.,Korea University | Won Y.D.,Black Garlic | Lee S.H.,Kyungwoon University | And 2 more authors.
LWT - Food Science and Technology

A sensitive and reproducible analytical method to measure S-allyl cysteine (SAC) in black garlic was developed using the HPLC-FLD (fluorescence detection) with prior derivatization with AccQ-Fluor Reagent. The results were then compared with those from obtained using the HPLD-UVD (ultraviolet detection) that has been conventionally used for measuring SAC in raw garlic. The SAC content in raw garlic measured by the HPLC-FLD and the HPLD-UVD were 21.52 and 22.73μg/g, respectively. And these results were satisfactory with %CV (coefficient of variation) less than 2%. However, the application of the HPLC-UVD for the determination of SAC in black garlic was limited due to the high %CV that arose from the unstable baseline. However, the HPLC-FLD could be applied to the measurement of SAC in black garlic with satisfactory %CV. The HPLC-FLD method was validated by determining the linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, accuracy and precision. This method showed excellent linearity with a coefficient of determination (R 2) greater than 0.998. The limits of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) were 6.28 and 19.02μg/mL, respectively. The accuracy ranged from 98.51 to 102.08%, and the precision of the method was found to be less than 2%. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Noh B.-K.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Lee J.K.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Won Y.-D.,Black Garlic | Park H.-J.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Lee S.-J.,Korean University of Science and Technology
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology

We investigated the antioxidative effect of black garlic extract (BGE) on paraquat (PQ)-induced oxidative stress in mice. A DPPH radical scavenging activity assay showed that BGE had potent free radical scavenging activity, comparable to that exhibited by vitamin C. Mice were administered with either vitamin C or two levels of BGE by oral gavage for 10 days, with PQ being injected intraperitoneally on day five. It was found that BGE reduced the liver enzyme levels induced by PQ injection in mice. The concentrations of plasma and hepatic malonedialdehyde were both significantly reduced in the BGE groups compared with the levels in the PQ group, whereas the hepatic superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were significantly increased in the BGE groups compared with the PQ group. These findings suggest that BGE has potent antioxidative activities in vivo and thus could prevent the oxidative stress induced by PQ injection in mice by two mechanisms: the induction of antixoxidative enzyme systems and direct scavenging of reactive oxygen species. © The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology. Source

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Black Garlic | Date: 2011-12-06

Processed garlic, namely, aged garlic.

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