Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016
Within the project a new highly efficient biomass CHP technology consisting of a fuel-flexible fixed-bed updraft gasifier, a novel compact gas cleaning system and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) shall be developed for a capacity range of 1to 10 MW (total energy output). The technology shall distinguish itself by a wide fuel spectrum applicable (wood pellets, wood chips, SRC, selected agricultural fuels like agro-pellets, fruit stones/shells), high gross electric (40%) and overall (90%) efficiencies as well as equal-zero gaseous and PM emissions. The system shall consist of a fuel-flexible updraft gasification technology with ultra-low particulate matter and alkali metal concentrations in the product gas (which reduces the efforts for gas cleaning), an integrated high temperature gas cleaning approach for dust, HCl and S removal and tar cracking within one process step as well as a SOFC system which tolerates certain amounts of tars as fuel. It is expected to achieve at the end of the project a TRL of 5 and a MRL of at least 5. To fulfill these goals a methodology shall be applied which is divided into a technology development part (process simulations, computer aided design of the single units and the overall system, test plant construction, performance and evaluation of test runs, risk and safety analysis) as well as a technology assessment part covering techno-economic, environmental and overall impact assessments and market studies regarding the potentials for application. Moreover, a clear dissemination, exploitation and communication plan is available. The novel technology shall define a new milestone in terms of CHP efficiency and equal-zero emission technology in the medium-scale capacity range and shall contribute to a stronger and future-oriented EU energy supply based on renewables. Its fuel flexibility shall ensure high attractiveness and market application potential and thus strengthen the industrial base in the EU as well as the technological leadership.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-14-2015 | Award Amount: 1.97M | Year: 2016
The Biomasud certification system of the quality and sustainability of solid biofuels (http://biomasud.eu/), was created within the BIOMASUD interreg IV project in 2013 with the aim of covering all typical Mediterranean biomass resources used as solid biofuels in small and medium heating installations: domestic, commercial, institutional etc. The label is owned by several partners established in Spain, Portugal and France.Presently, the label includes wood chips and pellets, olive stones and some types of nut shells. Also within Biomasud project, a GIS tool that provides information about sustainable biomass resources and costs available in different Mediterranean countries was updated and upgraded with new information about agroindustrial residues and pellets production and producers Presently, some solid biofuel companies are already producing under the Biomasud quality label in Spain, and others have also shown the interest to adopt it in Spain and Italy, but there is a strong need for development of the label along the whole Mediterranean area where the biomasses and solid biofuels under the label are widely produced and used in the domestic sector market out of any standards. Moreover, there is also a need to extend the label to new biomasses that are used in the Mediterranean area and which are not covered by the label, this making therefore more difficult their appropriate combustion in stoves or small-medium size boilers. Finally, it is also important to mention that, in order to improve the label, a research is needed to develop new and/or review the existing Biomasud label analytical limits and sustainability tools along the value chain, including, the GHG calculation procedure. In the described context, the overall goal of the project is the improvement, dissemination and market development of the Biomasud label in order to promote the sustainable use of the Mediterranean autochthonous solid biofuels in the domestic sector.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.3.7-1 | Award Amount: 10.29M | Year: 2012
Torrefaction is considered worldwide as a promising key technology for boosting large-scale implementation of bioenergy. It involves heating biomass in the absence of oxygen to a temperature of 200 to 320 C. As a result, the biomass looses all its moisture and becomes easy to grind and water resistant, which reduces the risk of spontaneous ignition and biological degradation and permits outdoor storage. By combining torrefaction with pelletisation or briquetting, biomass is converted into a high-energy-density commodity solid fuel or bioenergy carrier with superior properties in view of (long-distance) transport, handling and storage, and also in many major end-use applications (e.g., co-firing in pulverised-coal fired power plants, (co-)gasification in entrained-flow gasifiers and combustion in distributed pellet boilers. Moreover, torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers may form a good starting point for biorefinery routes. The current SECTOR project is focussed on the further development of torrefaction-based technologies for the production of solid bioenergy carriers up to pilot-plant scale and beyond and on supporting market introduction of torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers as a commodity renewable solid fuel. The core of the project concerns the further development of torrefaction and densification technology for a broad biomass feedstock range including clean woody biomass, forestry residues, agro-residues and imported biomass. Production recipes will be optimised on the basis of extensive logistics and end-use testing. Much attention will be given to the development, quality assurance and standardisation of dedicated analysis and test methods. The experimental work will be accompanied by extensive desk studies to define major biomass-to-end-use value chains, design deployment strategies and scenarios, and conduct a full sustainability assessment. The results will be fed into CEN/ISO working groups and international sustainability forums.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.8.8.2 | Award Amount: 14.36M | Year: 2013
