Biomedical Technology Services

Fortitude Valley, Australia

Biomedical Technology Services

Fortitude Valley, Australia

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Lee K.L.,Princess Alexandra Hospital | Bernardo M.,Biomedical Technology Services | Ireland T.A.,Queensland University of Technology
Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine | Year: 2016

This is part two of a two-part study in benchmarking system performance of fixed digital radiographic systems. The study compares the system performance of seven fixed digital radiography systems based on quantitative metrics like modulation transfer function (sMTF), normalised noise power spectrum (sNNPS), detective quantum efficiency (sDQE) and entrance surface air kerma (ESAK). It was found that the most efficient image receptors (greatest sDQE) were not necessarily operating at the lowest ESAK. In part one of this study, sMTF is shown to depend on system configuration while sNNPS is shown to be relatively consistent across systems. Systems are ranked on their signal-to-noise ratio efficiency (sDQE) and their ESAK. Systems using the same equipment configuration do not necessarily have the same system performance. This implies radiographic practice at the site will have an impact on the overall system performance. In general, systems are more dose efficient at low dose settings. © 2016 Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine


Lee K.L.,Princess Alexandra Hospital | Ireland T.A.,Queensland University of Technology | Bernardo M.,Biomedical Technology Services
Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine | Year: 2016

This is the first part of a two-part study in benchmarking the performance of fixed digital radiographic general X-ray systems. This paper concentrates on reporting findings related to quantitative analysis techniques used to establish comparative image quality metrics. A systematic technical comparison of the evaluated systems is presented in part two of this study. A novel quantitative image quality analysis method is presented with technical considerations addressed for peer review. The novel method was applied to seven general radiographic systems with four different makes of radiographic image receptor (12 image receptors in total). For the System Modulation Transfer Function (sMTF), the use of grid was found to reduce veiling glare and decrease roll-off. The major contributor in sMTF degradation was found to be focal spot blurring. For the System Normalised Noise Power Spectrum (sNNPS), it was found that all systems examined had similar sNNPS responses. A mathematical model is presented to explain how the use of stationary grid may cause a difference between horizontal and vertical sNNPS responses. © 2016 Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine


Schick D.,Biomedical Technology Services | Pratap J.,Princess Alexandra Hospital
British Journal of Radiology | Year: 2015

Objective: This study evaluated the radiation dose and image quality implications of dual-energy CT (DECT) use, compared with kilovoltage-optimized single-source/single-energy CT (SECT) on a dual-source Siemens Somatom Definition Flash CT scanner (Siemens Healthcare, Forcheim, Germany). Methods: With equalized radiation dose (volumetric CT dose index), image noise (standard deviation of CT number) and signal-difference-to-noise ratio (SDNR) were measured and compared across three techniques: 100, 120 and 100/140kVp (dual energy). Noise in a 30-cm-diameter water phantom and SDNR within unenhanced soft-tissue regions of a small adult (50kg/165cm) anthropomorphic phantom were utilized for the assessment. Results: Water phantom image noise decreased with DECT compared with the lower noise SECT setting of 120 kVp (p50.046). A decrease in SDNR within the anthropomorphic phantom was demonstrated at 120kVp compared with the SECT kilovoltage-optimized setting of 100 kVp (p50.001). A further decrease in SDNR was observed for the DECT technique when compared with 120 kVp (p50.01). Conclusion: On the Siemens Somatom Definition Flash system (Siemens Healthcare), and for equalized radiation dose conditions, image quality expressed as SDNR of unenhanced soft tissue may be compromised for DECT when compared with kilovoltage-optimized SECT, particularly for smaller patients. Advances in knowledge: DECT on a dual-source CT scanner may require a radiation dose increase to maintain unenhanced soft-tissue contrast detectability, particularly for smaller patients. © 2015 The Authors. Published by the British Institute of Radiology.


