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Chigu N.L.,Kyushu University | Hirosue S.,Kyushu University | Hirosue S.,Bioresource Laboratories | Nakamura C.,Kyushu University | And 3 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) involved in anthracene metabolism by the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium were identified by comprehensive screening of both catalytic potentials and transcriptomic profiling. Functional screening of P. chrysosporium P450s (PcCYPs) revealed that 14 PcCYP species catalyze stepwise conversion of anthracene to anthraquinone via intermediate formation of anthrone. Moreover, transcriptomic profiling explored using a complementary DNA microarray system demonstrated that 12 PcCYPs are up-regulated in response to exogenous addition of anthracene. Among the up-regulated PcCYPs, five species showed catalytic activity against anthracene. Based upon both catalytic and transcriptional properties, these five species are most likely to play major roles in anthracene metabolic processes in vivo. Thus, the combination of functional screening and a microarray system may provide a novel strategy for obtaining a thorough understanding of the catalytic functions and biological impacts of PcCYPs. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Hirosue S.,Kyushu University | Hirosue S.,Bioresource Laboratories | Tazaki M.,Kyushu University | Hiratsuka N.,Kyushu University | And 9 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

To elucidate functional diversity of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium (PcCYPs), we conducted a comprehensive functional screening using a wide variety of compounds. A functionomic survey resulted in characterization of novel PcCYP functions and discovery of versatile PcCYPs that exhibit broad substrate profiles. These results suggested that multifunctional properties of the versatile PcCYPs would play crucial roles in diversification of fungal metabolic systems involved in xenobiotic detoxification. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing multifunctional properties of versatile P450s from the fungal kingdom. An increased compilation of PcCYP functions will facilitate a thorough understanding of metabolic diversity in basidiomycetes and provide new insights that could also expedite practical applications in the biotechnology sector. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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