The project is focused on efficient integration of city districts with industrial parks through smart thermal grids. The overall objective of the project is to demonstrate a highly replicable, cost-effective and high energy efficiency large scale energy generation system that will allow sustainable urban planning of very low energy city districts. The main focus of the project is medium (150-400C) and low (30-150C) temperature waste heat recovery from industry and its use for energy supply to cities. The following systems and concepts will be developed: - Waste heat recovery systems - Organic Rankine Cycle for heat and power generation - Thermal energy storage systems (short and long-term) - Optimized thermal energy distribution network (low temperature thermal grids) - Solar thermal energy - Optimized integration of new technologies and concepts developed and state-of-the-art renewable energy systems - Innovative tools for efficient energy management of the system The concept of the project will be demonstrated at two different European cities: Brescia (Italy) and Graz (Austria). - Demonstration plant in Brescia: medium/high temperature waste heat recovery (600C) from a steel foundry and ORC unit (2,1 MWe) for heat and power generation. District heating to a city district nearby. - Demonstration plant in Graz: Seasonal thermal energy storage system for the management of the surplus waste heat in the city thermal network. Solar thermal energy (10.000m2) as support energy system, increasing the RES contribution in the city of Graz from 0,5% to 0,9%. Heat supply to a residential area nearby.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: BB-06-2016 | Award Amount: 996.06K | Year: 2017
BioReg project proposes to create a platform of stakeholders who are able to influence and develop their regions towards bio-based industries and products. Demonstrator case studies have been selected among European regions Gothenburg, (SE); Karlsruhe, Baden-Wurttember (Ge), Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna (IT), North West England (UK) and Vorarlberg and Syria, Austria. Those have set up renewable wood waste-based systems at different stages of the waste wood value chain including different wood waste source, pre-sorting, sorting, collection, recycling and wood waste treatment (to materials, biochemicals or biofuels) as well as the different gradings and regional wood waste composition in each country. 3 recipient regions were selected for this project in regards to their unused waste wood potential: Normandy (France), Lublin (Poland), Andalucia (Spain). The BioReg platform will function on two levels. On the EU level: best practices in terms of strategies and technologies as well as implementing mechanisms will be shared with the beneficiary recipient regions on the project and disseminated to many other potential regions in the EU (EUBIA). The platform will will encourage the collaboration of members and stakeholders on the European level. On the regional level: the best practices will be replicated in the three beneficiary regions. The proposal offers collaboration with regional existing clusters, constructive dialogue with regional authorities and policy makers, industrial and RTD establishments in the recipient regions. It will mobilize the recipient regions to develop the existing potential for industrial innovative projects and build bio-based ecosystems. Industries, regions and investors will be brought together to establish an efficient dialogue so that demand and supply can be aligned and large impact projects can be realized. The project proposes mechanisms to engage the stakeholders in collaboration also after the EU funding on BioReg is over.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.23M | Year: 2011
The UltraLowDust project aims at the demonstration of an European approach for ultra-low emission small-scale biomass combustion based on three novel technologies which cover the whole range of residential biomass heating applications. For pellet and woodchips combustion a new ultra-low emission boiler technology operating at almost zero CO, OGC and PM emissions will be demonstrated. Moreover, a new stove technology based on optimised air staging and an automated control system which shows significantly decreased PM, CO and OGC emissions compared with present stoves will be introduced. For PM emission reduction in old and new logwood boilers, old stoves as well as boilers for non-wood biomass fuels, a new ESP system will be demonstrated. These three technologies shall after successful demonstration define a new state-of-the-art regarding ultra-low emission biomass combustion covering an intelligent combination of primary and secondary measures. The technologies will be demonstrated within field tests over two heating seasons. Moreover, the project aims at the development of market introduction plans for the new technologies which will be supported by a market study as well as techno-economic analyses and overall impact assessments based on the results of the field tests. Additionally, the project aims at the development of recommendations for future emission limits under consideration of the results achieved, which shall then be discussed with national and EU authorities active in legislation making. To reach these aims a consortium of partners from 3 EU-countries consisting of the manufacturers of the three key technologies, research institutions which will support the industrial partners with their expertise in biomass combustion, one partner who is active in the field of international networking and policy making as well as, as coordinator, an internationally recognised engineering company, experienced in market studies and technology assessments has been formed.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2014 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2015
The project aims at the development of a new innovative highly efficient and fuel flexible micro-scale biomass CHP technology consisting of a small-scale fixed-bed updraft gasifier, a compact gas cleaning system and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The technology shall be developed for a capacity range of 25 to 150 kW (fuel power) and shall be characterised by a wide fuel spectrum applicable (wood pellets and wood chips of various sizes and moisture contents, SCR, selected agricultural fuels), high gross electric (40%) and overall (85-90%) efficiencies as well as almost zero gaseous and PM emissions. This aim shall be reached by the combination of a fuel-flexible updraft gasification technology with ultra-low particulate matter and condensed alkaline compound concentrations in the product gas, which reduces the efforts for gas cleaning, an integrated gas cleaning approach for dust and HCl removal, desulphurisation and tar cracking as well as a SOFC system which tolerates certain amounts of tars as fuel. It is expected to achieve at the end of the project a TRL of 5. The objectives of the project are highly relevant to the work programme since they focus on the development of a micro-scale CHP technology with extended fuel flexibility which shall be cost efficient and robust and shall distinguish itself by high electric and overall efficiencies as well as almost zero emissions. To fulfil these goals an overall methodology shall be applied which is divided into a technology development part (based on process simulations, computer aided design of the single units and the overall system, test plant construction, performance and evaluation of test runs, risk and safety analysis) as well as a technology assessment part covering risk, techno-economic, environmental and overall impact assessments, market studies regarding the possible potentials for application of the new technology as well as dissemination activities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 6.73M | Year: 2011
