Plzeň, Czech Republic
Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Skalova A.,Charles University | Skalova A.,Bioptic Laboratory | Vanecek T.,Medical Faculty Hospital | Sima R.,Medical Faculty Hospital | And 10 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2010

We present a series of 16 salivary gland tumors with histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features reminiscent of secretory carcinoma of the breast. This is a hitherto undescribed and distinctive salivary gland neoplasm, with features resembling both salivary acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) and low-grade cystadenocarcinoma, and displaying strong similarities to breast secretory carcinoma. Microscopically, the tumors have a lobulated growth pattern and are composed of microcystic and glandular spaces with abundant eosinophilic homogenous or bubbly secretory material positive for periodic acid-Schiff, mucicarmine, MUC1, MUC4, and mammaglobin. The neoplasms also show strong vimentin, S-100 protein, and STAT5a positivity. For this tumor, we propose a designation mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands (MASC). The 16 patients comprised 9 men and 7 women, with a mean age of 46 years (range 21 to 75). Thirteen cases occurred in the parotid gland, and one each in the minor salivary glands of the buccal mucosa, upper lip, and palate. The mean size of the tumors was 2.1cm (range 0.7 to 5.5cm). The duration of symptoms was recorded in 11 cases and ranged from 2 months to 30 years. Clinical follow-up was available in 13 cases, and ranged from 3 months to 10 years. Four patients suffered local recurrences. Two patients died, 1 of them owing to multiple local recurrences with extension to the temporal bone, and another owing to metastatic dissemination to cervical lymph nodes, pleura, pericardium, and lungs. We have shown a t(12;15) (p13;q25) ETV6-NTRK3 translocation in all but one case of MASC suitable for analysis. One case was not analyzable and another was not available for testing. This translocation was not found in any conventional salivary AciCC (12 cases), nor in other tumor types including pleomorphic adenoma (1 case) and low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (1 case), whereas ETV6-NTRK3 gene rearrangements were proven in all 3 tested cases of mammary secretory carcinoma. Thus, our results strongly support the concept that MASC and AciCC are different entities. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Skalova A.,Charles University | Vanecek T.,Bioptic Laboratory | Simpson R.H.W.,Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital | Michal M.,Charles University
Diagnostic Histopathology | Year: 2012

The review summarizes the new findings in salivary gland pathology with particular reference to molecular genetic developments. In particular, newly recognized entities and specific chromosomal translocations associated with salivary gland carcinomas are discussed. Firstly, there are three types of salivary gland carcinomas which harbour important oncogenic translocations: mucoepidermoid carcinoma with the translocation t(11; 19)(q21; p13) CRTC1-MAML2 (as well as several other less frequent ones), adenoid cystic carcinoma with the translocation t(6; 9)(q22-23; p23-24) MYB-NFIB, and the recently described entity of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) characterized by the translocation t(12; 15)(p13; q25) ETV6-NTRK3. Secondly, sclerosing polycystic adenosis was described in 1996 as possibly a salivary counterpart to benign fibrocystic disease of the breast, but recent molecular evidence of clonality suggests it is neoplastic in nature. Finally, new molecular developments in salivary duct carcinoma and molecular mechanisms responsible for high grade transformation and tumour progression in other neoplasms will be addressed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Korabecna M.,Charles University | Steiner P.,Bioptic Laboratory | Jirkovska M.,Charles University
Neoplasma | Year: 2016

With regard to complex structure of tissues, laser capture microdissection represents an important step in analytical workflow streaming to proper molecular characterization of different cell types in examined samples. Therefore the simple method for simultaneous processing of higher numbers of microdissected tissues leading not only to rapid and efficient DNA isolation but allowing also the repeated sampling and easy storage may be useful in the practice of histopathological laboratories. We elaborated such a methodology applicable downstream after the microdissection from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues. The tissues for examination are microdissected directly into the circular areas having the diameter 2 mm and marked on the microscopic slide. In this way, one slide is able to accommodate multiple samples. The DNA extraction is performed in low volume of buffer with Proteinase K in a droplet covered by mineral oil just on the slide. Mineral oil in the quality for molecular biology not only avoids evaporation during DNA extraction, but it helps to position the microdisssected tissue, to control the level of cell lysis microscopically and to protect the DNA sample during subsequent manipulations. We provided the evidence that DNA isolated by our methodology remains in the positions on microscopic slide for months without any changes in the lengths of available fragments and that it may be removed from each position repetitively for different kinds of analysis. The new methodological approach presented by us can be practically applied in broad spectrum of laboratories performing routinely genetic analysis on microdissected tissues. © 2016, Cancer Research Institute Slovak Acad. of Sciences. All rights reserved.


