Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province

Harbin, China

Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province

Harbin, China

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PubMed | Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province, The fifth Hospital of Daqing City and Harbin Medical University
Type: | Journal: Journal of ethnopharmacology | Year: 2016

Carthamus tinctorius L. is a traditional herbal medicine native to China with properties of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, which is used for the treatment of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is the main constituent isolated from the flower of Carthamus tinctorius L. which is used as a marker substance in the quality control of Carthamus tinctorius L. in Chinese Pharmacopeia.This study is to investigate the hypertension attenuating effect of HSYA on hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery hypertension model rats, and the possible mechanism.The animal models were made by treating adult male Wistar rats (of the same age with the same weight of 20025g) under hypoxia 24h per day for 9 days with or without administration of HSYA. The pulmonary arterial pressure of rats was measured after anesthetization; The right ventricular hypotrophy was evaluated by the right ventricular hypotrophy index (RVHI=[RV/(LV+S)]) as well as histomorphology assay with Hematoxylin and Eosin (HE) staining; The reducing of pulmonary artery remodelling was evaluated by histomorphology assay with HE staining; The proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry assays (PCNA and Ki67) and MTT assay. Cell cycle analysis and Weston-blot analysis were also performed in the study.HSYA reduced the mean right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) of rats with hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPH) in a manner of concentration dependency. It significantly inhibited the PASMCs proliferation and attenuated the remodelling of the pulmonary artery and right ventricular hypertrophy.These findings suggested that HSYA protected against hypoxic induced pulmonary hypertension by reversing the remodelling of the pulmonary artery through inhibiting the proliferation and hypertrophy of PASMCs. This is in accordance with our previous finding that HSYA protects against the pulmonary artery vascular constriction. All these results suggest that HSYA may be a promising candidate for HPH treatment.

Song S.,Harbin Medical University | Wang S.,Harbin Medical University | Wang S.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | Ma J.,Harbin Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2013

Inhibition of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) apoptosis induced by hypoxia plays an important role in pulmonary arterial remodeling leading to aggravate hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, the mechanisms of hypoxia acting on PASMC apoptosis remain exclusive. Biliverdin reductase (BVR) has many essential biologic roles in physiological and pathological processes. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether the hypoxia-induced inhibition on PASMC apoptosis is mediated by BVR. In the present work, we found BVR majorly localized in PASMCs and was up-regulated in levels of protein and mRNA by hypoxia. Then we studied the contribution of BVR to anti-apoptotic response of hypoxia in PASMCs. Our results showed that siBVR, blocking generation of bilirubin, reversed the effect of hypoxia on enhancing cell survival and apoptotic protein (Bcl-2, procasepase-9, procasepase-3) expression, preventing nuclear shrinkage, DNA fragmentation and mitochondrial depolarization in starved PASMCs, which were recovered by exogenous bilirubin. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of bilirubin on PASMC apoptosis under hypoxic condition was blocked by the inhibitor of ERK1/2 pathway. Taken together, our data indicate that BVR contributes to the inhibitory process of hypoxia on PASMC apoptosis, which is mediated by bilirubin through ERK1/2 pathway. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Sugumaran P.K.,Harbin Medical University | Wang S.,Harbin Medical University | Song S.,Harbin Medical University | Nie X.,Harbin Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids | Year: 2014

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive condition in which remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature plays an important role. The vascular remodeling involves pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation and apoptosis, which is affected by several arachidonic acid metabolites. 15-oxo-Eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE) is one of the metabolites. However, the biological role of 15-oxo-ETE in PASMCs remains unknown. Here we show evidence for the modulation of PASMC apoptosis by 15-oxo-ETE. We found that 15-oxo-ETE increased rat and human PASMC viability. Consistently, 15-oxo-ETE attenuated nuclear fragmentation and DNA strand breaks, decreased caspase-3 activity, reduced mitochondrial depolarization, and increased Bcl-2 expression. Interestingly, the anti-apoptotic effect of 15-oxo-ETE was lost when the Akt intracellular signaling pathway was blocked. Taken together, we have established that 15-oxo-ETE protects PASMCs against apoptosis through the Akt pathway. These results suggest that 15-oxo-ETE seems to be a potential agent for PAH controls by preventing unwanted PASMC death. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Wei L.,Harbin Medical University | Yu X.,Harbin Medical University | Shi H.,Harbin Medical University | Zhang B.,Harbin Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2014