The BioMaxEff proposal aims at the demonstration of ultra-low emission and highest efficiency performance small scale biomass boilers under real life operation. The demonstrated technologies will fulfil the requirements of three substantially different market sectors, namely boiler exchange, refurbishment, and new buildings. The boiler exchange and refurbishment markets are addressed with an outstanding natural draught log wood boiler and a product series of a 10 to 26 kW (and 60 kW) pellets boiler, and a 6 to 12 kW pellets boiler. The pellets boilers are demonstrated solely or in combination with modular built secondary components, such as a flue gas heat exchanger, an electrostatic precipitator and the combination of both. The investigated boilers are characterized by outstanding behaviour regarding load change. This allows the optimum integration with ventilation components for energy recovery to energetically optimize the energetic performance of buildings. Integrated solutions will be demonstrated in pre-fabricated houses to highlight the substantial potential for seasonal efficiency increase and emission reduction in this field. The chosen system approach of the BioMaxEff consortium rather than an isolated product optimization and demonstration approach consequently is: Perform an analysis of framework conditions and market needs Develop seasonal efficiency and emission factor determination methods for the test stand and field testing Demonstrate and optimize considered technologies and components under test stand conditions Demonstrate and optimize system solutions by integrating components into buildings Demonstrate the performance of system by a wide spread field monitoring with sold installations (> 2.300) Accompany the demonstration and optimization with R&D activities where necessary Perform an overall environmental impact assessment Dissemination of results The consortium consists of 13 partners from 8 European countries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2013
Presently about 0.7 Mio small-scale biomass boilers are sold in Europe per year and until 2020 an increase to 1.6 Mio is expected whereas wood chip boilers are one main technology. With these wood chip boilers the fuel feeding systems applied are still a considerable weak point. They are responsible for 80 to 90% of unexpected plant shutdowns, increased emissions and reduced efficiencies. Moreover, at presently applied feeding concepts discharge from the bottom prevails which implies the disadvantages of massive constructions needed, increased wear of the equipment, complicated maintenance and high operation costs. The objective of BioChipFeeding is to develop a new wood chip feeding system of the future for small-scale heating plants. A core component of the system is a gripper which enables feeding from above the pile of stored fuel. It will be equipped with sensors to screen the fuel quality regarding particle size and moisture content and thereby have the ability to create a rather constant fuel quality by producing appropriate fuel blends. Moreover, a new fuel feeding screw will be developed which allows for a constant transport of the wood chips into the furnace independently of shape and size. With this new technology the boiler performance shall be significantly improved due to a more even fuel supply with a constant quality. Reduced operation and maintenance costs should make it very attractive for users and therefore it will have a huge potential for application. The project demands for a multidisciplinary approach and highly experienced R&D performers which is reflected by the consortium. The SMEPs would not be able to develop such a system by themselves but they have the possibility to efficiently utilise the project results by implementing them in their portfolios and thereby strengthen their market position. With the help of the project the SMEPs should become technology leaders regarding wood chip feeding for small-scale boilers in Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2015 | Award Amount: 4.31M | Year: 2016
The project aims at the development of a new fuel flexible and highly efficient residential biomass heating technology (20 - 130 kW). It is based on the successful UleWIN wood chip and pellet boiler concept consisting of a fixed-bed updraft gasifier directly coupled with a Low-NOx gas burner and a hot water boiler, which shall be further developed for fuel flexible operation (utilisation of forest residues, SRF, miscanthus, olive stones, nut shells and agro-pellets). Moreover, a compact flue gas condensation system with integrated condensate neutralisation, also capable to operate with highly acidic flue gases from agricultural fuel combustion, shall be developed to increase the efficiency of the whole system up to 110% (related to the fuel NCV). An advanced control system as well as measures for improved system integration shall additionally increase the annual utilisation rate up to 95%. It is expected to achieve at the end of the project a TRL of 5. These objectives are very relevant to the work programme since they focus on highly efficient and fuel flexible residential heat production at almost zero CO and OGC emissions, by 50% reduced NOx emissions (compared with conventional boilers) as well as ultra-low PM emissions below 13 mg/MJ (even when utilising K-rich fuels). Since this shall be reached by primary measures only, fuel flexible heat generation will be possible at reduced heat generation costs in comparison to present heating systems. To fulfil these goals an overall methodology shall be applied which is divided into a technology development part (based on process simulations, computer aided design of the single units, test plant construction, performance and evaluation of test runs) as well as a technology assessment part covering risk, techno-economic, environmental and overall impact assessments, market studies regarding the possible potentials for application of the new technology as well as dissemination activities.