Tachezy R.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Smahelova J.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Kaspirkova J.,Bioptic Laboratory | Salakova M.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background: Infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)types has been recognized as a causal factor for the development of cervical cancer and a number of other malignancies. Today, vaccines against HPV, highly effective in the prevention of persistent infection and precancerous lesions, are available for the routine clinical practice. Objectives: The data on the prevalence and type-specific HPV distribution in the population of each country are crucial for the surveillance of HPV type-specific prevalence at the onset of vaccination against HPV. Methods: Women attending a preventive gynecological examination who had no history of abnormal cytological finding and/or surgery for cervical lesions were enrolled. All samples were tested for the presence of HPV by High-Risk Hybrid Capture 2 (HR HC2) and by a modified PCR-reverse line blot assay with broad spectrum primers (BS-RLB). Results: Cervical smears of 1393 women were analyzed. In 6.5% of women, atypical cytological findings were detected. Altogether, 28.3% (394/1393) of women were positive for any HPV type by BS-RLB, 18.2% (254/1393) by HR HC2, and 22.3% (310/1393) by BS-RLB for HR HPV types. In women with atypical findings the prevalence for HR and any HPV types were significantly higher than in women with normal cytological findings. Overall, 36 different HPV types were detected, with HPV 16 being the most prevalent (4.8%). HPV positivity decreased with age; the highest prevalence was 31.5% in the age group 21-25 years. Conclusions: Our study subjects represent the real screening population. HPV prevalence in this population in the Czech Republic is higher than in other countries of Eastern Europe. Also the spectrum of the most prevalent HPV types differs from those reported by others but HPV 16 is, concordantly, the most prevalent type. Country-specific HPV type-specific prevalences provide baseline information which will enable to measure the impact of HPV vaccination in the future. © 2013 Tachezy et al.


Laco J.,Charles University | Svajdler M.,steurs University Hospital | Andrejs J.,Charles University | Hrubala D.,University of P.J. Šafarik | And 6 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2013

Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC) of salivary glands is a recently described neoplasm with favorable outcome. We describe 2 cases of MASC occurring in a 34-year-old female and a 58-year-old male, both presenting with a swelling of upper lip and right parotid gland, measuring 15 and 20. mm, respectively. Without adjuvant treatment, both patients have been free of disease for 15 months and 12 months since the operation. Microscopically, both tumors were cystic and showed tubular and cystopapillary architecture. The tumor cells had round to oval nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm. Presence of eosinophilic material was evident within cystic spaces. Immunohistochemically, both tumors expressed cytokeratins (CK), CK7, CK8, CK18, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin, S-100 protein, mammaglobin, and STAT5a (signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a). Interestingly, both tumors showed variable expression of basal/myoepithelial markers. In one case, we observed diffuse expression of calponin and focal expression of p63 whereas expression of CD10 was absent. In the second case, the staining of calponin was negative, but there was focal expression of both p63 and CD10. Both neoplasms harbored the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion transcript as proved by RT-PCR. Although previously reported only rarely, we conclude that MASC may show expression of basal/myoepithelial markers. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.


Laco J.,Charles University | Kamaradova K.,Charles University | Vitkova P.,Hospital Ceske Budejovice | Sehnalkova E.,Silesian Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2012

The aim of the study was to further elucidate the immunohistochemical and genetic characteristics of cribriform adenocarcinoma of minor salivary glands (CAMSG). The study comprised five CAMSG from two males and three females, aged 21-72 years. Four tumors were localized at the base of tongue and one in the floor of mouth. At the time of diagnosis, four tumors had metastasised to regional lymph nodes. After tumor resection, two patients were treated by radiotherapy and one by chemoradiotherapy. During the follow-up (median 14 months), two patients developed lymph node metastasis. Microscopically, all tumors showed cribriform, papillary, follicular, and microcystic growth patterns. The tumor cells displayed vesicular nuclei with intranuclear grooves. Immunohistochemically, all tumors showed expression of cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK8, CK18, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, calponin, S-100 protein, and p16 protein. In addition, we observed expression of galectin-3, CK19, and HBME-1, but not of thyroglobulin and TTF-1. No mutations of RET, BRAF, K-RAS, H-RAS, and N-RAS proto-oncogenes were detected. However, in RET proto-oncogene, we found polymorphisms Gly691Ser (exon 11) and Ser904Ser (exon 15) in one case, p.Leu769-Leu (exon 13) in one case, and variant p.IVS14-24 G/A of intron 14 in two cases, and in H-RAS proto-oncogene we found polymorphism 81 T-C (exon 1) in three cases. Thyroglobulin and TTF-1 are the only useful markers in the differential diagnosis between CAMSG and papillary thyroid carcinoma as both tumors may express galectin-3, CK19, and HBME-1. The RET, H-RAS, and N-RAS protooncoogenes are not mutated in CAMSG. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.


Korabecna M.,Charles University | Geryk J.,Central European Biosystems | Hora M.,Charles University | Steiner P.,Bioptic Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2016

Tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (TRCC) represents a rare tumor with incidence lower than 1 % of all renal carcinomas. This study was undertaken to contribute to characterization of molecular signatures associated with TRCC and to compare them with the features of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) at the level of genome wide methylation analysis. We performed methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) coupled with microarray analysis (Roche NimbleGen). Using the CHARM package, we compared the levels of gene methylation between paired samples of tumors and control renal tissues of each examined individual. We found significant global demethylation in all tumor samples in comparison with adjacent kidney tissues of normal histological appearance but no significant differences in gene methylation between the both compared tumor entities. Therefore we focused on characterization of differentially methylated regions between both tumors and control tissues. We found 42 differentially methylated genes. Hypermethylated genes for protocadherins (PCDHG) and genes coding for products associated with functions of plasma membrane were evaluated as significantly overrepresented among hypermethylated genes detected in both types of renal cell carcinomas. In our pilot study, we provide the first evidence that identical features in the process of carcinogenesis leading to TRCC and/or to PRCC may be found at the gene methylation level. © 2016, Cancer Research Institute Slovak Acad. of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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