We have established that 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid is an important factor in regulation of pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) associated with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH), which is further metabolized by 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) to form 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid (15-KETE). However, the role of 15-PGDH and 15-KETE on PH has not been identified. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 15-PGDH/15-KETE pathway regulates hypoxia-induced PVR in PH and to characterize the underlying mechanisms. To accomplish this, Immunohistochemistry, Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography, Western blot, bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and cell cycle analysis were preformed. Our results showed that the levels of 15-PGDH expression and endogenous 15-KETE were drastically elevated in the lungs of humans with PH and hypoxic PH rats. Hypoxia stimulated pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation, which seemed to be due to the increased 15-PGDH/15-KETE. 15-PGDH/15-KETE pathway was also capable of stimulating the cell cycle progression and promoting the cell cycle-related protein expression. Furthermore, 15-KETE-promoted cell cycle progression and proliferation in PASMCs depended on protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR-2). ERK1/2 signaling was likely required for 15-PGDH/15-KETE-induced PAR-2 expression under hypoxia. Our study indicates that 15-PGDH/15-KETE stimulates the cell cycle progression and proliferation of PASMCs involving ERK1/2-mediated PAR-2 expression, and contributes to hypoxia-induced PVR. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Zhu D.,Harbin Medical University | Zhu D.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | Ran Y.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province
Journal of Physiological Sciences | Year: 2012

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease with a complex aetiology characterized by elevated pulmonary artery resistance, which leads to right heart ventricular afterload and ultimately progressing to right ventricular failure and often death. In addition to other factors, metabolites of arachidonic acid cascade play an important role in the pulmonary vasculature, and disruption of signaling pathways of arachidonic acid plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PAH. 15-Lipoxygenase (15-LO) is upregulated in pulmonary artery endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells of PAH patients, and its metabolite 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) in particular seems to play a central role in the contractile machinery, and in the initiation and propagation of cell proliferation via its effects on signal pathways, mitogens, and cell cycle components. Here, we focus on our important research into the role played by 15-LO/15-HETE, which promotes a proliferative, antiapoptotic, and vasoconstrictive physiological milieu leading to hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. © 2012 The Physiological Society of Japan and Springer.

Rao J.,Harbin Medical University | Li J.,Harbin Medical University | Liu Y.,Harbin Medical University | Lu P.,Harbin Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) induced by hypoxia regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative stress. However, the potential role of PGC-1α in hypoxia-promoted proliferation of pulmonary arterial vascular smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is completely unknown. In this study, we found that hypoxia significantly induced the expression of PGC-1α in cultured PASMCs and activated mitochondrial biogenesis through upregulation of nuclear respiratory factor-1 and mitochondria transcription factor A in a time-dependent manner. Knockdown of PGC-1α by siRNA abrogated hypoxia-induced PASMCs proliferation via the downregulation of PCNA, cyclinA, and cyclinE. Furthermore, we observed that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was involved in hypoxia induced PGC-1α expression and PASMCs proliferation. Taken together, these datas reveal PGC-1α as the key regulator to mediate mitochondrial biogenesis and the proliferation of PASMCs at an early stage of hypoxic exposure. This process might bring to light a potential adaptive mechanism for PASMCs to minimize hypoxic damage and our novel findings provide new insight into the development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Zhang L.,Harbin Medical University | Ma J.,Harbin Medical University | Shen T.,Harbin Medical University | Wang S.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | And 7 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2012

15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) is known to play an important role in chronic pulmonary hypertension. Accumulating evidence for its down-stream participants in the vasoconstriction and remodeling processes of pulmonary arteries, while how hypoxia regulates 15-LO/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) to mediate hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is still unknown. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is an important vascular regulator whose concentration increases under hypoxic condition in the lungs of both humans and mice with pulmonary hypertension. The present study was carried out to determine whether hypoxia advances the pulmonary vascular remodeling through the PDGF/15-LO/15-HETE pathway. We found that pulmonary arterial medial thickening caused by hypoxia was alleviated after a treatment of the hypoxic rats with imatinib, which was associated with down-regulations of 15-LO-2 expression and 15-HETE production. Moreover, the increases in cell proliferation and endogenous 15-HETE content by hypoxia were attenuated by the inhibitors of PDGF-β receptor in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). The effects of PDGF-BB on cell proliferation and survival were weakened after the administration of 15-LO inhibitors or 15-LO RNA interference. These results suggest that hypoxia promotes PASMCs proliferation and survival, contributing to pulmonary vascular medial hypertrophy, which is likely to be mediated via the PDGF-BB/15-LO-2/15-HETE pathway. © 2012.

