BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team

Seoul, South Korea

BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team

Seoul, South Korea
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Perikamana S.K.M.,Hanyang University | Perikamana S.K.M.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | Shin Y.M.,Hanyang University | Lee J.K.,Hanyang University | And 14 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2017

Biomaterials with graded functionality have various applications in cell and tissue engineering. In this study, by controlling oxidative polymerization of dopamine, we demonstrated universal techniques for generating chemical gradients on various materials with adaptability for secondary molecule immobilization. Diffusion-controlled oxygen supply was successfully exploited for coating of polydopamine (PD) in a gradient manner on different materials, regardless of their surface chemistry, which resulted in gradient in hydrophilicity and surface roughness. The PD gradient controlled graded adhesion and spreading of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and endothelial cells. Furthermore, the PD gradient on these surfaces served as a template to allow for graded immobilization of different secondary biomolecules such as cell adhesive arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) peptides and siRNA lipidoid nanoparticles (sLNP) complex, for site-specific adhesion of human mesenchymal stem cells, and silencing of green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression on GFP-HeLa cells, respectively. In addition, the same approach was adapted for generation of nanofibers with surface in graded biomineralization under simulated body fluid (SBF). Collectively, oxygen-dependent generation of PD gradient on biomaterial substrates can serve as a simple and versatile platform that can be used for various applications realizing in vivo tissue regeneration and in vitro high-throughput screening of biomaterials. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Kim H.A.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | Kim H.A.,Hanyang University | Lee H.-L.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | Choi E.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2015

Gene therapy has been considered as an alternative treatment for glioblastoma therapy. In this study, a glioblastoma-specific suicide gene, pEpo-NI2-SV-TK, was delivered into the intracranial glioblastoma model using reducible poly(oligo-d-arginines) (rPOA). pEpo-NI2-SV-TK has the erythropoietin (Epo) enhancer and the nestin intron 2 (NI2) for glioblastoma specific gene expression. The in vitro studies showed that the rPOA formed stable complexes with pEpo-NI2-SV-TK. In the MTT and TUNEL assays, rPOA showed lower cytotoxicity than polyethylenimine (25 kDa, PEI25k). In addition, the rPOA/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK complex induced higher glioblastoma cell death under hypoxic condition than normoxic condition, suggesting that pEpo-NI2-SV-TK induced gene expression in the hypoxic tumor tissue. For in vivo therapeutic efficacy evaluation, the rPOA/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK complex was injected into the brains of an intracranial glioblastoma rat model. The rPOA/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK injected group had a significantly reduced tumor size, compared with the control and the PEI25k/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK injected group. The TUNEL assay showed that the rPOA-pEpo-NI2-SV-TK complex had more apoptotic cells than the control and PEI25k/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK injected groups. These results suggest that the rPOA is an efficient carrier for pEpo-NI2-SV-TK and increased the therapeutic efficacy in the intracranial glioblastoma models. Therefore, the rPOA/pEpo-NI2-SV-TK complex may be useful for glioblastoma specific gene therapy. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association J Pharm Sci 104:3743-3751, 2015.

Jun I.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Chung Y.-W.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Chung Y.-W.,Korea University | Heo Y.-H.,Hanyang University | And 16 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2016

Developing an artificial extracellular matrix that closely mimics the native tissue microenvironment is important for use as both a cell culture platform for controlling cell fate and an in vitro model system for investigating the role of the cellular microenvironment. Electrospinning, one of the methods for fabricating structures that mimic the native ECM, is a promising technique for creating fibrous platforms. It is well-known that align or randomly distributed electrospun fibers provide cellular contact guidance in a single pattern. However, native tissues have hierarchical structures, i.e., topographies on the micro- and nanoscales, rather than a single structure. Thus, we fabricated randomly distributed nanofibrous (720 ± 80 nm in diameter) platforms via a conventional electrospinning process, and then we generated microscale grooves using a femtosecond laser ablation process to develop engineered fibrous platforms with patterned hierarchical topographies. The engineered fibrous platforms can regulate cellular adhesive morphology, proliferation, and distinct distribution of focal adhesion proteins. Furthermore, confluent myoblasts cultured on the engineered fibrous platforms revealed that the direction of myotube assembly can be controlled. These results indicate that our engineered fibrous platforms may be useful tools in investigating the roles of nano- and microscale topographies in the communication between cells and ECM. © 2016 American Chemical Society.

Bak S.,Hanyang University | Bak S.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | Ahmad T.,Hanyang University | Ahmad T.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | And 8 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2016

Cell-based therapy has been studied as an attractive strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis. However, obtaining a stable vascular structure remains a challenge due to the poor interaction of transplanted cells with native tissue and the difficulty in selecting the optimal cell source. In this study, we developed a cell patch of cocultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) using thermosensitive hydrogels for regeneration of mature vasculatures. In vitro characterization of HUVECs in the cocultured group revealed the formation of a mesh-like morphology over 5 days of culture. Vascular endothelial growth factor expression was also upregulated in the cocultured group compared with HUVECs only. The cell patch seeded with HUVECs, SMCs, or both cell type was prepared on the synthetic thermosensitive and cell interactive hydrogels, and readily detached from the hydrogel within 10 min by expansion of the hydrogel when the temperature was decreased to 4°C. We then investigated the therapeutic effect of the cell patch using a hind limb ischemic model of an athymic mouse. Overall, the group that received a cell patch of cocultured HUVECs and SMCs had a significantly retarded rate of necrosis with a significant increase in the number of arterioles and capillaries for 4 weeks compared with the groups transplanted with only HUVECs or SMCs. Dual staining of smooth muscle alpha actin and human nuclear antigen showed that the implanted cell patch was partially involved in vessel formation. In summary, the simple transplantation of a cocultured cell patch using a hydrogel system could enhance therapeutic angiogenesis through the regeneration of matured vascular structures. © Copyright 2016, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2016.

Yi N.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team | Lee M.,BK21 Plus Future Biopharmaceutical Human Resources Training and Research Team
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society | Year: 2014

Bis-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU) is currently used as an anti-cancer drug for glioblastoma therapy. In this study, BCNU was loaded into the hydrophobic cores of R3V6 amphiphilic peptide micelles for efficient delivery into brain tumors. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) study showed that the BCNU-loaded R3V6 peptide micelles (R3V6-BCNU) formed spherical micelles. MTT assay showed that R3V6-BCNU more efficiently induced cell death in C6 glioblastoma cells than did BCNU. In the Annexin V assay, R3V6-BCNU more efficiently induced apoptosis than did BCNU alone. Furthermore, the results showed that R3V6 was not toxic to cells. The positive charges of the R3V6 peptide micelles may facilitate the interaction between R3V6- BCNU and the cellular membrane, resulting in an increase in cellular uptake of BCNU. In vivo evaluation with an intracranial glioblastoma rat model showed that R3V6-BCNU more effectively reduced tumor size than BCNU alone. The results suggest that R3V6 peptide micelles may be an efficient carrier of BCNU for glioblastoma therapy.

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