BioNano Health Guard Research Center

Daejeon, South Korea

BioNano Health Guard Research Center

Daejeon, South Korea
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Disclosed herein are an artificial cell membrane including a supported lipid bilayer (SLB) including a substrate and mobility-decreased metal particles bonded onto the substrate; an analysis device or kit including the artificial cell membrane and examining the interactions between molecules, in which one molecule is bonded to the surface of a mobility-decreased metal particle bonded to the artificial cell membrane and the other molecule is bonded to the surface of a mobility-increased metal particle bonded to a lipid at a low valency; a method of examining the interactions between molecules using the analysis device; a kit for quantitative or qualitative analysis of a target material including the artificial cell membrane by plasmonic scattering measurements; and a multiple analysis kit capable of detecting a plurality of target materials using a plurality of metal particles having different plasmonic scattering wavelengths and/or having mobility on a supported lipid bilayer. According to the artificial cell membrane including a supported lipid bilayer containing metal particles attached thereto, the fluidity of the metal particles on the lipid can be controlled by adjusting the number of ligands bonded to the metal particles. Therefore, target molecules for analyzing the interactions therebetween on two types of metal particles having different fluidity are introduced onto the artificial cell membrane, thereby monitoring the movements of the metal particles through plasmonic scattering so as to analyze the interactions between the target molecules. In this case, multiple analysis of simultaneously detecting and quantifying a plurality of target materials using the artificial cell membrane of the present invention, plasmonic scattering wavelengths, and a plurality of particles having different fluidity can be performed.


Guk K.,Center for Monitoring Research | Guk K.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Keem J.O.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Hwang S.G.,Center for Monitoring Research | And 9 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2017

Rapid and reliable diagnosis of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is crucial for guiding effective patient treatment and preventing the spread of MRSA infections. Nonetheless, further simplification of MRSA detection procedures to shorten detection time and reduce labor relative to that of conventional methods remains a challenge. Here, we have demonstrated a Clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-mediated DNA-FISH method for the simple, rapid and highly sensitive detection of MRSA; this method uses CRISPR associated protein 9/single-guide RNA (dCas9/sgRNA) complex as a targeting material and SYBR Green I (SG I) as a fluorescent probe. A dCas9/sgRNA-SG I based detection approach has advantages over monoclonal antibody in conventional immunoassay systems due to its ability to interact with the target gene in a sequence-specific manner. The detection limit of MRSA was as low as 10 cfu/ml and was found to be sufficient to effectively detect MRSA. Unlike conventional gene diagnosis methods in which PCR must be accompanied or genes are isolated and analyzed, the target gene can be detected within 30 min with high sensitivity without performing a gene separation step by using cell lysates. We showed that the fluorescence signal of the MRSA cell lysate was more than 10-fold higher than that of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). Importantly, the present approach can be applied to any target other than MRSA by simply changing the single-guide RNA (sgRNA) sequence. Because dCas9/sgRNA-SG I based detection approach has proved to be easy, fast, sensitive, and cost-efficient, it can be applied directly at the point of care to detect various pathogens as well as MRSA in this study. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


Ahn J.,Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials | Park K.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Lee S.,Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials | Jung S.,Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials | And 6 more authors.
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, B | Year: 2017

In bioscience and biotechnology, the research of fundamental life mechanisms and their diseases caused by insufficiency is important. The study of a whole organism is difficult and sometimes impossible because of DNA, RNA, proteins, cellular organelles, various cells, and organs. Cell cultures can provide a simple method for researching cellular mechanisms and conditions, both in terms of physiological performance, and in response to chemical stimulation. According to conventional cell culture methodology, the flat surface is used with surface treatments for cell adhesion on the surface. Micro-and nanoscale patterns have been developed with chemical and biochemical modifications for cell immobilization. In this study, HeLa cell culture on nanostructures patterns was studied, including the 300 nm line and 150 nm pillar structures, using nanoimprint lithography and pyrrole as a biocompatible conducting polymer. © 2017 The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers.


Mun D.-H.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Lee H.J.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Lee H.J.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Bae S.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2015

Highly reactive radicals or chemicals are generated on the surfaces of oxide semiconductors via reactions between photo-induced charges and ambient gas molecules. These radicals or chemicals have been utilized in heterogeneous photosynthesis and photocatalysis. In this study, we demonstrated that the photocatalytic reactions on the surface of ZnO promoted the oxidation and decomposition of graphene. Raman spectra were used to analyze the evolution of the G and 2D peaks. The oxidation of graphene on a ZnO substrate by UV radiation was faster than that in the absence of ZnO. During oxidation, the resistivity and the transmittance of graphene also increased. The XPS results showed that functional groups related to the oxidation of graphene were formed during the photocatalytic reactions. This simple and clean approach will be also effective for selective surface modification by enhancing the surface chemical reactions that pattern graphene via oxidation. © the Owner Societies 2015.


Kim S.-J.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Bae P.K.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Chung B.H.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Chung B.H.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Chung B.H.,Korean University of Science and Technology
Chemical Communications | Year: 2014

We report on the targeted imaging of breast cancer using self-assembled levan nanoparticles. Indocyanine green (ICG) was encapsulated in levan nanoparticles via self-assembly. Levan-ICG nanoparticles were found to be successfully accumulated in breast cancer via specific interaction between fructose moieties in levan and overexpressed glucose transporter 5 in breast cancer cells. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Kim S.-J.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Chung B.H.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Chung B.H.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2016

Levan coated cerium oxide nanoparticles (LCNPs) with the enhanced antioxidant activity were successfully synthesized and characterized. Levan and their derivatives are attractive for biomedical applications attributable to their antioxidant, anti-inflammation and anti-tumor properties. LCNPs were synthesized using the one-pot and green synthesis system with levan. For production of nanoparticles, levan plays a role as a stabilizing and reducing agent. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis showed that LCNPs successfully synthesized. The morphology and size of nanoparticles were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). LCNPs have good water solubility and stability. The conjugation of levan with cerium oxide nanoparticles improved antioxidant activity. Moreover the level of ROS was reduced after treatment of LCNPs to H2O2 stimulated NIH3T3 cells. These results demonstrate that the LCNPs are useful for applying of treatment of ROS induced diseases. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Jeong J.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Jeong J.,Korea University | Jeong J.,BioNano Health Guard Research Center | Cho H.-J.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | And 9 more authors.
Carbon | Year: 2015

The toxicity of nano-graphene oxide (NGO) on development and angiogenesis was evaluated using zebrafish embryos as in vivo model system. Microinjection of NGO resulted in gross morphological defects in a dose-dependent manner partly due to the induction of apoptosis, whereas coating NGO derivatives with polyethylene glycol (PEG), a biocompatible polymer significantly attenuated its toxicity. NGO also caused abnormal branching and mispatterning of developing trunk blood vessels monitored by endothelial cell-specific fluorescent transgenic zebrafish, presumably via Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Notch pathways, key signaling pathways for normal angiogenic process. Interestingly, Alexa568 conjugated, PEG-coated NGO (NGO-A568) still caused angiogenic defects to the similar degree as NGO did, suggesting differential toxic effects of nanomaterials on different developmental processes. Confocal microscopy imaging of NGO- and NGO-A568-injected embryos visualized its live distribution throughout the body including the cranial vasculature. The broader utilization of embryonic zebrafish combined with in vivo, real-time, high-resolution imaging is warranted for assessing the properties of nanomaterials. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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