Allenstown Elementary School, United States
Allenstown Elementary School, United States

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Choi S.B.,BK21 Plus Team | Choi S.B.,Wonkwang University | Bae G.-S.,Hanbang Body Fluid Research Center | Jo I.-J.,BK21 Plus Team | And 16 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2015

Methods: Acute pancreatitis was induced via intraperitoneal injection of cerulein (50 μg/kg) every hour for 6 times. In the LE, water extract (100, 250, or 500 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 1 hour before the first injection of cerulein. Six hours after AP, blood, the pancreas, and the lung were harvested for further examination. In addition, pancreatic acinar cells were isolated using a collagenase method, and then, we investigated the acinar cell viability and cytokine productions.Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and inhibitory effects of Lithospermum erythrorhizon (LE) on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) in a mouse model.Results: Treatment with LE reduced pancreatic damage and AP-associated lung injury and attenuated the severity of AP, as evidenced by the reduction in neutrophil infiltration, serum amylase and lipase levels, trypsin activity, and proinflammatory cytokine expression. In addition, treatment with LE inhibited high mobility group box 1 expression in the pancreas during AP. In accordance with in vivo data, LE inhibited the cerulein-induced acinar cell death, cytokine productions, and high-mobility group box 1 expression. Furthermore, LE also inhibited the activation of p38 mitogenactivated protein kinases.Conclusions: These results suggest that LE plays a protective role during the development of AP by inhibiting the activation of p38. © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kim S.-B.,BK21 Plus Team | Kim J.-E.,Wonkwang University | Kang O.-H.,Wonkwang University | Mun S.-H.,BK21 Plus Team | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2015

Human skin is the first line of defense for the protection of the internal organs of the body from different stimuli. Ultraviolet B (UVB), one of the harmful radiations for skin, is widely known to induce abnormally increased cytokine release from keratinocytes leading to inflammatory skin disorders. IL-6 and IL-8 induce an acute-phase response and stimulate leukocyte infltration in the skin. Previous studies have shown that chronic exposure to UVB radiation increases cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression through various cell signaling pathways, resulting in skin cancer. Recent studies have shown that the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 MAPK is strongly correlated with acute inflammation and development of skin cancer caused by an increased expression of COX-2. Ixerisoside A (IXA) is an active constituent of Ixeris dentata of the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. The effect of IXA on skin inflammation has yet to be elucidated. To determine the anti-inflammatory effects of IXA, we examined its effect on UVB-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine production in human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) by observing these cells in the presence or absence of IXA. In this study, pro-inflammatory cytokine production was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-P C R), and western blot analysis to evaluate the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). IXA inhibited UVB-induced production of the pro-infammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, IXA inhibited the expression of COX-2, ERK, JNK, and p38 M A PKs, i ndicati ng t hat the se cret ion of t he pro-infammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8, and COX-2 expression was inhibited by blocking MAPK phosphorylation. These results indicated that IXA potentially protects against UVB-induced skin inflammation.

Baral S.,BK21 Plus Team | Baral S.,Wonkwang University | Pariyar R.,Wonkwang University | Yoon C.-S.,Wonkwang University | And 9 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2015

Objective: To investigate the effects of Gastrodiae rhizoma, a dried root of Gastrodia elata Blume, on proliferation and differentiation of human NSCs derived from embryonic stem cells. Methods: A 70% ethanol extract of Gastrodiae rhizoma (EEGR) was estimated with 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol as a representative constituent by HPLC. Results: MTT assay showed that the treatment with EEGR increased the viability of NSCs in growth media. Compared to control, EEGR increased the number of dendrites and denritic spines extended from a differentiated NSC. Whereas EEGR decreased the mRNA expression of Nestin, it increased that of Tuj1 and MAP2 in NSCs grown in differentiation media. Immunocytochemical analysis using confocal microscopy also revealed the increased expression of MAP2 in dendrites of EEGR-treated NSCs. Furthermore, EEGR decreased mRNA expression of Sox2 in NSCs grown even in growth media. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study demonstrates for the first time that EEGR induced proliferation and neuronal differentiation of NSCs, suggesting its potential benefits on NSC-based therapies and neuroregeneration in various neurodegenerative diseases and brain injuries. © 2015 Hainan Medical College.

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