Brennaman L.H.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill |
Moss M.L.,BioZyme Inc. |
Maness P.F.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Journal of Neurochemistry
EphrinA/EphA-dependent axon repulsion is crucial for synaptic targeting in developing neurons but downstream molecular mechanisms remain obscure. Here, it is shown that ephrinA5/EphA3 triggers proteolysis of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) by the metalloprotease a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM)10 to promote growth cone collapse in neurons from mouse neocortex. EphrinA5 induced ADAM10 activity to promote ectodomain shedding of polysialic acid-NCAM in cortical neuron cultures, releasing a ~ 250 kDa soluble fragment consisting of most of its extracellular region. NCAM shedding was dependent on ADAM10 and EphA3 kinase activity as shown in HEK293T cells transfected with dominant negative ADAM10 and kinase-inactive EphA3 (K653R) mutants. Purified ADAM10 cleaved NCAM at a sequence within the E-F loop of the second fibronectin type III domain (Leu671-Lys672/Ser673-Leu 674) identified by mass spectrometry. Mutations of NCAM within the ADAM10 cleavage sequence prevented EphA3-induced shedding of NCAM in HEK293T cells. EphrinA5-induced growth cone collapse was dependent on ADAM10 activity, was inhibited in cortical cultures from NCAM null mice, and was rescued by WT but not ADAM10 cleavage site mutants of NCAM. Regulated proteolysis of NCAM through the ephrin5/EphA3/ADAM10 mechanism likely impacts synapse development, and may lead to excess NCAM shedding when disrupted, as implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders such as schizophrenia. PSA-NCAM and ephrinA/EphA3 coordinately regulate inhibitory synapse development. Here, we have found that ephrinA5 stimulates EphA3 kinase and ADAM10 activity to promote PSA-NCAM cleavage at a site in its second FNIII repeat, which regulates ephrinA5-induced growth cone collapse in GABAergic and non-GABAergic neurons. These findings identify a new regulatory mechanism which may contribute to inhibitory connectivity. PSA-NCAM and ephrinA/EphA3 coordinately regulate inhibitory synapse development. Here, we have found that ephrinA5 stimulates EphA3 kinase and ADAM10 activity to promote PSA-NCAM cleavage at a site in its second FNIII repeat, which regulates ephrinA5-induced growth cone collapse in GABAergic and non-GABAergic neurons. These findings identify a new regulatory mechanism which may contribute to inhibitory connectivity. Read the Editorial Highlight for this article on doi: 10.1111/jnc.12514 © 2013 International Society for Neurochemistry. Source
Roy R.,Harvard University |
Zurakowski D.,Harvard University |
Pories S.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center |
Moses M.A.,Harvard University |
Moss M.L.,BioZyme Inc.
Objectives: MMP-2, MMP-9, their complexes and ADAM12 are detected in the urine of breast cancer patients and predict disease status. We assessed the use of FRET-based substrates in an assay to distinguish breast cancer patients from controls. Design and methods: Substrates with varying specificities for MMP-9 and MMP-2 and several ADAMs were screened. Flsub21 and Flsub13, substrates for ADAM12 and ADAM8 respectively, were studied. Results: Flsub21 and Flsub13 cleavage activities were detected in the urine of patients with invasive and metastatic breast cancers at significantly higher frequencies compared to controls. Our model predicted probabilities of 90% when both Flsub21 and Flsub13 were positive, 65% when Flsub21 alone was positive, 55% when Flsub13 alone was positive and 20% when both substrates were negative. Conclusions: These data suggest the potential utility of FRET substrates to non-invasively identify invasive and/or metastatic breast cancer. © 2011 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Source
BioZyme Inc. | Date: 2011-10-07
The presently disclosed subject matter discloses isolated ADAM 10 modulating peptides and related compounds useful for studying the biological functions of ADAM 10 and for the treatment of diseases such as cancer, neurological disorders, asthma, and allergic responses, and disorders characterized at least in part by the presence of one or more of inflammation, excess cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and excess soluble CD23. In one aspect, the presently disclosed subject matter provides isolated mouse and human ADAM 10 prodomain comprising the sequence set forth in SEQ ID NOs 1-8, or a sequence having at least 95% homology to any of SEQ ID NOs 1-8 and having the functionality of modulating ADAM 10 activity.
Biozyme Incorporated | Date: 2016-05-26
Biozyme Incorporated | Date: 2014-01-29