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Armilla, Spain

Alfaro J.M.,BioPharma Unit | Prades A.,Jaume I University | Del Carmen Ramos M.,BioPharma Unit | Peris E.,Jaume I University | And 3 more authors.
Zebrafish | Year: 2010

N-Heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have attracted great interest over the last decade for their use in the design of homogenous catalysts. NHC-based metal complexes have interesting potential biomedical applications, such as in antimicrobial and cancer therapy, which are beginning to be explored more fully. We have studied here the oxidant activities of a series of Ru(II) complexes in vitro and zebrafish (Danio rerio) have been used as a model in vivo to investigate and characterize the toxicity of some of these compounds. Dual behavior was observed for the NHC-based complexes as they behaved as antioxidants at low concentrations but showed pro-oxidant capacity at higher concentrations. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to Ru(II) complexes under several different conditions (0 or 24h postfertilization, with or without the chorion) and various parameters, such as viability, edema, heart rate, blood coagulation, pigmentation, scoliosis, malformation, and hatching, were tested. In general, zebrafish embryos were not harmed by exposure to Ru(II) complexes whatever the experimental conditions. Several toxicity profiles were observed depending upon the chemical structure of the compound in question. Their characteristics as pro-oxidant and/or antioxidant agents together with their biosafety may point to their having biomedical applications as antitumoral or neuroprotective drugs. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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