Biomedical Network Research Center for Rare Diseases

Valencia, Spain

Biomedical Network Research Center for Rare Diseases

Valencia, Spain
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Engel C.,University of Leipzig | Versmold B.,University of Cologne | Wappenschmidt B.,University of Cologne | Simard J.,Laval University | And 65 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2010

Background: The genes caspase-8 (CASP8) and caspase-10 (CASP10) functionally cooperate and play a key role in the initiation of apoptosis. Suppression of apoptosis is one of the major mechanisms underlying the origin and progression of cancer. Previous case-control studies have indicated that the polymorphisms CASP8 D302H and CASP10 V410I are associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer in the general population. Methods: To evaluate whether the CASP8 D302H (CASP10 V410I) polymorphisms modify breast or ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, we analyzed 7,353 (7,227) subjects of white European origin provided by 19 (18) study groups that participate in the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA). A weighted cohort approach was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results: The minor allele of CASP8 D302H was significantly associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer (per-allele HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.76-0.97; Ptrend = 0.011) and ovarian cancer (per-allele HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.53-0.89; Ptrend = 0.004) for BRCA1 but not for BRCA2 mutation carriers. The CASP10 V410I polymorphism was not associated with breast or ovarian cancer risk for BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers. Conclusions: CASP8 D302H decreases breast and ovarian cancer risk for BRCA1 mutation carriers but not for BRCA2 mutation carriers. Impact: The combined application of these and other recently identified genetic riskmodifiers could in the future allow better individual risk calculation and could aid in the individualized counseling and decision making with respect to preventive options in BRCA1 mutation carriers. ©2010 AACR.

Domenech-Carbo A.,University of Valencia | Cebrian-Torrejon G.,University of Valencia | Cebrian-Torrejon G.,University Paris - Sud | De Miguel L.,University Paris - Sud | And 8 more authors.
Electrochimica Acta | Year: 2014

Microparticulate films of a canthin-6-one alkaloid (L), a natural β-carboline alkaloid presenting a characteristic naphtyridone motif, on glassy carbon electrodes yield different, separate voltammetric signals for dsDNA, ssDNA, G-quadruplex DNA, different degrees of DNA methylation and the biomimetic nucleosomal DNA with detection limit of 10-5 M. This multiple-signal electrochemical behavior is in contrast with conventional use of DNA intercalators, only discriminating between different DNA forms by variations in the intensity of a unique signal. Complementary photochemical and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) data suggest that the differences in the voltammetric response of the different DNA forms derive from the intercalating properties of the canthin-6-one. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Aparisi M.J.,Institute Investigacion Sanitaria La Fe | Garcia-Garcia G.,Institute Investigacion Sanitaria La Fe | Aller E.,Institute Investigacion Sanitaria La Fe | Aller E.,Biomedical Network Research Center for Rare Diseases | And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Usher syndrome type I (USH1) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital profound deafness, vestibular areflexia and prepubertal retinitis pigmentosa. The first purpose of this study was to determine the pathologic nature of eighteen USH1 putative splicing variants found in our series and their effect in the splicing process by minigene assays. These variants were selected according to bioinformatic analysis. The second aim was to analyze the USH1 transcripts, obtained from nasal epithelial cells samples of our patients, in order to corroborate the observed effect of mutations by minigenes in patient's tissues. The last objective was to evaluate the nasal ciliary beat frequency in patients with USH1 and compare it with control subjects. In silico analysis were performed using four bioinformatic programs: NNSplice, Human Splicing Finder, NetGene2 and Spliceview. Afterward, minigenes based on the pSPL3 vector were used to investigate the implication of selected changes in the mRNA processing. To observe the effect of mutations in the patient's tissues, RNA was extracted from nasal epithelial cells and RT-PCR analyses were performed. Four MYO7A (c.470G>A, c.1342_1343delAG, c.5856G>A and c.3652G>A), three CDH23 (c.2289+1G>A, c.6049G>A and c.8722+1delG) and one PCDH15 (c.3717+2dupTT) variants were observed to affect the splicing process by minigene assays and/or transcripts analysis obtained from nasal cells. Based on our results, minigenes are a good approach to determine the implication of identified variants in the mRNA processing, and the analysis of RNA obtained from nasal epithelial cells is an alternative method to discriminate neutral Usher variants from those with a pathogenic effect on the splicing process. In addition, we could observe that the nasal ciliated epithelium of USH1 patients shows a lower ciliary beat frequency than control subjects. © 2013 Aparisi et al.

Garcia-Gimenez J.L.,Biomedical Network Research Center for Rare Diseases | Garcia-Gimenez J.L.,University of Valencia | Garcia-Gimenez J.L.,Institute of Health Research INCLIVA | Olaso G.,University of Valencia | And 19 more authors.
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling | Year: 2013

Aims: Here we report that chromatin, the complex and dynamic eukaryotic DNA packaging structure, is able to sense cellular redox changes. Histone H3, the only nucleosomal protein that possesses cysteine(s), can be modified by glutathione (GSH). Results: Using Biotin labeled glutathione ethyl ester (BioGEE) treatment of nucleosomes in vitro, we show that GSH, the most abundant antioxidant in mammals, binds to histone H3. BioGEE treatment of NIH3T3 cells indicates that glutathionylation of H3 is maximal in fast proliferating cells, correlating well with enhanced levels of H3 glutathionylation in different tumor cell lines. Furthermore, glutathionylation of H3 in vivo decreases in livers from aged SAMP8 and C57BL/6J mice. We demonstrate biochemically and by mass spectrometry that histone variants H3.2/H3.3 are glutathionylated on their cysteine residue 110. Furthermore, circular dichroism, thermal denaturation of reconstituted nucleosomes, and molecular modeling indicate that glutathionylation of histone H3 produces structural changes affecting nucleosomal stability. Innovation: We characterize the implications of histone H3 glutathionylation in cell physiology and the modulation of core histone proteins structure affected by this modification. Conclusion: Histone H3 senses cellular redox changes through glutathionylation of Cys, which increases during cell proliferation and decreases during aging. Glutathionylation of histone H3 affects nucleosome stability structure leading to a more open chromatin structure. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 19, 1305-1320. © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.

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