Lossner C.,German Cancer Research Center |
Lossner C.,BioRN Cluster Management Gmbh |
Lossner C.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology |
Meier J.,German Cancer Research Center |
And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011
Background: MicroRNAs are 22 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs and exert their function either by transcriptional or translational inhibition. Although many microRNA profiles in different tissues and disease states have already been discovered, only little is known about their target proteins. The microRNA miR-155 is deregulated in many diseases, including cancer, where it might function as an oncoMir. Methodology/Principal Findings: We employed a proteomics technique called "stable isotope labelling by amino acids in cell culture" (SILAC) allowing relative quantification to reliably identify target proteins of miR-155. Using SILAC, we identified 46 putative miR-155 target proteins, some of which were previously reported. With luciferase reporter assays, CKAP5 was confirmed as a new target of miR-155. Functional annotation of miR-155 target proteins pointed to a role in cell cycle regulation. Conclusions/Significance: To the best of our knowledge we have investigated for the first time miR-155 target proteins in the HEK293T cell line in large scale. In addition, by comparing our results to previously identified miR-155 target proteins in other cell lines, we provided further evidence for the cell line specificity of microRNAs. © 2011 Lößner et al.
Kovaleva V.,German Cancer Research Center |
Mora R.,German Cancer Research Center |
Mora R.,University of Costa Rica |
Park Y.J.,German Cancer Research Center |
And 10 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2012
Toxicity and relapses from the immunochemotherapy used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) prompt continued interest in gentle but effective targeted treatment options for the mainly elderly population suffering from this disease. Here, we report the definition of critical CLL cell survival pathways that can be targeted by ectopic reexpression of the miRNA genes miR-130a and miR-143 which are widely downregulated in CLL. Notably, miR-130a inhibited autophagy by reducing autophagosome formation, an effect mediated by downregulation of the genes ATG2B and DICER1, the latter of which is a major component of the miRNA silencing machinery. In support of the concept of a fundamental connection between miRNA disregulation and altered autophagic flux in this cancer, we showed that RNA interference-mediated knockdown of DICER1 expression was sufficient to reduce autophagy in primary or established cultures of CLL cells. Together, our findings show that miR-130a modulates cell survival programs by regulating autophagic flux, and they define roles for miR-130a and Dicer1 in a regulatory feedback loop that mediates CLL cell survival. ©2012 AACR.
Luo C.,German Cancer Research Center |
Merz P.R.,German Cancer Research Center |
Chen Y.,Max Planck Institute for Medical Research |
Dickes E.,German Cancer Research Center |
And 4 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2013
The microRNA miR-101 has been reported to be a tumor suppressor. Here we show that low expression of miR-101 is associated with poor survival in stage IV melanoma patients. We identified microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) as a direct target of miR-101. In melanoma cells, overexpression of miR-101 downregulated protein levels of MITF and a previously reported target protein, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). Functional assays showed that miR-101 suppressed invasion and proliferation - an outcome that could be phenocopied by siRNA knockdown of MITF and EZH2. Our data suggest that miR-101 might have a beneficial role in melanoma. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Meier J.,German Cancer Research Center |
Hovestadt V.,German Cancer Research Center |
Zapatka M.,German Cancer Research Center |
Pscherer A.,German Cancer Research Center |
And 3 more authors.
RNA Biology | Year: 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded, small, non-coding RNAs, which fine-tune protein expression by degrading and/or translationally inhibiting mRNAs. Manipulation of miRNA expression in animal models frequently results in severe phenotypes indicating their relevance in controlling cellular functions, most likely by interacting with multiple targets. To better understand the effect of miRNA activities, genome-wide analysis of their targets are required. MicroRNA profiling as well as transcriptome analysis upon enforced miRNA expression were frequently used to investigate their relevance. However, these approaches often fail to identify relevant miRNAs targets. Therefore, we tested the precision of RNA-interacting protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) using AGO2-specific antibodies, a core component of the "RNA-induced silencing complex" (RISC), followed by RNA sequencing (Seq) in a defined cellular system, the HEK293T cells with stable, ectopic expression of miR-155. Thereby, we identified 100 AGO2-associated mRNAs in miR-155-expressing cells, of which 67 were in silico predicted miR-155 target genes. An integrated analysis of the corresponding expression profiles indicated that these targets were either regulated by mRNA decay or by translational repression. Of the identified miR-155 targets, 17 were related to cell cycle control, suggesting their involvement in the observed increase in cell proliferation of HEK293T cells upon miR-155 expression. Additional, secondary changes within the gene expression profile were detected and might contribute to this phenotype as well. Interestingly, by analyzing RIP-Seq data of HEK-293T cells and two B-cell lines we identified a recurrent disproportional enrichment of several miRNAs, including miR-155 and miRNAs of the miR-17-92 cluster, in the AGO2-associated precipitates, suggesting discrepancies in miRNA expression and activity. © 2013 Landes Bioscience.
Wu H.,German Cancer Research Center |
Wu H.,BioRN Cluster Management Gmbh |
Haag D.,German Cancer Research Center |
Haag D.,BioRN Cluster Management Gmbh |
And 31 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2013
Invasion is a critical step in lung tumor progression. The interaction between tumor cells and their surroundings may play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. To better understand the mechanisms of tumor invasion and tumor-microenvironment interactions in lung tumors, total RNA was isolated from the inner tumor, tumor invasion front, adjacent lung, and distant normal lung tissue from 17 patients with primary squamous cell lung carcinoma using punch-aided laser capture microdissection. Messenger RNA expression profiles were obtained by microarray analysis, and microRNA profiles were generated from eight of these samples using TaqMan Low Density Arrays. Statistical analysis of the expression data showed extensive changes in gene expression in the inner tumor and tumor front compared with the normal lung and adjacent lung tissue. Only a few genes were differentially expressed between tumor front and the inner tumor. Several genes were validated by immunohistochemistry. Evaluation of the microRNA data revealed zonal expression differences in nearly a fourth of the microRNAs analyzed. Validation of selected microRNAs by in situ hybridization demonstrated strong expression of hsa-miR-196a in the inner tumor; moderate expression of hsa-miR-224 in the inner tumor and tumor front, and strong expression of hsa-miR-650 in the adjacent lung tissue. Pathway analysis placed the majority of genes differentially expressed between tumor and nontumor cells in intrinsic processes associated with inflammation and extrinsic processes related to lymphocyte physiology. Genes differentially expressed between the inner tumor and the adjacent lung/normal lung tissue affected pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism and eicosanoid signaling. Inc. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.