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Kanke, India

Birsa Agricultural University is an agricultural university at Kanke, Ranchi in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Established on 26 June 1981, after its formal inauguration by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. Wikipedia.

Ganguly S.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | Prasad A.,Birsa Agricultural University
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries | Year: 2011

Microflora of the environment plays an important role in the formation of the microflora of the digestive tract of fishes (Strom and Olafsen Microbiology of poecilotherms Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 181-185 1990; Hansen et al. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:461-470 1992). Compared to water, digestive tract is an ecosystem far richer in nutrients and therefore more favorable for the growth of the majority of bacteria. Definitely, not all bacteria in food which gain entry in the digestive tract of fishes establish themselves there (Yan-Bo Wang et al . Aquaculture 281(1-4): 1-4 2008). Part of them adapts themselves in the digestive tract, whereas the others are digested by the enzymes produced by the host organism. Microorganisms present in the digestive tract feed on the food of the host organism which is digested by the enzymes produced by them and by the latter. 'Chymous' gets formed which decides the abundance and qualitative composition of microorganisms present in digestive tract. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Dey P.,ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region | Dey P.,Indian Central Soil Salinity Research Institute | Sarkar A.K.,Birsa Agricultural University
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2011

As in other parts of the world, the indigenous people of Jharkhand hold important context-relevant knowledge and strategies for addressing dwindling natural resources base and climate change. The paper documents some of the collective wealth of indigenous knowledge related to agricultural practices, including land preparation/ manuring/ soil treatment, cropping systems, input management, water resource management and utilization, and soil and water conservation practices, used especially by tribal farmers of the region. Related research and policy issues essential for successful amalgamation of such indigenous knowledge in resource conservation and climate change adaptation are also discussed. It concludes that the indigenous knowledge will help to address food and nutritional security in the face of climate change. Source

Steele K.A.,Bangor University | Price A.H.,University of Aberdeen | Witcombe J.R.,Bangor University | Shrestha R.,University of Milan | And 3 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

Altering root morphology of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars could improve yields in drought-prone upland ecosystems. Marker-assisted backcross breeding was used to introgress four QTLs for root traits into an upland rice cultivar. The QTLs had previously been identified under experimental conditions in a different genetic background. The introgressed lines and the recurrent parent were grown for 6 years by resource-poor farmers in upland sites in Eastern India and yields recorded. In combination the QTLs significantly increased yield by 1 t ha-1 under relatively favourable field conditions. In less favourable trials, the QTL effects were not detected due to greater heterogeneity in soil-water availability in very low yielding environments and consequent yield variability. Root studies under controlled conditions showed that lines with the introgressions had longer roots throughout tillering than the recurrent parent (14 cm longer 2 weeks after sowing). Therefore, both improved roots and increased yield can be attributed to the introgression of QTLs. This is the first demonstration that marker-assisted backcross breeding (MABC) to introgress multiple root QTLs identified under controlled conditions is an effective strategy to improve farmers' yields of upland rice. The strategy was used to breed a novel upland rice cultivar that has been released in India as Birsa Vikas Dhan 111. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

Ganguly S.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | Prasad A.,Birsa Agricultural University
Journal of Medicinal Plants Research | Year: 2011

Immunomodulator is a substance which stimulates or suppresses the components of immune system including both innate and adaptive immune responses (Agarwal and Singh, 1969). The modulation of immune system by various medicinal plant products has become a subject for scientific investigations currently worldwide. Keeping this in view, the present article has been constructed to highlight the importance of herbal extracts and cow urine distillate as potent immunomodulators for livestock. ©2011 Academic Journals. Source

Rai C.,Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | Rai P.,Birsa Agricultural University | Majumdar G.C.,Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | De S.,Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur | DasGupta S.,Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Food and Bioprocess Technology | Year: 2010

Flux decline mechanism during microfiltration of watermelon juice was studied in detail. Identification of the flux decline mechanism was carried out by conducting experiments in an unstirred batch cell. Using the identified mechanism, flux decline was predicted during stirred microfiltration in a continuous mode. The operating pressure range was from 137 to 276 kPa and that of Reynolds number was 1.40 × 10 5 to 1.87 × 10 5. Cake formation was identified as the main reason for flux decline. Prediction of flux decline during stirred continuous microfiltration using this mechanism was found adequate. © 2008 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. Source

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