Yao L.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | Nie X.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | Shi S.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | Song S.,Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province | And 4 more authors.
Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators | Year: 2012

15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a predominant metabolic product of arachidonic acid (AA) catalyzed by 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO), plays an important role in hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) as a critical oxygen-sensitive transcriptional factor participates in many physiological and pathological processes including PAH. Therefore, it is possible that there may be some connections between HIF-1α and 15-LO/15-HETE in hypoxic pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Our results showed that HIF-1α inhibitor or siRNA reduced hypoxia-induced upregulation of 15-LO and endogenous 15-HETE, meanwhile HIF-1α expression and transcriptional activity were induced by 15-HETE under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. It suggests there exists a potential positive feedback regulatory loop between HIF-1α and 15-LO/15-HETE. Furthermore, cell viability assay and several cell apoptosis assays, including TUNEL assay, Western blot, nuclear morphology determination, mitochondrial potential analysis, indicated that blocking HIF-1α induced apoptosis, decreased cell viability and suppressed the anti-apoptosis effects of 15-HETE. Taken together, our data indicate that upregulation of 15-LO/15-HETE in response to hypoxia may be partially mediated by HIF-1α which is also regulated by 15-HETE in a positive feedback manner, and HIF-1α can effectively inhibit pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells apoptosis which leads to vascular remodeling. The feedback loop between HIF-1α and 15-LO/15-HETE would obviously reinforce hypoxia-induced anti-apoptosis effect and may become a novel target of therapy in PAH. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Li J.,Harbin Medical University | Rao J.,Harbin Medical University | Liu Y.,Harbin Medical University | Cao Y.,Harbin Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE - : Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO)/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) is involved in hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Chronic hypoxia-induced vascular inflammation has been considered as an important stage in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Here, we determined the contribution of 15-HETE in the hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular inflammation. APPROACH AND RESULTS - : Chronic hypoxia-induced monocyte/macrophage infiltration and the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were analyzed in hypoxic rat model and cultured pulmonary arterial endothelium cells using immunochemistry methods. We found that monocyte/macrophage infiltration and the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecules under hypoxia were markedly inhibited by 15-HETE inhibitors or 15-LO1/2 small interfering RNA. In addition, exogenous 15-HETE enhanced the expression of both adhesion molecules in pulmonary arterial endothelium cells in a time-dependent manner. Hypoxia-induced 15-LO1/2 expression in rat pulmonary arterial endothelium cells was significantly abolished by nuclear factor-κB inhibitors. Meanwhile, nuclear factor-κB activity was enhanced prominently by the 15-LO1/2 product, 15-HETE, suggesting a positive feedback mechanism. CONCLUSIONS - : Taken together, our results suggest that chronic hypoxia promotes monocyte infiltration into the vasculature and adhesion molecules upregulation in pulmonary arterial endothelium cells via a positive interaction between 15-LO/15-HETE and nuclear factor-κB. Our study revealed a novel mechanism underlying hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial inflammation and suggested new therapeutic strategies targeting 15-LO/15-HETE and nuclear factor-κB in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.

PubMed | Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province and Harbin Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Histochemistry and cell biology | Year: 2016

The high level of reactive oxygen species and up-regulation of mitochondrial fission protein dynamin-related protein-1, both of which involved in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) apoptosis, have been detected in the lungs of rodent pulmonary arterial hypertension models. However, the regulatory mechanisms between ROS and DRP1 are poorly understood. In this study, ROS inhibitor, hypoxic rodent PAH models, small interfering RNA, polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used. We determined that ROS, mainly derive from mitochondria, mediate mitochondria fission of PASMCs contributing to pulmonary vascular remodeling. Meanwhile, we also observed that hypoxia-induced DRP1 expression depends on ROS generation, especially mitochondrial ROS (mROS). Moreover, the levels of ROS and mROS evoked by hypoxia were regulated by DRP1. Furthermore, we verified the apoptosis suppression of PASMCs under hypoxia due to the interaction between ROS/mROS and DRP1. Our study reveals a novel mechanism of hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling, suggesting a new therapeutic strategy which is targeting on the positive feedback of ROS/mROS-DRP1 for the treatment of PAH.

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