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Vu T.N.,University of Antwerp | Vu T.N.,Biomedical Informatics Research Center Antwerp biomina | Laukens K.,University of Antwerp | Laukens K.,Biomedical Informatics Research Center Antwerp biomina
Metabolites | Year: 2013

One of the most significant challenges in the comparative analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) metabolome profiles is the occurrence of shifts between peaks across different spectra, for example caused by fluctuations in pH, temperature, instrument factors and ion content. Proper alignment of spectral peaks is therefore often a crucial preprocessing step prior to downstream quantitative analysis. Various alignment methods have been developed specifically for this purpose. Other methods were originally developed to align other data types (GC, LC, SELDI-MS, etc.), but can also be applied to NMR data. This review discusses the available methods, as well as related problems such as reference determination or the evaluation of alignment quality. We present a generic alignment framework that allows for comparison and classification of different alignment approaches according to their algorithmic principles, and we discuss their performance. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Remmerie N.,Center for Proteomics | Remmerie N.,University of Antwerp | De Vijlder T.,Center for Proteomics | De Vijlder T.,University of Antwerp | And 18 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2011

To understand physiological processes, insight into protein complexes is very important. Through a combination of blue native gel electrophoresis and LC-MS/MS, we were able to isolate protein complexes and identify their potential subunits from Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bright Yellow-2. For this purpose, a bioanalytical approach was used that works without a priori knowledge of the interacting proteins. Different clustering methods (e.g., k-means and hierarchical clustering) and a biclustering approach were evaluated according to their ability to group proteins by their migration profile and to correlate the proteins to a specific complex. The biclustering approach was identified as a very powerful tool for the exploration of protein complexes of whole cell lysates since it allows for the promiscuous nature of proteins. Furthermore, it searches for associations between proteins that co-occur frequently throughout the BN gel, which increases the confidence of the putative associations between co-migrating proteins. The statistical significance and biological relevance of the profile clusters were verified using functional gene ontology annotation. The proof of concept for identifying protein complexes by our BN PAGE/LC-MS/MS approach is provided through the analysis of known protein complexes. Both well characterized long-lived protein complexes as well as potential temporary sequential multi-enzyme complexes were characterized. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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