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Lat Bua Luang, Thailand

Punya J.,Bioresource Research Unit | Tachaleat A.,King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi | Wattanachaisaereekul S.,King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi | Haritakun R.,Bioresource Research Unit | And 2 more authors.
Fungal Genetics and Biology | Year: 2013

Fungi from the genus Xylaria produce a wide range of polyketides with diverse structures, which provide important sources for pharmaceutical agents. At least seven polyketide synthase (PKS) genes, including pksmt, were found in Xylaria sp. BCC 1067. The multifunctional enzyme pksmt contains the following catalytic motifs: β-ketosynthase (KS), acyltransferase (AT), dehydratase (DH), methyltransferase (MT), enoylreductase (ER), ketoreductase (KR), and acyl carrier region (ACP). The presence of multiple domains indicated that pksmt was an iterative type I highly-reduced-type PKS gene. To identify the gene function, pksmt was fused with a gene encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) and introduced into a surrogate host, Aspergillus oryzae, and expressed under the control of a constitutive gpdA promoter. In the transformant, the pksmt gene was functionally expressed and translated as detected by a green fluorescence signal. This transformant produced two new 2-pyrone compounds, 4-(hydroxymethyl)-5,6-dihydro-pyran-2-one and 5-hydroxy-4-methyl-5,6-dihydro-pyran-2-one, as well as a previously identified 4-methyl-5,6-dihydro-pyran-2-one. Our results suggested that pksmt from Xylaria sp. BCC 1067 represents a family of fungal PKSs that can synthesize 2-pyrone-containing compounds. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source


Wattanachaisaereekul S.,Bangkok Thonburi University | Tachaleat A.,Bangkok Thonburi University | Punya J.,Bioresource Research Unit | Haritakun R.,Bioresource Research Unit | And 2 more authors.
AMB Express | Year: 2014

Anhydromevalonolactone (AMVL) is a bioactive natural product that arises from a molecular biology technique using Aspergillus oryzae as a heterologous host. AMVL has been used as a precursor for the synthesis of insect pest control reagents and has numerous applications in the biotechnological and medical industries. In this study, the Plackett-Burman Design and the Central Composite Design, which offer efficient and feasible approaches, were complemented to screen significant parameters and identify the optimal values for maximum AMVL production. The results suggested that sucrose, NaNO3, yeast extract and K2HPO4 were the key factors affecting AMVL production in a complex medium, whereas the major components required for a defined medium were NaNO3, K2HPO4, KH2PO4 and trace elements. These factors were subsequently optimized using the response surface methodology. Under optimal conditions, a maximum AMVL production of 250 mg/L in the complex medium and 200 mg/L in the defined medium was achieved, which represents an increase of approximately 3-4-fold compared to the commonly used malt extract medium. © 2014, Wattanachaisaereekul et al.; licensee Springer. Source

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