Thiele D.L.,Biomedical Technology Services | Irvine M.,Biomedical Technology Services | Want D.,Biomedical Technology Services | Bernardo M.,Biomedical Technology Services
Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine | Year: 2011

Diagnostic reference levels assist in the optimisation of radiation exposure parameters within a medical imaging facility. As no Australian DRLs currently exist, radiation doses from mammography in BreastScreen Queensland are analysed. Program-based DRLs of 1.1 and 1.4 mGy are proposed for digital radiography and computed radiography mammography systems, respectively. © Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine 2011.


Burns C.L.,Royal Brisbane & Womens Hospital | Burns C.L.,University of Queensland | Keir B.,Biomedical Technology Services | Ward E.C.,University of Queensland | And 5 more authors.
Dysphagia | Year: 2015

High-quality fluoroscopy images are required for accurate interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) by speech pathologists and radiologists. Consequently, integral to developing any system to conduct VFSS remotely via telepractice is ensuring that the quality of the VFSS images transferred via the telepractice system is optimized. This study evaluates the extent of change observed in image quality when videofluoroscopic images are transmitted from a digital fluoroscopy system to (a) current clinical equipment (KayPentax Digital Swallowing Workstation, and b) four different telepractice system configurations. The telepractice system configurations consisted of either a local C20 or C60 Cisco TelePresence System (codec unit) connected to the digital fluoroscopy system and linked to a second remote C20 or C60 Cisco TelePresence System via a network running at speeds of either 2, 4 or 6 megabits per second (Mbit/s). Image quality was tested using the NEMA XR 21 Phantom, and results demonstrated some loss in spatial resolution, low contrast detectability and temporal resolution for all transferred images when compared to the fluoroscopy source. When using higher capacity codec units and/or the highest bandwidths to support data transmission, image quality transmitted through the telepractice system was found to be comparable if not better than the current clinical system. This study confirms that telepractice systems can be designed to support fluoroscopy image transfer and highlights important considerations when developing telepractice systems for VFSS analysis to ensure high-quality radiological image reproduction. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland University of Technology and Biomedical Technology Services
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Australasian physical & engineering sciences in medicine | Year: 2016

This is the first part of a two-part study in benchmarking the performance of fixed digital radiographic general X-ray systems. This paper concentrates on reporting findings related to quantitative analysis techniques used to establish comparative image quality metrics. A systematic technical comparison of the evaluated systems is presented in part two of this study. A novel quantitative image quality analysis method is presented with technical considerations addressed for peer review. The novel method was applied to seven general radiographic systems with four different makes of radiographic image receptor (12 image receptors in total). For the System Modulation Transfer Function (sMTF), the use of grid was found to reduce veiling glare and decrease roll-off. The major contributor in sMTF degradation was found to be focal spot blurring. For the System Normalised Noise Power Spectrum (sNNPS), it was found that all systems examined had similar sNNPS responses. A mathematical model is presented to explain how the use of stationary grid may cause a difference between horizontal and vertical sNNPS responses.


PubMed | Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland University of Technology and Biomedical Technology Services
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Australasian physical & engineering sciences in medicine | Year: 2016

This is part two of a two-part study in benchmarking system performance of fixed digital radiographic systems. The study compares the system performance of seven fixed digital radiography systems based on quantitative metrics like modulation transfer function (sMTF), normalised noise power spectrum (sNNPS), detective quantum efficiency (sDQE) and entrance surface air kerma (ESAK). It was found that the most efficient image receptors (greatest sDQE) were not necessarily operating at the lowest ESAK. In part one of this study, sMTF is shown to depend on system configuration while sNNPS is shown to be relatively consistent across systems. Systems are ranked on their signal-to-noise ratio efficiency (sDQE) and their ESAK. Systems using the same equipment configuration do not necessarily have the same system performance. This implies radiographic practice at the site will have an impact on the overall system performance. In general, systems are more dose efficient at low dose settings.

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