The effects of press and pulse disturbance by long and short-term pollution on the fish community in the Sinos River, RS, Brazil [Efeitos de distúrbios contínuos e pulsados da poluição aguda e de longo prazo sobre a comunidade de peixes no Rio dos Sinos, RS, Brasil]
Schulz U.H.,University of the Rio dos Sinos Valley |
Costa P.F.,Biota Solucoes Ambientais
Brazilian Journal of Biology | Year: 2015
The fish fauna of the Sinos River has been subjected to severe pollution since the 1970´s. Continuous discharges of industrial and municipal sewage cause hypoxia and often even fish kills. The objectives of the present study are to assess long-term effects of pollution on the fish community over a time scale of approximately ten years and to investigate recuperation of the fish fauna after a massive fish kill in 2006. To assess the long-term impacts, seasonal sampling was conducted from September 2007 to March 2009 in four sites which were investigated in 1998/99 with the same methodology. The effects of the fish kill were investigated by comparing the present fauna in the affected river stretch with the fauna of an unaffected adjacent river stretch. The collective community properties richness and Shannon diversity changed during the ten year interval in a consistent pattern. Richness and Shannon diversity increased significantly in all sites, abundance values, however, did not. Analysis of species constancy and cluster analysis showed that the differences between the 1998/99 and 2007/09 studies were relatively small. The comparison of the reaches affected by the 2006 fish kills showed a rapid recovery within one year. Probably the Sinos fish fauna suffered the most severe impacts in the 70s of the last century, which could not be documented by this study. After an initial decline, the community displays relatively stable patterns with a tendency of recovery. After a severe fish kill, faunal recovery was rapid, probably favoured by the proximity of unpolluted source areas and physical habitat integrity of the Sinos River. © 2015, Instituto Internacional de Ecologia. All rights reserved.
Machado I.F.,University of the Rio dos Sinos Valley |
Moreira L.F.B.,University of the Rio dos Sinos Valley |
da Silva R.B.,Biota Solucoes Ambientais |
Becker R.G.,Biota Solucoes Ambientais |
Mesquita A.S.O.,Biota Solucoes Ambientais
Check List | Year: 2010
The glass frog Vitreorana uranoscopa (Müller, 1924) has been considered a vulnerable species for the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. This note recorded the presence of the species for São Marcos municipality, extending the species distribution towards eastern region of the state. © 2010 Check List and Authors.