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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Sepulveda M.,University of Barcelona | Ros C.,University of Barcelona | Martinez-Lapiscina E.H.,University of Barcelona | Sola-Valls N.,University of Barcelona | And 9 more authors.
Multiple Sclerosis | Year: 2016

Since a decline in the ovary function might impact the reproductive potential in women with multiple sclerosis (MS), we investigated the pituitary-ovary axis and ovarian reserve, including anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels and ultrasound imaging of the ovaries, of 25 relapsing-remitting MS patients and 25 age-matched healthy controls. Mean levels of pituitary-gonadal hormones and age-adjusted parameters of ovarian reserve markers were not significantly different between both groups. Patients with higher disease activity (annualized relapse rate >0.5; n=9) had significantly lower AMH levels, total antral follicle count and ovarian volume, than those with lower disease activity. The finding of poorer ovarian reserve associated with higher disease activity should be taken into consideration since it may negatively impact the reproductive prognosis. © SAGE Publications. Source

Martinez C.,Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Rosales M.,Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Calvo X.,Institute of Hematology and Oncology | Cuatrecasas M.,Biomedical Diagnostic Center | And 7 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2012

Gastrointestinal (GI) GVHD after allo-SCT is diagnosed on the basis of symptoms and findings in endoscopic mucosal biopsy specimens. However, GI symptoms often persist despite treatment and whether a second endoscopy may be helpful in determining the most suitable therapy is not established. We identified 31 patients with persistent diarrhea who underwent more than one endoscopic study. All cases underwent serial microbiological stool analysis and CMV-detecting assays on serum and biopsies. Of the 31 initial GI biopsies, 20 (64.5%) were classified as GVHD, two (6.5%) as GVHD with CMV, four (13%) as non-CMV infection, and five (16%) as normal or unspecific. The second GI biopsies were diagnostic of GVHD in nine cases (29%), GVHD simultaneously with CMV infection in four (13%), regenerative changes post-GVHD in five (16%), CMV infection in four (13%), and normal or unspecific in nine (29%). In 22 of the 31 patients (71%), the histological findings of the second/third endoscopic biopsies differed from the findings of the first endoscopy and led to a therapy change in 77%. In conclusion, serial GI endoscopies are of reliable diagnostic value and can impact on therapeutic decision-making for patients with persistent diarrhea after allo-SCT. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Boix F.,University of Murcia | Millan O.,Biomedical Diagnostic Center | Millan O.,CIBER ISCIII | Segundo D.S.,Santander University | And 18 more authors.
Immunobiology | Year: 2016

The mayor goal still outstanding into the solid organ transplantation field involves the search of surrogate biomarkers able to predict several clinical events, such as acute rejection (AR) or opportunistic infection. In the present multicenter study, a series of interesting surface antigens with important activator or inhibitory immune functions on cultured peripheral T cells were monitored in liver transplant recipients drawn at baseline and up to one year after transplantation. Sixty-four patients were included in the multicenter study during 3 years. Pre- and post-transplantation surface antigens levels displayed significant differences between AR and non acute rejection (NAR) groups, and also this differential expression was used to construct a risk predictive model based on a composite panel of outcome biomarkers (CD38, CD69, CD95 and CD154). The model was able to stratify these patients at high risk of AR. These preliminary results could provide basic information to improve the immunosuppressive treatment and it might better help to predict AR episodes. © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Codina M.,Human Genetics Research Group | Codina M.,Biomedical Diagnostic Center | Estanyol J.M.,University of Barcelona | Fidalgo M.J.,University of Barcelona | And 3 more authors.
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2015

The recent application of mass spectrometry to the study of the sperm cell has led to an unprecedented capacity for identification of sperm proteins in a variety of species. Knowledge of the proteins that make up the sperm cell represents the first step towards understanding its normal function and the molecular anomalies associated with male infertility. The present review starts with an introduction of the sperm cell biology and is followed by the consideration of the methodological key aspects to be aware of during sample sourcing and preparation, including data interpretation. It then overviews the initiatives developed so far towards the completion of the sperm proteome, with a particular focus in human but with the inclusion of some comments on different model species. Finally, all studies performing differential proteomics in infertile patients are reviewed, pointing to future potential applications. © Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Castillo J.,University of Barcelona | Castillo J.,Biomedical Diagnostic Center | Estanyol J.M.,University of Barcelona | Ballesca J.L.,Clinic Institute of Gynaecology | And 2 more authors.
Asian Journal of Andrology | Year: 2015

The classical idea about the function of the mammalian sperm chromatin is that it serves to transmit a highly protected and transcriptionally inactive paternal genome, largely condensed by protamines, to the next generation. In addition, recent sperm chromatin genome-wide dissection studies indicate the presence of a differential distribution of the genes and repetitive sequences in the protamine-condensed and histone-condensed sperm chromatin domains, which could be potentially involved in regulatory roles after fertilization. Interestingly, recent proteomic studies have shown that sperm chromatin contains many additional proteins, in addition to the abundant histones and protamines, with specific modifications and chromatin affinity features which are also delivered to the oocyte. Both gene and protein signatures seem to be altered in infertile patients and, as such, are consistent with the potential involvement of the sperm chromatin landscape in early embryo development. This present work reviews the available information on the composition of the human sperm chromatin and its epigenetic potential, with a particular focus on recent results derived from high-throughput genomic and proteomic studies. As a complement, we provide experimental evidence for the detection of phosphorylations and acetylations in human protamine 1 using a mass spectrometry approach. The available data indicate that the sperm chromatin is much more complex than what it was previously thought, raising the possibility that it could also serve to transmit crucial paternal epigenetic information to the embryo. © 2015 AJA, SIMM & SJTU. All rights reserved. Source

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